Searching Guangzhou

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Presentation slides for the Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR) 15th Annual Meeting on 23-25 October 2014, @ Daegu, Korea

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<ul><li> 1. Searching GuangzhouRegionalizing Chinas WeiboPrepared for IR15 2014Wilfred Yang Wangwilfred.wang@hdr.qut.edu.auQueensland University of Technology</li></ul> <p> 2. 2The studyA study about the formation of geo-identity on theInternetAsk:How geography intersects with new media technologies;- How do we learn about a place (nature and humanity)from digital information and data-How do we understand new media practices throughthe lens of human/cultural geography* Today: why geographic places 3. 10/28/14Sina Weibo Launch by Sina Corporation in 2009 280 million users by the end of 2013 140 Chinese characters input per post Basic functions include: follow, post, repost,LIKE, comment, favour, IM, inbox; uploadimage, video, URLs 4. Sina Weibo Launch by Sina Corporation in 2009 280 million users by the end of 2013 140 Chinese characters input per post Basic functions include: follow, post, repost,LIKE, comment, favour, IM, inbox; uploadimage, video, URLs 10/28/14 4 5. Why geography? The myth of a borderless cyberspace Recent scholarships shows otherwise Sub-national region is always part of ChinasInternet Local-central is historical Weibo is located within Chinas asymmetricspatial structure between local places and thecentral state.10/28/14 6. Place as a historical logicThat which is long divided must unify; that which islong unified must divide.10/28/14 7. A CCPs paradox The Chinese Dream as a unified Chinese ethnicity--- XiJinping (2012); Linguistic law: tuipu (promoting Mandarin); Standardised text books; Historical genre film and TV productions (collectivememories).BUT Household registration system (Hukou) since Mao; Regional economy and development; Decentralised administration; Sub-national region as the container of identity.10/28/14 8. Place as an Internet logic10/28/14Baidu Index 9. BBS10/28/14RegionalForums 10. Guangzhou the place 11. Guangzhou (Canton) Capital city of the Guangdong Province Population: 14 million (2014) Dialect: Cantonese Climate: humid subtropical (68% humidity) Economy: first to reform; hospitality and trade-driven: Chinas southerngate. One of the wealthiest regions in China (GDP) Geographic: close to HK and Macau Media: outspoken (Nanfang Media Group) Recent Histories: Opium Wars; Taiping Revolution; the NationalistRevolution and the Communist Revolution (nationalism) Social changes: rapid population growth rate since 2000s due to migrants(workers, new settlers, investors) ... But very mobile population a rapidshifting sense of cultural identity Some issues: social inequalities, cheap labor, unemployment, inflation (ifnot hyper-inflation) 12. How we think of ChinaNorthernPeople 13. Pro-Cantonese Protest in 2010A proposal to abolish Cantonese broadcasting at localTV stations news and current affairs programs in July2010; change to MandarinPublic uproar and angerA street protest on 25 July, with more than thousandsparticipants; another protest on 1 August at HK.The provincial governmet withdrawn the proposal 14. A linguistic warType in Cantonese instead of MandarinFor example: = mosquito (Mandarin)= Dollar (Cantonese)You first go (Mandarin) You go first (Cantonese) (government) = zf, (the heaven Dynasty)/ (squaretiger) (police department) = gong an bu / gung on bou 15. Visualise dissents 16. GZ-HK Cultural Identity Woai Feisinai (18:48, 25/07/2013): pro-Cantonese is a common course forGuangzhouers and Hong Kongers!. 17. Why geography? The interaction between the shared virtual andgeographic spaces; Place defines online practices and culture, and isbeing reproduced by the online contents; Allow for interregional perspective of theInternet; Historical and social continuity The formation of a local subjectivity, hence,sense of right (of ownership) and responsibility(to defend) to the local place. 10/28/14 18. Geo-identity framework10/28/14 19. 10/28/14A note on Methodology Case study approach Three case-studies:1. The pro-Cantonese protest in 2012 (key word)2. Guangzhou's Weibo group (Weibo group)3. The anti-Japan protest in 2012 (opinionleader)Geo-identity as the central concern 20. 10/28/14Data Maually collected, no free API None of the 'big data' software work Locative based instead of event based Time specific Key words not #tag Embedded search function not API Opinion leaders (individual and online groups) Approached with framing analysis 21. 10/28/14 22. CategoriesLabel/Code CountsInformationProtest Information 149Personal plan on protest day 55Future actions (second protest in HK) 7Information about censorship 16RationaleCultural and historical uniqueness of Cantonese 38Linguistic and identity right 22Seeking external supports 19Alternative actions 21Slogan 66N=393 23. THANK YOU!QUESTIONS? </p>