shafiq nio

Post on 29-May-2018

218 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    1/30

    NATIONAL INSTITUTE

    OF

    OCEANOGRAPHY

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    2/30

    SCHEME OF PRESENTATIONSCHEME OF PRESENTATION

    IntroductionIntroduction ResponsibilityResponsibility--National Maritime PolicyNational Maritime Policy Important Oceanic PhenomenaImportant Oceanic Phenomena

    Services Offered by NIOServices Offered by NIO Departments in NIODepartments in NIO JournalJournal

    ProjectsProjects ConclusionConclusion ReferencesReferences

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    3/30

    INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION

    AutonomousAutonomous bodybody establishedestablished inin 19811981 atat KarachiKarachi

    AlsoAlso hashas aa researchresearch stationstation atat GwadarGwadar CoastCoast

    ResearchResearch areaarea -- NorthNorth ArabianArabian SeaSea andand beyondbeyond ScopeScope extendsextends fromfrom atmosphereatmosphere toto oceanocean floorfloor &&

    oceanocean bedbed

    3030 scientistsscientists && 3939 supportsupport staffstaff

    AccessAccess toto ResearchResearch VesselVessel "BEHR"BEHR PAIMAPAIMA

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    4/30

    NIONIO DEVELOPMENTDEVELOPMENT COMPONENTSCOMPONENTS

    ProfessionalProfessional && technicaltechnical manpowermanpower DevelopmentDevelopment

    DevelopmentDevelopment ofof institutionalinstitutional capabilitycapability

    ManagementManagement capabilitycapability forfor marinemarine datadataacquisitionacquisition && processingprocessing

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    5/30

    RESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESNATIONAL MARITIME POLICYNATIONAL MARITIME POLICY

    ProvideProvide technicaltechnical adviceadvice onon contaminantscontaminants andandresponsibleresponsible toto determinedetermine pollutantpollutant levelslevels

    WorkWork outout detailsdetails ofof ICZMICZM inin consultationconsultation withwithconcernedconcerned Authorities,Authorities, NGOsNGOs etcetc

    CarryCarry outout rere--evaluationevaluation // rere--assessmentassessment ofof oceansoceansrelatedrelated trainingtraining && researchresearch periodicallyperiodically

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    6/30

    IMPORTANT OCEANIC PHENOMENAIMPORTANT OCEANIC PHENOMENA

    Monsoon & climatic changeMonsoon & climatic change

    Upwelling & circulationUpwelling & circulation

    Mixing of Red Sea & Gulf WaterMixing of Red Sea & Gulf Water Indus estuary & sedimentationIndus estuary & sedimentation

    Submarine Indus ConeSubmarine Indus Cone

    Murray Fracture ZoneMurray Fracture Zone

    Makran Subduction MarginMakran Subduction Margin

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    7/30

    SERVICES OFFERED BY NIOSERVICES OFFERED BY NIO Marine Environment Protection & ConservationMarine Environment Protection & Conservation

    Environment Audit & Impacts for Coastal DevelopmentEnvironment Audit & Impacts for Coastal DevelopmentProjectsProjects

    Ecological Surveys, Water Quality Monitoring &Ecological Surveys, Water Quality Monitoring &

    AssessmentAssessment

    Environmental Sensitivity RankingEnvironmental Sensitivity Ranking

    Dispersion & fate of EffluentsDispersion & fate of Effluents

    Oil Pollution MonitoringOil Pollution Monitoring

    Heavy Metal ContaminationHeavy Metal Contamination

    Beach Protection and Seabed SurveysBeach Protection and Seabed SurveysContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    8/30

    Costal Zone ManagementCostal Zone Management

    CoastalCoastal Dynamics,Dynamics, Waves,Waves, Currents,Currents, TidalTidal LevelLevel

    MeasurementMeasurement && PredictionPrediction

    TransportTransport && DispersionDispersion Modeling,Modeling, CoastalCoastalErosionErosion && SedimentSediment TransportTransport..

