seminar (30min) topic students 16.05.2014 cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · seminar (30min)...

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Seminar (30 min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri 23.05.2014 Photoresist / Coating techniques Mohammad Tollabi Mazraehno 30.05.2014 Alternative lithographic techniques/ Double Patterning Malte Plidschun, Oliver Heinsohn Dominik Kuehn 6.06.2014 AFM Shiva Mohammadzadeh 27.06.2014 Integrated Optics KishoreKumar Mariappan 04.07.2014 Diamond Turning Techniques Metamaterials ArstanBisianov

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Page 1: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Seminar (30 min) Topic Students

16.05.2014 Cleaning techniques Pooya Aminjavaheri

23.05.2014 Photoresist / Coating

techniques

Mohammad Tollabi

Mazraehno

30.05.2014 Alternative lithographic

techniques/ Double

Patterning

Malte Plidschun, Oliver

Heinsohn

Dominik Kuehn

6.06.2014 AFM Shiva Mohammadzadeh

27.06.2014 Integrated Optics Kishore Kumar

Mariappan

04.07.2014 Diamond Turning

Techniques

Metamaterials

Arstan Bisianov

Page 2: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Cleaning techniques

• Clean room/ Clean room apparel

• Types and sources of

contamination

• Substrates for microoptics

• Cleaning methods: wet and dry

• Standard wet cleaning- RCA

• Ultrasonic cleaning

• Plasma Ashing

• Cleaning after the

fabrication?

Page 3: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Photoresist

• Photoresists Type (Positive, Negative)

• Photoresists Structure ( Resin, Solvent, Photoactive compound)

• Photoresists processing

• Chemistry of photoresist

• Optical processes in photoresist (Dill parameters)

• Backing processes

• Performances of photoresist

Page 4: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Spin Coating

syringe

dispensed fluid

vacuum chuck

wafer

Spin

parameter

settings

• Equipment Schematic

• Basic Physics/ model of

the process

• Common Spin Coating

Defects

Viscous ForceCentrifugal

Force

Page 5: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

•Extreme ultraviolet lithography

• Double patterning

• Maskless lithography

• X-ray lithography

•Ion-projection Lithography (IPL)

• Charged-particle lithography

• Neutral Particle Lithography

• Nanoimprint lithography

• Scanning probe lithography

• Atomic Force Microscopic Nanolithography

• Magnetolithography

Nanosphere lithography

Top-Down Approach Bottom-Up Approach

Alternative lithographic techniques

Page 6: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

double exposure lithography (DEL)

Double Patterning

depending on whether the resist is developed once or twice

double patterning lithography (DPL),

• Dual-tone photoresist

• Dual-Tone Development

• Self-aligned spacer

• Double/Multiple exposure

• Double Expose, Double Etch (mesas)

• Double Expose, Double Etch (trenches)

• Multiple patterning - the ultimate

resolution

Page 7: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

AFM (Atomic Force Microscope)

• How AFM works

• Kind of forces involved in the

afm

• Different types of

operation(contact; non

contact; tapping)

• The use of AFM in Microoptics

Sidewall

roughness

and

profiles

Linewidth variability

Depth

Sidewall

angles

Bottom CD

Middle CD

Top CD

Standard tip

Page 8: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Integrated Optics

• Advantages (small size, low power consumption;

Efficiency and reliability of batch fabrication…)

• Waveguide

• Optical components ( interferometer, prisma

coupling, grating coupling,….)

• Photonic crystal

Page 9: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Diamond machining of micro-optical components and structures

• Methods employed in producing

microstructure optics:Diamond Turning (DT)

Diamond milling

Diamond shaping

Raster cutting

Slow Slide Servo (SSS) and Fast Tool Servo (FTS)

• Requirements for microoptics

Page 10: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Turning Endmill cutting Fly-cuttingThin-film turning

100 µm 50 µm 500 µm

1 mm

Fast-Tool turning Plunge-cutting Ball-endmill cutting Planing

100 µm 200 µm 20 µm

Fraunhofer-Institute for Production

Technology (IPT), AachenPrecision Cutting

200 µm

Tool f or con tou r-m ach inin g

R 0.5 mm

50 µm20 µm

To ol for p lun ge-cut ting

(sharp po inted)

To ol for con tou r-m achining

R 2.5 µm

A A

AA-A

Ba ll-endm ill

R 0.8 mm

En dm ill

Ø 300 µmFly-cu ttin gtool

width

120 µm

Page 11: Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques … · 2014-05-21 · Seminar (30min) Topic Students 16.05.2014 Cleaningtechniques PooyaAminjavaheri ... • Ultrasonic

Maria Oliva

[email protected]