simple past part i

22
Inglês Was/Were X Had Simple Past

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Simple Past - Regular Verbs - Affirmative Was/WereXHad

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Page 1: Simple Past Part I

Inglês

Was/Were X HadSimple Past

Page 2: Simple Past Part I

Was/Were

I am a student.He is a teacher.

She is a journalist.It is a book.

We are mechanics.You are pilots.

They are doctors.

I was a student.He was a teacher.

She was a journalist.It was a book.

We were mechanics.You were pilots.

They were doctors.

Singular

Plural

Affirmative

Lembrete:You é usado no singular e no plural. Sempre usará a forma do plural (are/were).

Page 3: Simple Past Part I

Was/Were

I am not a student.He is not a teacher.

She is not a journalist.It is not a book.

We are not mechanics.You are not pilots.

They are not doctors.

I was not a student.He was not a teacher.

She was not a journalist.It was not a book.

We were not mechanics.You were not pilots.

They were not doctors.

Singular

Plural

NegativeI wasn’t a student.

He wasn’t a teacher.

She wasn’t a journalist.

It wasn’t a book.

We weren’t mechanics.

You weren’t pilots.

They weren’t doctors.

Page 4: Simple Past Part I

Was/Were

Am I a student?Is he a teacher?Is she a journalist?Is it a book?

Are we mechanics?Are you pilots?Are they doctors?

Was I a student?Was he a teacher?Was she a journalist?Was it a book?

Were we mechanics?Were you pilots?Were they doctors?

Singular

Plural

Interrogative

Page 5: Simple Past Part I

Was/Were

• No Simple Past, o verbo to be assume as formas was e were.

Jason was at home yesterday. They were at school yesterday.

• To be basta para fazer perguntas e dar resposta afirmativa ou negativa, não sendo necessário nenhum verbo auxiliar.

Jason was at home. Jason wasn’t at home. Was Jason at home?

Page 6: Simple Past Part I

Had

I have

a black cat.

HehasShe

ItWe

haveYouThey

I

had a black cat.

HeShe

ItWeYou

They

Affirmative

Lembrete:É só um exemplo.

Page 7: Simple Past Part I

Had

I

didn’t have a black cat.

HeShe

ItWeYou

They

NegativeI don’t have

A black cat.

He doesn’t have

She doesn’t have

It doesn’t have

We don’t have

You don’t have

They don’t have

Page 8: Simple Past Part I

Had

• No Simple Past, o verbo to have assume a forma had. Diferentemente do que acontece no Simple Present, a forma do verbo to have no Simple Past não muda de acordo com a pessoa.

Jason had a black cat. They had a black cat. She had a black cat.

Page 9: Simple Past Part I

Had

Did

I

have a black cat?

hesheit

weyouthey

Interrogative

Did

I

have a black cat?

he

she

it

we

you

they

Page 10: Simple Past Part I

Had

• Tanto na forma interrogativa quanto na negativa, usa-se o auxiliar did.

Jason had a black cat. Jason didn’t have a black cat. Did Jason have a black cat?

Page 11: Simple Past Part I

Complete the sentences with was or were.a) I happy.b) You angry.c) She in London last week.d) He on holiday.e) It cold.f) We at school.g) You at the cinema.h) They at home.i) The cat on the roof.j) The children in the garden.

was

was

waswas

was

were

werewerewere

were

Page 12: Simple Past Part I

Complete the sentences.a) Today, I happy.b) Yesterday, they at home.c) Last week, she on holidays.d) Now, he at the library.e) Yesterday, I at the swimming-pool.

am

was

iswas

were

Page 13: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Use1. Ações acabadas em um tempo definido. Frequentemente usado com advérbios

de tempo como yesterday, yesterday morning, last week, last month, last night, the day before yesterday, three years ago, in 1998, in the twentieth century, etc.