    CoastalCoastal hydraulichydraulic SurveysSurveys forfor ConstructionConstruction ofofPorts,Ports, JettiesJetties && HarboursHarbours

    SERVICES OFFERED BY NIOSERVICES OFFERED BY NIO

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    9/30

    TechnicalTechnical ServicesServices && FeasibilityFeasibility forfor developmentdevelopment ofofAquacultureAquaculture

    CoastalCoastal ResourceResource Appraisal, Appraisal, CoastalCoastal ConstructionConstruction &&EnvironmentEnvironment ProtectionProtection

    OceanographicOceanographic DataData ServicesServices

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    10/30

    DEPARTMENTSDEPARTMENTS -- NIONIO

    Physical Oceanography DepartmentPhysical Oceanography Department

    Geological and Geophysics DepartmentGeological and Geophysics Department

    Chemical Oceanography & Marine EnvironmentChemical Oceanography & Marine EnvironmentDepartmentDepartment

    Biological Oceanography DepartmentBiological Oceanography Department

    Ocean Technology, Coastal Hydraulics & CoastalOcean Technology, Coastal Hydraulics & CoastalZone Management DepartmentZone Management Department

    Antarctic Research CellAntarctic Research Cell

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    11/30

    PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHYPHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

    Sea level changes & coastal water dynamicsSea level changes & coastal water dynamics

    Distribution & structure of oceanic fronts in shelfDistribution & structure of oceanic fronts in shelfseasseas

    Analysis of oceanic & tidal currentsAnalysis of oceanic & tidal currents

    Tidal predictions for ports along Pakistan CoastTidal predictions for ports along Pakistan Coast

    Spatial & temporal variations in coastal processesSpatial & temporal variations in coastal processes

    Numerical modelingNumerical modeling

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    12/30

    GEOLOGY & GEOPHYSICSGEOLOGY & GEOPHYSICS

    Geological processes & Geomorphology of coastalGeological processes & Geomorphology of coastalareasareas

    Sedimentation & Sedimentary processes in IndusSedimentation & Sedimentary processes in IndusDelta & Makran MarginDelta & Makran Margin

    GeoGeo--hazards & coastal environmenthazards & coastal environment Exploration of places for minerals / nonExploration of places for minerals / non--livingliving

    resourcesresources

    Identification / evaluation of potential areas forIdentification / evaluation of potential areas forhydrocarbon resources in EEZhydrocarbon resources in EEZ

    Study subStudy sub--bottom strata for laying cables, pipelinesbottom strata for laying cables, pipelines& building coastal / offshore structures& building coastal / offshore structures

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    13/30

    CHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHYCHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

    DynamicsDynamics ofof chemicalchemical componentscomponents inin seasea water,water,sedimentsediment && marinemarine organismsorganisms

    MonitoringMonitoring ofof heavyheavy metalmetal pollutantspollutants // chlorinatedchlorinatedhydrocarbonshydrocarbons inin coastalcoastal waterswaters

    InfluenceInfluence ofof industrialindustrial / / municipalmunicipal wastewaste waterswaters ononmarinemarine environmentenvironment

    DeterminationDetermination ofof assimilativeassimilative capacitiescapacities ofof receivingreceivingwaters,waters, developmentdevelopment ofof waterwater qualityquality criteriacriteria forfor

    coastalcoastal waterswaters aroundaround municipalmunicipal andand industrialindustrial wastewastedischargedischarge pointspoints

    EnvironmentalEnvironmental impactimpact assessmentassessment forfor coastalcoastal industryindustry

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    14/30

    BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHYBIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

    SpatialSpatial / / temporaltemporal changeschanges inin breedingbreeding patternspatterns ofofmarinemarine organismsorganisms

    PrimaryPrimary productivityproductivity inin coastalcoastal waterswaters

    FoodFood webweb // MangroveMangrove ecosystemecosystem studiesstudies EcologicalEcological problemsproblems duedue toto industrialindustrial // recreationalrecreational

    activitiesactivities

    RearingRearing techniquestechniques forfor productionproduction ofof shrimpshrimp // fishesfishes

    InventoryInventory // evaluationevaluation ofof livingliving resourcesresources

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    15/30

    OCEAN TECHNOLOGYOCEAN TECHNOLOGYCOASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENTCOASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT

    SystematicSystematic hydraulichydraulic andand hydrohydro--dynamicdynamic investigationinvestigation allallalongalong thethe coastcoast

    DataData collectioncollection onon waves,waves, tides,tides, currentscurrents andand littorallittoraltransporttransport forfor coastalcoastal protection,protection, planningplanning ofof portsports etcetc

    DevelopmentDevelopment ofof numericalnumerical modelsmodels ofof harbours,harbours, bays,bays, forforinvestigatinginvestigating tidaltidal heightsheights // andand currentcurrent effectseffects

    OccupancyOccupancy andand pathpath ofof cyclonescyclones andand effecteffect ofof stormstormsurgessurges onon thethe coastcoast areare studiedstudied forfor evaluatingevaluating shoreshoreerosion,erosion, throughthrough numericalnumerical modelsmodels..

