sec 2: bloodshed in kansas
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DESCRIPTIONSec 2: Bloodshed in Kansas. REVIEW: Pro-slavery vs. Anti-slavery Forces Heat-up!. After the Compromise of 1850 , Northern abolitionists continue to attack slavery. In reaction to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 , Northern States pass personal liberty laws to counteract it. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Protest, Resistance, and Violence
Sec 2: Bloodshed in Kansas
1After the Compromise of 1850, Northern abolitionists continue to attack slavery.
In reaction to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, Northern States pass personal liberty laws to counteract it.
Harriet Tubman conducts more than 300 slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Beecher Stowe writes Uncle Toms Cabin which describes the evils of slavery.REVIEW: Pro-slavery vs. Anti-slavery Forces Heat-up!
2Compromise of 1850 4 parts:California would enter Union as free-stateMexican Cession would be divided into New Mexico & Utah TerritoriesHere, voters would then decide the slavery question based on popular sovereignty.Slavery was banned in Washington, D.C the capitol.Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed.
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves.FIND OUTWhat events made the issue of slavery emerge yet again in 1854?
Why did pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces move into Kansas?
How did the Dred Scott decision divide the nation?
The Kansas-Nebraska Act(p.327)Proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois.The Act wouldDivide Nebraska Territory into Nebraska and Kansas.Repeal the Missouri Compromise in order to allow slavery north of the line.Establish popular sovereignty (let each state decide) in both territories.Passes in 1852.
Just show pic to establish visual of Nebraska and Kansas Territories.6Douglas thought that popular sovereignty offered the fairest, most democratic way to admit new states.He also believed that the Nebraska Territory would enter the Union as two states (one slave and one free) maintaining the North-South balance.The Kansas-Nebraska Act (p.327)7
The issue of whether or not to allow slavery in the territories created tension between the North and South.Which territories were opened to slavery under the Compromise of 1850? Utah & New MexicoWhich territories were opened to slavery in 1854? Nebraska & KansasLocate the Missouri Compromise Line. What happened to the Missouri Compromise Line after 1854?A: The Missouri Compromise became invalid, since the Kansas-Nebraska Act said that territories north of the Missouri Compromise Line could allow slavery if the people in those territories voted for it.8Divided KansasSettlers and fanatics from both sides poured into Kansas to cast votes on the issue of slavery.Fraudulent elections led to the establishment of two state governments.One freeOne Slave
9TIME TO RUMBLE!
10First shots fired in 1856 when pro-slavery men raid Lawrence, Kansas destroying homes and smashing the press of the Free Soil newspaper.Abolitionist John Brown with four sons and two others, rides to the town of Pottawatomie Creek.Brown kills five pro-slavery supporters in the name of GOD.Newspapers everywhere labeled the territory Bleeding Kansas.By the end of 1856, 200 people killed.The First Shots11
Bloodshed in the Senate (p.329)Senator Charles Sumner, a leading abolitionist, is attacked by Congressman Preston Brooks with a cane, beaten until he fell, bloody and unconscious, to the floor.12
Senator Charles Sumner, a leading abolitionist, is attacked by Congressman Preston Brooks with a cane, beaten until he fell, bloody and unconscious, to the floor.13Dred Scott lived for many years in Missouri (Slave State).Later, he moved to Illinois with his master (Non-Slave State) and also, Wisconsin (Non-Slave State).They move back to Missouri and his master dies.
Dred Scott Decision (p.330)14Anti-Slavery lawyers file lawsuit in Mr. Scotts name.The argument: Since Scott had lived in free territory, he was a free man right?
Dred Scott Decision (p.330)15U.S. Supreme Court decides:Scott could not file a lawsuit because as a black man he was not a citizen.Agreed that slaves were property.Congress did not have the power to outlaw slavery in any territory.Meant the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.This meant that slavery was legal in all territories!!!The Dred Scott Decision of 1857161857 -- Dred Scott Supreme Court decision rules that slaves do not become free when taken into a free state, that Congress cannot ban slavery from a territory, and that blacks cannot become citizens.
Northerners are mad!Southerners are happy!
WE FOUND OUTThe issue of slavery emerged again in 1854. Name these events we talked about today?
Pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces moved into Kansas. Why?
The Dred Scott decision divided the nation. How so?