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- 1. According to Websters New Collegiate Dictionary, the definition ofscience is "knowledge attained through study or practice," or"knowledge covering general truths of the operation of generallaws, esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method [and]concerned with the physical world." Science is an intellectual activity carried on by humans that isdesigned to discover information about the natural world in whichhumans live and to discover the ways in which this information canbe organized into meaningful patterns. A primary aim of science isto collect facts (data). An ultimate purpose of science is to discernthe order that exists between and amongst the various facts.
2. SCIENTIFIC METHOD The scientific method is a way to ask and answer scientific questions bymaking observations and doing experiments. The steps of the scientific method are to: Ask a Question Do Background Research Construct a Hypothesis Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion Communicate Your Results It is important for your experiment to be a fair test. A "fair test" occurswhen you change only one factor (variable) and keep all otherconditions the same. While scientists study how nature works, engineers create new things,such as products, websites, environments, and experiences. 3. SIGNIFICANCE OF SCIENCE Medicine Science has helped man to study and grow his knowledge on the human body and contribute towards saving millions of lives worldwide. Various incurable diseases can now be treated with the development and invention of new medicines. Communication The invention of internet and mobile phones are perhaps two of the most significant contributions of science to humankind, with respect to communication. 4. Transportation Automobiles and transport industries cannot be left behind when it comes to talking of science and technology. Different modes of transport have been developed to carry people, machines and other equipments from one corner to the other, round the globe. Agriculture Various procedures have been developed to convert barren lands and deserts into fertile fields that can be used for cultivating crops and providing food for more people. Entertainment Television, radio, theater, mobile phones, CD players, iPods, and music systems have been a major source of entertainment to human race. Without science, these would not have been available to you. 5. VALUES OF SCIENCE Intellectual Value It introduces new ways of thinking and reasoning. It has its own disciplines. It helps to understand, evaluate and solve numerous social problems of life. Practical Value We are living in age of science and everything around us concerns science. Science has revolutionized means of transport. It has reduced the miseries of humanity and enable them to live loner and happier. 6. Moral Value Science is a search of truth and reality. Science develops morality by teaching truthfulness. Every scientist is a seeker of truth. Aesthetic value Every man of science has a passion truth. According to a well known English poet Keats Truth is Beauty Science is an art, every man in of the science is artist. Psychological Value The entire teaching and learning process is based on fundamental principle of psychology. Science develops interest, motivation and makes teaching learning process effective.