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    16/30

    Advice Advice establishmentestablishment ofof coastalcoastal industry,industry, intakeintake waterwatersystemsystem forfor nuclearnuclear plants,plants, heavyheavy industryindustry andand drainingdraining intointothethe seasea etcetc..

    StudyStudy coastalcoastal morphologicalmorphological conditions,conditions, beachbeach profiles,profiles,coastalcoastal longlong--shoreshore forfor beachbeach stabilizationstabilization;; scalingscaling ofof

    dredgeddredged harborsharbors andand sandsand accumulationaccumulation nearnear jetties jetties //coastalcoastal structuresstructures

    DetermineDetermine suitablesuitable solutionssolutions forfor siltation,siltation, erosionerosion andandprotectionprotection problemsproblems

    DeepDeep SeaSea fishingfishing andand DeepDeep SeaSea miningmining requirerequire specialspecialtechniquestechniques ee..gg.. forfor offoff shoreshore structures,structures, pipepipe--lines,lines,submarinesubmarine cablescables etc,etc, toto operateoperate thethe specializedspecialized geargear..

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    17/30

    ANTARCTIC RESEARCH CELLANTARCTIC RESEARCH CELL

    GlobalGlobal significancesignificance forfor influencinginfluencing globalglobal weather,weather,potentialpotential forfor hugehuge nonnon--livingliving / / livingliving resourcesresourcesandand naturalnatural laboratorylaboratory forfor scientificscientific researchresearch

    PakistanPakistan launchedlaunched twotwo expeditionsexpeditions && collectedcollectedusefuluseful environmentalenvironmental // oceanographicoceanographic datadata

    PakistanPakistan isis maintainingmaintaining twotwo summersummer researchresearchstationsstations && oneone weatherweather observatoryobservatory

    PlanningPlanning toto buildbuild aa fullfull fledgedfledged permanentpermanent basebase

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    18/30

    PolarPolar ResearchResearch CellCell isis establishedestablished withinwithin NationalNational InstituteInstitute

    ofof OceanographyOceanography toto runrun AntarcticAntarctic researchresearch programmeprogramme

    MainMain objectivesobjectives ofof PakistanPakistan AntarcticAntarctic programmeprogramme includeinclude::

    UndertakeUndertake multimulti--disciplinarydisciplinary researchresearch // surveysurvey inin geology,geology,geophysics,geophysics, environmentalenvironmental researchresearch andand oceanographyoceanography

    ParticipateParticipate inin internationalinternational scientificscientific programmesprogrammes

    ProvideProvide relevantrelevant technicaltechnical informationinformation toto GovtGovt ofof PakistanPakistanonon AntarcticAntarctic affairsaffairs

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    19/30

    JOURNALJOURNAL

    PublishesPublishes PakistanPakistan JournalJournal ofof Oceanography,Oceanography, aa biannualbiannualjournaljournal inin EnglishEnglish

    PublishesPublishes originaloriginal researchresearch paperspapers onon allall aspectsaspects ofofoceanographyoceanography including,including, physical,physical, chemical,chemical, biological,biological,

    geophysical,geophysical, geologicalgeological etcetc..

    ProminentProminent oceanographersoceanographers areare alsoalso invitedinvited toto contributecontributetheirtheir experienceexperience oror researchresearch

    OccasionallyOccasionally devoteddevoted toto collectionscollections ofof paperspapers &&exceptionalexceptional conferenceconference proceedingsproceedings

    JournalJournal isis openopen toto allall oceanographersoceanographers ofof thethe worldworld

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    20/30

    INTERNATIONAL PROJECTSINTERNATIONAL PROJECTS

    PakPak--USUS cooperativecooperative programmeprogramme inin oceanographyoceanography ofofArabianArabian SeaSea

