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1

volume

Quick Reference Page

Salvage Engineers Handbook

Foreword Table of Contents List of Illustrations List of Tables Appendices Index

chapters

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Naval Architecture for the Salvage Engineer Structural Engineering Environmental Forces Surveys and Planning Stranded Ships Sunken and Capsized Ships Rigging Systems Recovering Buoyancy Weight

MENUSMain Salvage Menu

10 Explosives

1

volume

Quick Reference Page - 2

Salvage Engineers Handbook

Foreword Table of Contents List of Illustrations List of Tables Chapters Index

appendices

A B C D E F G H

Documentation Matrix Intact Ship Information Stability and Construction Standards

MENUSMain Salvage Engineering

Basic Engineering Calculations Engineers Tables Comprehensive Examples Anchoring Systems FFG-7 Class Data

S0300-A8-HBK-0100910-LP-107-7400

U.S. NAVY SALVAGE ENGINEERS HANDBOOK, VOLUME 1 (Salvage Engineering)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE AND SALE; ITS DISTRIBUTION IS UNLIMITED.

PUBLISHED BY DIRECTION OF COMMANDER, NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND

S0300-A8-HBK-010

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Date of original pages is: Original. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 May 1992 Total number of pages in this publication is 766, consisting of the following:

Page No. Title Page . . . . . . . . . . . . Title Page-2 blank . . . . . . A (List of Effective Pages) B blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . Record of Changes . . . . . . Record of Changes-2 blank Dedication . . . . . . . . . . . Dedication-2 blank . . . . . . i (Acknowledgements) . . . ii blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii (Foreword) . . . . . . . . . iv blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . v through xxiii . . . . . . . . xxiv blank . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv through xxxi . . . . . . . xxxii blank . . . . . . . . . . . xxxiii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxiv blank . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 through 1-109 . . . . . . 1-110 blank . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 through 2-66 . . . . . . . 3-1 through 3-38 . . . . . . . 4-1 through 4-24 . . . . . . . 5-1 through 5-34 . . . . . . . 6-1 through 6-13 . . . . . . . 6-14 blank . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1 through 7-72 . . . . . . . 8-1 through 8-44 . . . . . . . 9-1 through 9-16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Change No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O

Page No. 10-1 through 10-24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1 through A-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1 through B-57 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-58 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1 through C-22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1 through D-25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-26 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1 through E-21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-22 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-1 through F-35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-36 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-1 through G-36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-1 through H-16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bibliography-1 through Bibliography-14 Glossary-1 through Glossary-20 . . . . . . Index-1 through Index-20 . . . . . . . . . . Index- blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-2 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-4 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-6 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-8 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-10 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FP-12 blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Change No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O

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A (B blank)

S0300-A8-HBK-010

RECORD OF CHANGES

CHANGE NUMBER

DATE

TITLE AND/OR BRIEF DESCRIPTION

ENTERED BY

to C APTAIN C HARLES A. B ARTHOLOMEW ,

whose drive and vision defined the need and created the opportunity for the handbook, and whose experience and mentorship led the way in its crafting.

ABOUT THE AUTHORSCaptain Charles A. (Black Bart) Bartholomew was an engineer who made the Navyand salvagehis career. A graduate of the United States Navy Academy, Webb Institute of Naval Architecture, and the Navy Deep Sea Diving School at the Washington Navy Yard, he served in a number of engineering billets before assignment in 1970 to the heavy repair ship USS HECTOR during a period of significant battle-damage repair and combat support operations in southeast Asia. From there he was ordered to the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) in Washington, D.C., where is served in several offices, including that of the Supervisor of Salvage. From 1977 to 1985 he was Commanding Officer of the Naval Experimental Diving Unit, served on the Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet staff, and was Repair Officer and then Production Officer at the Long Beach, California Naval Shipyard. In 1985 Captain Bartholomew was transferred back to the nations capital and NAVSEA to serve as Director of Ocean Engineering and Supervisor of Salvage and Diving where he served until his untimely death in 1991. During his twenty-two years as a Navy diver and salvor, Captain Bartholomew participated in the salvage of sixteen ships, numerous aircraft, and the space shuttle Challenger. The "Bart" in his nickname derives in part from his surname and in part from the acronym for "Bitts And Round Turns," a common term used in seamanship.

Commander Bert Marsh was commissioned in 1975 through the NROTC program at Oregon State University and immediately attended the Navy Deep Sea Diving School at the Washington Navy Yard. He is a plank owner in the Special Operations community as a diver and salvor, having served on both ARS and ASR (salvage and submarine rescue) ships. During his earlier shipboard tours, he served as diver or salvage officer on numerous aircraft salvage operations and in several ship and small craft recoveries. As an exchange officer with the Royal Navy, Commander Marsh participated as diver, bell operator, or diving officer on the RN saturation diving vessel, making open ocean dives to 500 FSW. He then transferred to the Navy Postgraduate School where he earned an MSME and shifted to the Engineering Duty Officer community. During tours at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and NAVSEA, Commander Marsh directed salvage operations from Alaska to the Persian Gulf. His salvage experience has included submarine strandings, hydrofoil PHM salvages, oil and gasoline tanker firefighting and salvage, along with combat salvage and structural integrity evaluation of the USS PRINCETON during the Gulf War. Commander Marsh is currently serving as the Commanding Officer of the Navy Experimental Diving Unit in Panama City, Florida.

Lieutenant Commander Richard W. Hooper, a native of Baltimore, Maryland, graduated from Loyola College, Baltimore (Bachelor of Science, Chemistry and Physics) in 1980 and was subsequently commissioned through Officer Candidate School as an Engineering Duty Officer. His assignments have included Boilers Officer aboard USS INDEPENDENCE (1981-1984) and Ship Overhaul Project Officer, Drydocking Officer, and Diving Officer at