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Sigmund Freud. Identity. Learning Target. Explain Freud’s theory of the mind and how it contributes to anxiety. Theory of the Mind. Levels of consciousness. Conscious Thoughts and feelings we are aware of Preconscious Thoughts and memories we are not currently thinking about - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Sigmund Freud

Sigmund FreudIdentity

Learning TargetExplain Freuds theory of the mind and how it contributes to anxiety.Theory of the MindBodies of mindIdPresent at birthFound in the unconscious mindFounded in basic sexual and aggression drivesOperates on the pleasure principleEgoMediatorOperates on the reality principle: good and reasonSuperegoIdeals and standards we learn from growing up in societyWhat we should doToo strong=guilt, Too weak=impulsiveLevels of consciousnessConsciousThoughts and feelings we are aware ofPreconsciousThoughts and memories we are not currently thinking aboutBut are easily retrievedUnconsciousUnacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memoriesThings we cant accessBecome exposed in dreams, hypnosis, free association, and Freudian slips

Defense MechanismsConflict between the id and superego causes anxietyEgo utilizes unconscious defense mechanisms to relieve tensionSeven Defense MechanismsRepressionRegressionDenialReactionProjectionRationalizationDisplacement

Learning TargetExplain the seven Freudian defense mechanisms and be able to identify the characteristics of each in order to apply them to individuals and scenarios.Repression (intermediate)What is it: Unconscious burying of unpleasant information into the unconscious to protect the egoGoal of psychoanalysis is to bring repressed info to the surfaceCharacteristics of repressors: Fewer personal memoriesHigh level of arousal to emotional situationsSimple and non-specific memoriesEngage in impulsive/immature behavior

Regression (immature)What is it: Retreating to a more comfortable stageCharacteristics:ImmatureChildishExamples?

DenialWhat is it: Refusing to admit that something unpleasant is happeningRefusing to recognize the unpleasant emotions associated with the eventExamples??

Reaction FormationWhat is it: Expressing the opposite (and usually exaggerated) feeling of the anxiety producing emotionCharacteristicsGullibleStrong desire to be loved or likedHigh moral standardsExamples??

RationalizationWhat is it: Justifying anxiety producing behaviorSimilar to IntellectualizationWhat is it: removing the emotion from the situation.KISS: thinking about something in a cold and critical wayCharacteristicsRationalObsessiveExamples??

Displacement (intermediate)What is it: Attacking an item that comes to symbolize the cause of anxietyKISS: acting out on something or moving the feelings to a safer targetCharacteristicsAggressiveExamples

Projection (Immature)What is it: Putting your feelings on othersKISS: Thinking someone has your feelingsExamples??

Mature Defense Mechanisms: coping strategiesHumorSublimation: channeling impulses into socially acceptable behaviorSuppression: consciously trying to stop thinking about somethingAltruism: civil service that brings personal satisfaction SourceExit TicketBased on your information of defense mechanisms, write a two paragraph reflection on your personal defense mechanism assessment.

Paragraph One: What results would you expect before you took the assessment. Do you think you had high anxiety: why/why not. What mechanisms do you think you would use to handle anxiety: why?

Paragraph Two: Explain the results you obtained: why do you think you scored the way you didcan you rationalize it? Are there any points of confusion or things you disagree with? Why did the results turn out or not turn out as you expected.Do NowAnswer the following two questions in your notebook:

-What is repression and why do we use it?

-When over the course of an individuals life does the ego, superego, and id emerge?

Learning TargetDescribe the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stage of psychosexual development and identify individuals stuck in each stage.