    InfluenceInfluence ofof oxygenoxygen minimumminimum onon geochemistrygeochemistry ofofArabianArabian SeaSea SedimentsSediments (PAKOMIN)(PAKOMIN) -- GermanyGermany

    SurveySurvey ofof MalanMalan IslandIsland (off(off Makran)Makran) -- GermanyGermany

    MakranMakran AccretionaryAccretionary wedgewedge offoff--Pakistan,Pakistan, TectonicTectonicevolutionevolution -- GermanyGermany

    MarineMarine researchresearch programmeprogramme "CHAMAK"CHAMAK--WINMO"WINMO" --FranceFrance

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    21/30

    PROJECTS IN PROGRESSPROJECTS IN PROGRESS

    ShortShort TermTerm ImpactImpact AssessmentAssessment ProgrammeProgramme forfor TasmanTasman SpiritSpiritOilOil SpillSpill -- PhasePhase 11

    HydraulicHydraulic // hydrodynamichydrodynamic studystudy ofof BundalBundal IslandIsland

    AcquisitionAcquisition ofof oceanographicoceanographic researchresearch vesselvessel

    ExtensionExtension ofof ContinentalContinental ShelfShelf ofof PakistanPakistan fromfrom 200200 NMNM toto350350 NMNM

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    22/30

    StrengtheningStrengthening NIONIO forfor OceanOcean Technology,Technology, CoastalCoastal ZoneZone

    ManagementManagement andand RemoteRemote SensingSensing

    ImpactImpact ofof OilOil SpillSpill && BioBio--remedialremedial measuresmeasures onon marinemarineenvironmentenvironment alongalong CliftonClifton BeachBeach // adjoiningadjoining areasareas

    EstablishmentEstablishment ofof multimulti--purposepurpose crustaceancrustacean hatcheryhatchery andandjumbojumbo shrimpshrimp farmingfarming

    PakPak--EPAEPA MarineMarine WaterWater PollutionPollution MonitoringMonitoring CenterCenter atat NIONIO

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    23/30

    PROJECTS COMPLETEDPROJECTS COMPLETED

    StudyStudy ofof heavyheavy metalmetal pollutionpollution level,level, itsits impactimpact onon FaunaFauna &&FloraFlora ofof KarachiKarachi // GwadarGwadar coastscoasts -- WWFWWF PakistanPakistan

    Assessment Assessment ofof organicorganic pollutantspollutants inin marinemarine environmentenvironment ofofKarachiKarachi && adjoiningadjoining creekscreeks ofof IndusIndus DeltaDelta -- PesticidePesticide ActionActionNetworkNetwork NorthNorth AmericaAmerica && GlobalGlobal GreenGreen FundFund

    PreliminaryPreliminary assessmentassessment ofof pesticidespesticides // DDTDDT contaminationcontamination ininmarinemarine environmentenvironment ofof KarachiKarachi && adjoiningadjoining GizriGizri / / KorangiKorangiCreeksCreeks -- WWFWWF PakistanPakistan

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    24/30

    BedBed LevelLevel surveysurvey ofof ShahShah SamandoSamando CreekCreek --WAPDAWAPDA

    BiodiversityBiodiversity ofof planktonicplanktonic stagesstages ofof fishfish inin twotwomajormajor IndusIndus DeltaDelta CreeksCreeks -- WWFWWF PakistanPakistan

    HydraulicHydraulic MonitoringMonitoring ofof TidalTidal LinkLink DrainDrain -- WAPDAWAPDA

    FeasibilityFeasibility studystudy toto restorerestore andand developdevelop BundalBundalandand KhiprianwalaKhiprianwala IslandsIslands -- DHADHA

    ImpactImpact assessmentassessment ofof CycloneCyclone 22A A onon coastalcoastalenvironmentenvironment ofof ThattaThatta // BadinBadin -- WWFWWF PakistanPakistan

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    25/30

    StudyStudy ofof riskrisk assessmentassessment ofof cyclonecyclone // stormstormsurgessurges onon ICIICI PlantPlant inin PortPort QasimQasim -- HeglerHegler BailyBaily(Pvt)(Pvt) LtdLtd

    ImpactImpact assessmentassessment studystudy onon coastalcoastal zones,zones, seasealevellevel riserise / / monsoonmonsoon variationsvariations -- PakistanPakistanNationalNational CommunicationCommunication