Susan helped him last night. (Susan o ajudou ontem à noite.)My parents traveled to Roma in 2005 and they enjoyed it a lot. (Meus pais viajaram para Roma em 2005 e gostaram muito da viagem.)I liked to read fairy tales when I was a child. (Eu gostava de ler contos de fadas quando era criança.)Yesterday we entered the class late, today we have to enter on time. (Ontem entramos na sala de aula atrasados, hoje temos que entrar na hora.)Those students studied hard last semester. (Aqueles alunos estudaram bastante no último semestre.)The Second World War ended in 1945. (A Segunda Guerra Mundial teve fim em 1945.)

Page 14: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Use2. Um fato anterior ao momento da fala, mas que ainda dura no

momento do passado que está sendo mencionado. Nesses casos é comum aparecer expressões como when, while, whenever.

While the cicada sang, the ant worked.(Enquanto a cigarra cantava, a formiga trabalhava.)

Robert hated blues, but his sister loved it. (Roberto detestava blues, mas a irmã dele adorava.)

While the children played in the garden, their mother cleaned the house. (Enquanto as crianças brincavam no jardim, a mãe delas limpava a casa.)

Page 15: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Use

3. Indicar hábitos ou situações passadas. Nesses casos também é comum aparecer expressões como when, while, whenever.

When I lived in London, I worked in a pub.(Quando morei em Londres, trabalhei em um bar.)

Whenever someone walked past the gate, the dog barked.(Toda vez que alguém passava no portão, o cachorro latia.)

Page 16: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Form

• Verbos Regulares - Regular Verbs

De um modo geral, é formado acrescentando -d ou -ed ao infinitivo dos verbos. Observe a tabela abaixo:

I worked yesterdayYou worked yesterdayHe worked yesterdayShe worked yesterdayIt worked yesterday

We worked yesterdayYou worked yesterday

They worked yesterday

Page 17: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Form• Particularidades da ortografia do Simple Past:

1. Os verbos terminados em e recebem apenas a letra -d ao infinitivo do verbo. Veja alguns exemplos abaixo:hope - hopedchange - changedlike - likedbehave - behavedlie - liedlive - livedlove - lovedarrive - arrivedinvite - invitedsnore - snored

Page 18: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Form• Particularidades da ortografia do Simple Past:

2. Se o verbo tiver uma única sílaba ou terminar em sílaba tônica formada porconsoante/vogal/consoante, dobra-se a última consoante e acrescenta-se -ed:stop - stoppedpermit - permittedoccur - occurredrob - robbedadmit - admittedprefer - preferredomit - omittedcontrol - controlleddrop - droppedplan - plannedshop - shopped

OBSERVAÇÃO: No Inglês Britânico, se o verbo termina com a letra "L", dobra-se essa consoante mesmo que a última sílaba não seja tônica.

travel - travelledrival - rivalled

Page 19: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Form

• Particularidades da ortografia do Simple Past:

3. Os verbos terminados em y precedido de consoante trocam o y por -ied:study - studiedcarry - carriedworry - worriedtry - triedhurry - hurriedcry - cried

OBSERVAÇÃO: Quando o y for precedido de vogal, não há mudança ortográfica, bastando apenas acrescentar -ed ao verbo:pray - prayedenjoy - enjoyedobey - obeyedplay - played

Page 20: Simple Past Part I

Simple Past – Form• Particularidades da ortografia do Simple Past:

• 4. Os verbos terminados em consoante/vogal/consoante cuja sílaba tônica não é a última nãodobram a consoante, apenas recebem -ed:

listen - listeneddevelop - developedopen - openedfasten - fastenedsuffer - sufferedvisit - visitedwonder - wonderedoffer - offered

Page 21: Simple Past Part I

Write the sentences using PAST SIMPLE.a) Children (dress) quickly.b) I (help) my mother in the kitchen.c) We (walk) in the park.d) They (wash) their clothes in the

bathroom.e) We (watch) an interesting film.f) Students (work) in the garden.g) Guna (play) basketball.h) The girl (skip) very fast. (X2)i) It (rain) a lot.j) Henry (ski) down the hill.

dressed

walkedwashed

watched

skipped

helped

workedplayed

rainedskied