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Scripture and Tradition

A bible handwritten in Latin transcribed in Belgium in 1407 for reading aloud in a monastery

The Holy Bible

The Bible is our book

Confronted by a scripture quoting preacher?

Is the Bible the only authority? Sola Scriptura?

What Protestants Quote

2 Tim 3:16-17 All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that one who belongs to God may be competent, equipped for every good work.

Codex Alexandrinus Gospel of Luke

What Protestants Quote

1 Cor 4:6 I have applied these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, so that you may learn from us not to go beyond what is written, so that none of you will be inflated with pride in favor of one person over against another.

What Protestants Quote

Acts 17:10-11 the brothers immediately sent Paul and Silas to Beroea during the night. Upon arrival they went to the synagogue of the Jews. These Jews were more fair-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with all willingness and examined the scriptures daily to determine whether these things were so.

What Protestants Quote

Rev 22:18-19 I warn everyone who hears the prophetic words in this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words in this prophetic book, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city described in this book

What does Scripture really mean?

2 Tim 3:16-17 - All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that one who belongs to God may be competent, equipped for every good work.

This says that all scripture is good, but does not say that only scripture is good for these

Also, the previous 2 verses (14,15) talk about Tradition, so if read in context, it is talking about both Scripture and Tradition.

What does Scripture really mean?

1 Cor 4:6 I have applied these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, so that you may learn from us not to go beyond what is written, so that none of you will be inflated with pride in favor of one person over against another

what is written refers to 1 Cor 3:19-20:

For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in the eyes of God, for it is written: "He catches the wise in their own ruses," and again: "The Lord knows the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain."

Paul is telling the Corinthians to be humble, and not favour one person over another

What does Scripture really mean?

Rev 22:18-19 I warn everyone who hears the prophetic words in this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words in this prophetic book, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city described in this book

This is referring to the book of Revelation. Only referring to what is revealed to St John

What does Scripture really mean?

Acts 17:10-11 the brothers immediately sent Paul and Silas to Beroea during the night. Upon arrival they went to the synagogue of the Jews. These Jews were more fair-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with all willingness and examined the scriptures daily to determine whether these things were so.

These things refer to verses 2-3:

Following his usual custom, Paul joined them, and for three sabbaths he entered into discussions with them from the scriptures, expounding and demonstrating that the Messiah had to suffer and rise from the dead, and that "This is the Messiah, Jesus, whom I proclaim to you."

They were examining the scriptures to determine about the Messiah had to suffer and rise from the dead, and Jesus is the Messiah

What does Scripture really mean?

1 Pet 1:25 the word of the Lord remains forever." This is the word that has been proclaimed to you.

This is not talking about written Scripture, but of the word proclaimed to you the oral word

Bible based Churches disagree

The Lutheran Church believes in baptismal regeneration, the Baptist church does not.

The Assembly of God denomination uses instrumental music during worship, the Church of Christ denomination believes instrumental music to be unbiblical.

Presbyterians believe in unconditional atonement and irresistible grace, Methodists reject the two beliefs.

Bible based Churches disagree

The Lutheran church believes that worship should be liturgical, the Assembly of God church does not.

The Church of Christ denomination believes that baptism should be administered by complete immersion only, Presbyterians believe pouring is acceptable.

Methodists believe in the Trinity, Oneness Pentecostals do not.

Bible based Churches disagree

Lutherans affirm the fact that Mary remained a virgin throughout her life, Baptists reject this belief and say that Mary had other children.

The Church of Christ denomination believes that baptism is necessary for salvation, the Baptist Church does not.

The Methodist church accepts female ministers, while the Baptist church rejects female ministers as unbiblical.

Bible based Churches disagree

Episcopalians baptize infants, Pentecostals believe infant baptism to be invalid.

The Baptist Church teaches that once a person is saved, he is always saved and can not fall from grace. The Church of Christ rejects this teaching as unscriptural.

Some Questions

If the Bible was the only thing that was necessary to know the Truth, as Protestants teach, then why were there so many interpretations of the scriptures?

If the Holy Spirit guided each and every person in the correct interpretation of the Word, then why didn't every Christian believe the same things?

Where did the Bible come from?

Codex Sinaiticus(c. 350) contains the oldest complete copy of the New Testament

Where did the Bible come from?

Bible is a collection of books

There was disagreement about what books should be included

Many thought that certain books were inspired:

The Gospel of Peter

The Shepherd

The Didache

Church tested books for Apostolicity, Catholicity, Orthodoxy

Where did the Old Testament come from?

The Scriptures used by Jesus, Apostles - Septuagint

Septuagint also called LXX translated to Greek by 70 Jewish scholars, before 180BC

A collection of scrolls contains 7 deutro-canonical books, plus other books

Apostolic Fathers Augustine, St Cyprian quoted deutro-canonicals

The Council of Jamnia Isa 7:14 - the Jewish Canon

Luther chose the Jewish books; other 7 apocrypha

Where did the Old Testament come from?

Council of Florence Scripture is inspired

Council of Trent affirms the canonicity of all 46 books of the Old Testament

Pope Paul III invoked the Council of Trent

Where did the New Testament come from?

51-125AD: New Testament books are written

Some other books also written:

Didache

Letter of Barnabas

Letters of Ignatius of Antioch

Athanasius of Alexandria list of present books in his Easter letter

Papyrus P52 (Greek)Gospel of John 18:3133

The Canon of the New Testament

Pope Damasus lists present books 904 AD

Council of Florence recognizes 27 books (1442)

Luther translates to German moves 4 books (Heb, James, Jude, Rev) to the end

Council of Trent 1546 reaffirms once for all the 27 books of the New Testament

Council of Trent New Testament affirmed

Church - Mother of the Bible

Luther: We are compelled to concede to the Papists (The Catholic Church) that they have the Word of God, that we received it from them, and that without them we should have no knowledge of it at all.

Interpretation of Scripture - Tradition

Know this first of all, that there is no prophecy of scripture that is a matter of personal interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

We have the Bible today, but before?

There was no New Testament for till 125 AD. Christians had only the oral teachings that were passed down from the Apostles

Bible was not easily available till Gutenberg invented the printing press in the 15th century. Very few could afford a Bible. Could have Christ have founded a Church for the rich?

If those Christians did not have access to a Bible, how can we say go read the Bible. The Holy Spirit will tell you the truth?

Tradition

Tradition is what is carried down by authority

Jews learned Scriptures orally

Jesus Christ taught he did not write

Jesus sent the apostles to proclaim the good news

Adam was told orally by God

The word of God came to Elijah

There was no Bible in the early Church

What is Magisterium teaching authority

The Bible on Tradition..

John 21:25 not everything written

3 John 13,14 tell you when we meet

Rom 10:17 - faith comes from what is heard

2 Tim 2:2 - And what you heard from me through many witnesses entrust to faithful people who will have the ability to teach others as well.

We instruct you, brothers, in the name of (our) Lord Jesus Christ, to shun any brother who conducts himself in a disorderly way and not according to the tradition they received from us.

1 Cor 11:2 hold on to traditions

The Church of the living God, is the pillar and foundation of truth - 1 Tim 3:15

We