    HydrodynamicsHydrodynamics / / hydraulichydraulic studystudy ofof BundalBundalIslandIsland -- PNPN

    HydrographicHydrographic / / environmentalenvironmental surveysurvey forfor 206206MWMW SteamSteam TurbineTurbine PlantPlant atat Gadani,Gadani, BalochistanBalochistan-- M/SM/S Star/ABBStar/ABB EnergyEnergy VentureVenture LimitedLimited

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    26/30

    HydrographicHydrographic surveysurvey forfor 134134 MWMW BargeBarge MountedMounted PowerPowerStationStation atat KorangiKorangi CreekCreek -- M/SM/S FarFar EastEast LevingstonLevingstonShipbuildingShipbuilding Limited,Limited, SingaporeSingapore

    MarineMarine outfalloutfall studystudy forfor KarachiKarachi sewagesewage disposaldisposal -- AsianAsianDevelopmentDevelopment Bank,Bank, Manila,Manila, PhillippinesPhillippines forfor KWKW && SBSB

    HydrographicHydrographic surveysurvey // hydraulichydraulic investigationinvestigation forfor feasibilityfeasibilitystudystudy ofof 350350 MWMW FEPCOFEPCO OilOil FiredFired PowerPower StationStation atat KhalifaKhalifaPoint,Point, Hub,Hub, BalochistanBalochistan -- M/SM/S FaujiFauji FoundationFoundation

    CirculationCirculation dynamicsdynamics ofof NearNear shoreshore waterswaters Hub,Hub,BalochistanBalochistan -- M/SM/S INTEGINTEG InternationalInternational

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    27/30

    TopographicTopographic // hydrographichydrographic surveysurvey forfor CoalCoal FiredFiredPowerPower PlantPlant ProjectProject atat GadaniGadani -- WAPDAWAPDA

    HydrographicHydrographic / / oceanographicoceanographic surveysurvey forfor PasniPasniFishFish HarbourHarbour -- EngineeringEngineering Consultant,Consultant, KarachiKarachi

    FeasibilityFeasibility studiesstudies forfor extractionextraction ofof energyenergy fromfromcurrentcurrent andand haliohydrogravityhaliohydrogravity alongalong PakistanPakistanCoastCoast -- PakistanPakistan ScienceScience Foundation,Foundation, IslamabadIslamabad

    HydraulicHydraulic monitoringmonitoring inin ShahShah SamandoSamando Creek,Creek,IndusIndus DeltaDelta

    ContdContd

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    28/30

    StudyStudy ofof effluentseffluents effectseffects fromfrom PakistanPakistan SteelSteel onon creekcreekenvironmentenvironment

    StudyStudy // controlcontrol ofof marinemarine befoulingbefouling problemproblem atat seawaterseawatersupplysupply // coolingcooling systemsystem ofof PakistanPakistan SteelSteel

    FeasibilityFeasibility studystudy forfor marinemarine outfalloutfall forfor disposaldisposal ofof sewagesewage //wastewaste waterswaters ofof KarachiKarachi citycity

    HydraulicHydraulic / / hydrodynamichydrodynamic studystudy forfor reclamationreclamation //developmentdevelopment ofof BundalBundal IslandIsland

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    29/30

    CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION

    ExpansionExpansion ofof NIONIO toto optimallyoptimally toto exploitexploitoceanographicoceanographic resourcesresources

    GraduateGraduate / / PostPost--GraduateGraduate coursescourses shouldshould bebeconductedconducted underunder BahriaBahria UniversityUniversity

    SpecificSpecific researchresearch vesselsvessels shouldshould bebe acquiredacquired forforresearchresearch // forfor highhigh seasseas watchwatch

  • 8/8/2019 Shafiq NIO

    30/30

    REFERENCESREFERENCES

    OfficialOfficial websitewebsite ofof MinistryMinistry ofof ScienceScience && TechnologyTechnology((wwwwww..mostmost..govgov..pkpk))

    OfficialOfficial websitewebsite ofof NationalNational InstituteInstitute ofof OceanographyOceanography

    ((wwwwww..niopkniopk..govgov..pkpk))

    NationalNational MaritimeMaritime PolicyPolicy ofof PakistanPakistan 20022002

    OfficialOfficial websitewebsite ofof NationalNational OceanographyOceanography CenterCenter(www(www..nocnoc..acac..uk)uk)