Seventy-Eighth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization (To December 1951)

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  • Seventy-Eighth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of theHistory of Civilization (To December 1951)Author(s): George Sarton and Frances SiegelSource: Isis, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Jul., 1952), pp. 128-208Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: .Accessed: 08/05/2014 21:17

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  • Seventy-eighth Critical Bibliography of the

    History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization

    (to December 195 I)

    The lastest Critical Bibliography to appear was the Seventy-seventh which was published in Isis 42, p. 309-95 (Febr. I952).

    This seventy-eighth bibliography contains about I300 items. They have been kindly con- tributed by the I2 following scholars:

    C. W. Adams (London) I. B. Cohen (Cambridge, Mass.) E. Farber (Washington, D. C.) Frans Jonckheere (Brussels) C. D. Leake (Galveston, Texas) W. D. Miles (Cambridge, Mass.) M. F. A. Montagu (Princeton, N. J.) J. Pelseneer (Brussels) E. Rosen (New York City) G. Sarton (Cambridge, Mass.) S. S. Wohl (New York City) C. Zirkle (Philadelphia)

    The purpose, method and classification of this bibliography were explained in volume 41, p. 29I-98, i950. The classification was devised to satisfy the needs of historians of science in gen- eral, rather than those of historians of particular sciences. For example, a student of the history of physiology will find only a few of the physio- logical items under the heading 36. Physiology. Studies devoted to definite physiologists would be found in the corresponding chronological sec- tions of Part I, and those devoted to, say, Hindu physiology in section 9. India, of Part II. It would not take him very long, however, to glance through the whole bibliography and mark with a pencil the items pertinent to his own investiga- tions. No method of classification can satisfy immediately every need, but we believe that ours is sufficiently clear to be of use to every scholar willing to take the few necessary pains.

    Warning- Offprints of articles are often re- ceived in this office which contain no indication of source (journal or volume) from which they were extracted, or date of publication. Such articles will no longer be listed in Isis, for it is better not to publish bibliographic notes than to publish incomplete ones.

    I entreat the authors of relevant books and papers to send me copies of them as promptly as possible in order that their studies may be

    registered in this bibliography and eventually reviewed and discussed. By so doing they will not simply help me and every other historian of science, but they will help themselves in the best manner.

    Most of the notes were selected by me. They were typed by Miss Frances Siegel.


    28 January I952 Widener Library I85 Cambridge 38, Mass.

    Part I

    Fundamental Classification Centurial

    6th CENTURY B.C.

    KRAMERS, R. P. K'ung Tzui Chia Yii, the school sayings of Confucius. Translation of sections i-iO with critical notes. 406 p. (Sinica Leidensia, 7). Leiden: Brill, 1950. Reviewed by W. Eberhard, Oriens 4, 142-45,

    '95I. OSWIECIMSKI, STEFAN. Thales, the ancient

    ideal of a scientist. Charisteria Thaddaeo Sinko quinquaginta abhinc annos amplissimis in philosophia honoribus ornato ab amicis collegis discipulis oblata, 229-53, Varsaviae '95I.

    5th CENTURY B.C.

    GRUBE, G. M. A. Antisthenes was no logician. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 8i, I6-27, 1950.

    KEIL, HARRY. The louse in Greek antiquity, with comments on the diagnosis of the Athe- nian plague as recorded by Thucydides. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 25, 305-23,


    KRANZ, WALTHER. Empedokles, antike Ge- stalt und romantische Neuschoepfung. 392 P., 5 pls. Zurich: Artemis-Verlag, 1949.


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  • 5th Century B.C. - ist Century B.C. I29 LESKY, ERNA. Zur Lithiasis-Beschreibung in

    De aere aquis locis. Wiener Studien 63, 69-83, I948.

    SANTILLANA, GEORGE DE; PITTS, WAL- TER. Philolaos in Limbo, or: What happened to the Pythagoreans? Isis 42, I12-20, 1951.

    4th CENTURY B.C. - whole and first half

    CHERNISS, HAROLD. Plato as mathematician. Review of Metaphysics 4, 395-425, 195I.

    DE STRYCKER, EMILE. Trois points obscurs de terminologie mathematique chez Platon. Revue des itudes grecques 63, 43-57, 3 figs., 1950.

    MUGLER, CHARLES. Platon et la recherche mathematique de son epoque. xxviii?427 p. Strasbourg: Heitz, 1948.

    Introduction. I. Les fondements. 2. La similitude. 3. L'economie. 4. L'infini. 5. La methode. 6. L'in- terrogation du Menon. Conclusion. Index.

    SINCLAIR, T. A. Class distinction in medical practice: a piece of ancient evidence. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 25, 386-87, I951.

    Apropos of Plato's Laws (IV, 720, IX 857).