Freuds Stages of Personality DevelopmentPersonality is set by age seven!Problems in adults come from poorly resolved conflicts during childhoodWho else discussed conflict during childhood as a foundation for later issues???In each stage the id focuses on a different part of the body

Oral StageAge: 1-18 monthsFocusPleasure Center: mouthBehaviors: Sucking, biting, chewingConflictWeaningFailure: Oral FixationGum chewing, fingernail biting, smokingEmotional Dependence

Anal StageAge: 18-36 monthsFocusPleasure Center: bowel and bladder functionBehaviors: Controlling bowel and bladder functionConflict: Potty TrainingFailure: anal fixationDominatingRequires things neat and perfect; too much control (inverse is not enough control, messy)

Phallic StageAge: 3-6 yearsFocusPleasure Center: GenitalsBehaviors: coping with incestuous feelingsConflict: Oedipus ConflictLove for their mothers and hatred, fear, or jealousy of the fatherFear punishment from the fatherViews father as competitionOther psychoanalytic psychologists propose an Electra ComplexFixation: obsession with phallic objects and emotional power

Latency StageAge: 6-PubertyFocusDormant sexual feelingsConflict: Repress feelings towards rival parent; identification processChildren now view the same sex parent as a role modelgender identityWhat defense mechanism does this remind you of?

Genital StageAge: Puberty onFocus: maturation of sexual interestsMature sexual relationships

Exit TicketAnswer the following questions on a sheet of white lined paper: turn it in to leave-List each stage and the corresponding age in the correct order.-Describe three individuals: one is stuck at the oral stage, one the anal stage, and one the latency stage.

HOMEWORK-DUE TOMORROW 11/13Finish your defense mechanisms paragraphs.

Do NowTake out your defense mechanisms prompt. Put your name on it and have it ready to pass forward when asked.

Answer the following questions in your notebook-What Freudian stage of development would a potty training three year old be in?-If this child did not successfully resolve the conflicts of this stage, what behaviors would they exhibit later in life?-What are several techniques of psychoanalysis (hint use your biography and movie notes)

Learning TargetExplain the principles of Freuds theory of dream analysis Apply this theory to a dream scenario in the psychoanalytical stage of development

Why Do We DreamWish fulfillmentGratification of unconscious desires and needsManifest Content: Surface storyLatent Content: Disguised psychological meaning TicketAnswer the following question in your notebook

-How did Freud apply his theory of dream analysis to hysterical patients

-What do you believe to be true about the theory of dreams, what do you believe to be false. Why?

Freuds Interpretation of Dreams: Learning TargetGive one reason why we dream.Explain Freuds theory of dream analysis and apply this theory to dreams.

Some Freudian TechniquesCondensation: Different ideas come together, so one symbol has multiple meanings

Some Freudian TechniquesDisplacement: Replacing a disturbing or unacceptable desire/image/idea with something acceptable

Some Freudian TechniquesRepresentation: Process where thoughts are converted into visual images

Some Freudian TechniquesSymbolization: Neutral objects represent something unacceptable or unappealing (Freud most often believed symbols stood in for aspects of sexual life or people connected to it)

Some Freudian TechniquesRationalization: Reorganization of dreams into a logical order

Socratic SeminarDialogue versus debateListens to understand versus listen to find flawsOpen-minded versus searching for an answerIf you cant hear let us knowAsk questionsR.e.s.p.e.c.t.No hands, but avoid talking over each otherAdd to your notes!Inner circle=speak and write, out circle=write

Rank Order the Words (1-4)Which word best fits with Freud and his Interpretation of DreamsWisdomLoveSoulExperienceTruth

Socratic Seminar-Do NowUsing your exit ticket responses, discuss with the classmate behind you what you felt was true and what was false.

ReflectionAnswer the following questions on a sheet of white lined paper

How did you feel about the Socratic Seminar? Like it, didnt like it? What was good, what was bad? WhyHow is your opinion of Freud different?What value can we take from Freuds teachings?Dream PromptUsing the dream journal you have been working on:

-Describe the manifest content of one of your dreams-Describe the latent content of one of your dreams based on Freudian principles (symbols, hopes/wishes, and unfulfilled life events)-Do you buy it; why or why not

(Response should be formed in three, five+ sentence paragraphs) If you have to consult any sources for the latent content cite these sources!

Neo-Freudians Learning TargetList and describe the Neo-Freudians Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and Karen HorneyCompare and contrast Freud and these three Neo-Freudians.Describe the impact of Freud on modern psychology.

Learning TargetExplain the contribution of the contemporary psychoanalytical psychologists Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and Karen Horney

Evaluate the truth and value of psychoanalytic psychology