    XENOPHON. De l'art equestre. Texte et tra- duction avec une introduction et des notes par Edouard Delebecque. 195 p. (Annales de l'Universitt de Lyon, fac. x8.) Paris: SociUt6 d'Edition Les Belles Lettres, 1950. This new edition (with French translation) of

    De re equestri is largely deriv'ed from that of F. Ruehl (opera minora 2, 1912), but the editor had added many annotations concerning hippical facts. Xenophon was deeply interested in horses and re- ferred to them in most of his books, not only in the two chiefly devoted to cavalry (Hipparchos and Hippiche). Both books were written late in life. Delebecque has added an edition and translation of the only remaining chapter of a somewhat earlier Greek text on the same subject by Simon of Athens. The Greek horsemen used spurs, bits, bridles and a kind of saddle but no stirrups; their horses were not shod. The book ends with a bibliography of Greek hippology and a glossary. G. S.

    4th CENTURY B.C. - second halt

    [ARISTOTLE]. Aristotle's De anima in the version of William of Moerbeke and the com- mentary of St Thomas Aquinas. Translated by Kenelm Foster and Silvester Humphries. With an introduction by Ivo Thomas. 504 p. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1951. $6.50. The idea of publishing a new translation of De

    anima together with St Thomas' commentary is excellent. This has been done very well by a group of Dominican scholars, the Fathers Foster, Hum- phries, and Thomas. The text of De anima is trans- lated into English for the first time from the Latin version of the Flemish Dominican, Willem of Moerbeke (XIII-2), who made it from the Greet (revising an earlier translation from the Arabic) St Thomas completed his anti-Averroistic commen tary in I27I. It is curious to compare this version of the De anima with the one included in the Oxford

    English Aristotle by J. A. Smith (I931). Reference to the Greek text is facilitated by the Bekker pagina- tion. Elaborate index. G. S.

    BROWN, TRUESDELL S. Onesicritus: a study in Hellenistic historiography. viii+I96 p. (University of California Publications in His- tory, 39.) Berkeley: University of California Press, 1949.

    HAMBURGER, MAX. Morals and law. The growth of Aristotle's legal theory. xxii+i9i p. New Haven, Yale University Press, i95i. $3.75- Elaborate study the conclusion of which reads:

    "There is a perfect harmony between Aristotle's ethical, legal, and political theory-the theory of the right mean is the basis; philia, social sympathy, is the life force; equity, fairness, reasonableness, and humaneness the leitmotiv; and well-being, i.e., hu- man happiness and perfection, the supreme end."

    MOGENET, JOSEPH. Autolycus de Pitane. Histoire du texte suivie de l'&lition critique des trait6s de la sph6re en mouvement et des levers et couchers. 336 p. (Universit# de Louvain, Recueil de Travaux d'Histoire et de Philologie, fasc. 37.) Louvain: Biblioth6que de l'Universite, 1950. Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis 42, 147, 1951.

    STERNBACH, LUDWIK. Legal position of prostitutes according to Kautilya's Arthasastra. Journal of the American Orientai Society 7I, 25-60, I951.

    3rd CENTURY B.C. - whole and first half

    FRAJESE, ATTILIO. Sur la signification des postulats euclidiens. Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences 30, 383-92, I951.

    MEI, Y. P. (translator). Hsisn-tzu on terminol- ogy. Philosophy East and West z, 5I-66, I95I. Chinese text and English translation of Book 22

    on the correct use of terminology. G. S.

    2nd CENTURY B.C. -whole and first half

    MAUNY, RAYMOND. Autour d'un texte bien controverse: le "p6riple" de Polybe (146 Av. J.-C.). Hesp&ris, tome 36, 47-67, 1949.

    Apropos of the fragments very badly preserved by Pliny in his Natural History (V, lo).

    1st CENTURY B.C. whole and first half

    CICERO, MARCUS TULLIUS. Brutus: On the nature of the gods; on divination; on duties. Translated by Hubert M. Poteat. With an introduction by Richard McKeon. 66i p. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1950. Reviewed by Mark Graubard, Isis 42, 5I, 1951.

    SINGER, CHARLES. An early parallel to the Hippocratic Oath. Gesnerus 8, I77-80, 1951. Apropos of the inscription to the goddess Agdistis

    in the temple dedicated to her in Philadelphia, Lydia, c. I00 B.C.

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  • I O ist Century B.C. - sth Century

    1st CENTURY B.C. - second half

    PARIS, PIERRE. Note sur deux passages de Strabon et de Pline dont l'interet n'est pas seulement nautique. Journal Asiatique 239, I3-27, I95I.

    1st CENTURY - second half

    BALL, SYDNEY H. (I877-I949). Roman book on precious stones. Including an English mod- ernization of the 37th Booke of the Historie of the World by Plinius Secundus. xii+338 p. Los Angeles: Qemological Institute of America, I950.

    Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis 42, 52, 195I.

    BRANDON, S. G. F. The fall of Jerusalem and the Christian church. A study of the effects of the Jewish overthrow of A.D. 7o on Chris- tianity. 284 p. London, S.P.C.K., I95I.

    2nd CENTURY - whole and first half

    THOUVENOT, R. Le g6ographe Ptol6m6e et la route du Sous. Hesp6ris 33, 373-84, 2 figs., I946.

    2nd CENTURY second half

    BARON, HANS. Aulius Gellius in the Renais- sance and a manuscript from the School of Guarino. Studies in Philology 48, 107-25, 1951.

    CASSON, LIONEL. The Isis and her voyage. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 8, 43-56, 3 figs., 1950. "'Lucian in his Navigium has described one of the

    great Roman grain ships and given an account of one of its voyages. His remarks are to be found in all the classical handbooks for, along with the record of St Paul's famous voyage, they form the only in- timate glimpse preserved for us of that mainstay of Rome's economic life, the fleet that transported Egyptian grain from Alexandria to Rome. Yet no one has ever taken up compass and chart and studied the vessel's journey." The author discusses the route followed by the grain ships and the reasons why this route was taken. The Isis was a ship of I200 to 1300 tons. G. S.

    FARQUHARSON, ARTHUR SPENCER LOAT. Marcus Aurelius, his life and his world. Edited by D. A. Rees: i6o p. New York: Salloch, 1951. A study of the Roman emperor whose philosophy

    of stoicism was embodied in his "Meditations." This edition is a posthumously published and somewhat revised version of a life of Marcus Aurelius written in I928, but never put into final form by the author.

    S. S. W.

    LANTSCHOOT, ARN. vAN. A propos du Physi- ologus. Coptic studies in honor of Walter Ewing Crum, 339-63, 1950.

    PEQUIGNOT, H.; GU]tNIOT, Y. Apulee et 1'euthanasie. Medecine de France no. 20, II- i6, Paris, 1951. F. J.

    TEMKIN, OWSEI. On Galen's pneumatology. Gesnerses 8, I80-89, I95I.

    WOLFSON, HARRY A. Clement of Alexandria on the generation of the logos. Church History 20, 3-I2, I95I.

    3rd CENTURY - second half MOGENET, JOSEPH. La division selon Pappus

    d'Alexandrie. Bulletin de la Cl. des Lettres, Acade'mie royale de Belgique, 37, I6-23, I95I.

    NOBEL, JOHANNES. Ein alter medizinischer Sanskrit-Text und seine Deutung. Supplement to the Journal of the American Oriental So- ciety no. II, 35 p., July-Sept., I95I. Apropos of chapter i 6 Vyadhiprasamana (healing

    of diseases) of the Suvarnaprabhasasiitra, which diverges on many points from the classical Hindu medicine. It dates from c. 300 A.D. The two Chinese translators have tried to harmonize it with Buddhist medical ideas (Introd. 3, 262). G. S.

    4th CENTURY - whole and first half

    BOAS, GEORGE. The hieroglyphics of Hora- pollo, translated. 134 p., 1o ills. (Bollingen series, 23.) New York: Pantheon Books, I950.

    5th CENTURY - whole and first half

    BIELER, LUDWIG. The life and legend of St Patrick: problems of modem scholarship. 144 p. Dublin: Clonmore and Reynolds, 1949. Reviewed by Massey H. Shepherd, Jr., Speculum

    26, 489-go, I95I.

    DRABKIN, ISRAEL E. (editor and translator). Caelius Aurelianus. On acute diseases and on chronic diseases. xxvi+vii+ioi9 p. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1950. Review by George Sarton and note by I. E.

    Drabkin, Isis 42, I 95 I.

    GREEN, WILLIAM M. Augustine's use of Punic. Semitic and Oriental Studies Presented to William Popper, 179-90, Berkeley, Calif., 1951.

    LAIGNEL-LAVASTINE, DR. Le role de 1'hre'sie de Nestorius dans les relations m&di- cales entre l'Orient et l'Occident. Archives- internationales d'histoire des sciences 30, 63-72s 195'.

    LEVI DELLA VIDA, G. La traduzione araba delle storie di Orosio. Miscellanea G. Galbiati 3, I85-203 (Fontes Ambrosiani, 27), Milano: Biblioteca Ambrosiana, I95I. It has often been told that the emperor Constan-

    tinos VII gave to 'Abd al-Rahman III of Cordova in 948/9 a MS of Dioscorides (Introd. I, 68o); it is not so well known that he gave him also at the same time the book of Horiisyiis, that is, Orosius' history, suggesting that the caliph could easily find around...


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