scales arpeggios

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13 MusA 246 | Piano Proficiency review packet Scale/Arpeggio Rule Sheet RULE of PINKY (applies to scales/arpeggios beginning on white notes): If the highest tonic note of a righthand scale/arpeggio should use a thumb, replace it with the next available finger (usually 5, sometimes 4) If the lowest tonic note of a lefthand scale/arpeggio should use a thumb, replace it with the next available finger (usually 5, sometimes 4) SCALES (all scales/arpeggios are two octaves ascending/descending) CAGED: C, c, A, a, G, g, E, e, D, d o RH = 123 – 1234 – 123 – 1234 (5) o LH = (5) 4321 – 321 – 4321 – 321 o 3’s line up; thumbs line up on middle tonic THUMBS: Db,eb, F, f, Gb,bb, B, b o Thumbs line up 321: c#, Eb,Ab, g#, Bb o LH = 321 – 4321 – 321 – 4321 o RH thumb of Eb,Ab, and Bb on C and F F# minor is not in these categories ARPEGGIOS, Tonic Whitekey tonic arpeggios including eb and Gb o Use fingers 2 and 3 o RH = 123 – 123 (5) o LH = (5) 321 – 321 Blackkey tonic arpeggios o RH = 4 – 124 – 124 o LH = 21 – 421 – 42 o Use fingers 2 and 4 o Place thumbs on white keys o Bb is modified (LH = 321 – 321 – 3); bb places thumbs on white keys ARPEGGIOS, Dominant 7 (V 7 /x) Whitekey: RH fingering chord = root position; LH fingering chord = first inversion; thumbs share same note Blackkey: Fingering chords share thumb on white key o Db7 places thumbs on F; Bb7 = RH 1 st inversion, LH 3 rd inversion ARPEGGIOS, Diminished 7 (vii o7 /x) Fingering chord inversions place finger 1 on white, finger 4 on black (both hands)

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Scales Arpeggios

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  • 13 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

    Scale/ArpeggioRuleSheet RULEofPINKY(appliestoscales/arpeggiosbeginningonwhitenotes):

    Ifthehighesttonicnoteofarighthandscale/arpeggioshoulduseathumb,replaceitwiththenextavailablefinger(usually5,sometimes4)

    Ifthelowesttonicnoteofalefthandscale/arpeggioshoulduseathumb,replaceitwiththenextavailablefinger(usually5,sometimes4)

    SCALES(allscales/arpeggiosaretwooctavesascending/descending)

    CAGED:C,c,A,a,G,g,E,e,D,do RH=12312341231234(5)o LH=(5)43213214321321o 3slineup;thumbslineuponmiddletonic

    THUMBS:Db,eb,F,f,Gb,bb,B,bo Thumbslineup

    321:c#,Eb,Ab,g#,Bbo LH=32143213214321o RHthumbofEb,Ab,andBbonCandF

    F#minorisnotinthesecategoriesARPEGGIOS,Tonic

    WhitekeytonicarpeggiosincludingebandGbo Usefingers2and3o RH=123123(5)o LH=(5)321321

    Blackkeytonicarpeggioso RH=4124124o LH=2142142o Usefingers2and4o Placethumbsonwhitekeyso Bbismodified(LH=3213213);bbplacesthumbsonwhitekeys

    ARPEGGIOS,Dominant7(V7/x)

    Whitekey:RHfingeringchord=rootposition;LHfingeringchord=firstinversion;thumbssharesamenote

    Blackkey:Fingeringchordssharethumbonwhitekeyo Db7placesthumbsonF;Bb7=RH1stinversion,LH3rdinversion

    ARPEGGIOS,Diminished7(viio7/x)

    Fingeringchordinversionsplacefinger1onwhite,finger4onblack(bothhands)

  • Scales:CAGED CAGEDpattern(akaCmajorpattern):WorksforC,c,A,a,G,g,E,e,D,d(notice3slineup)

    Scales:THUMBS Inthesescales,thumbsofbothhandsengageatthesametime(Db,eb,F,f,Gb,bb,B,b) Practicetheseeightscalesinthefollowingorder:

    Dbmajorscale(thumbsonFandC)

    14 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Eb minorscale(thumbsonFandCb)

    Fmajorscale(thumbsonFandC)

    Fminorscale(thumbsonFandC)

    Gbmajorscale(thumbsonCbandF)

    15 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Bbminorscale(thumbsonFandC)

    Bmajorscale(thumbsonBandE)

    Bminorscale(thumbsonBandE)

    16 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Scales:321 321scales(Bb,Eb,Ab,c#,andg#)havethesamefingeringforthelefthand:

    o 321432132143213 Practicethelefthandalone.Aftersolidifyingthelefthandfingering,findtherighthandthumb

    markersandfillinthenextavailablefingers. Bbmajorscale(RHthumbonCandF)

    Ebmajorscale(RHthumbonFandC)

    Abmajorscale(RHthumbonCandF)

    17 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • C#minorscale(RHthumbonEandA)

    G#minorscale(RHthumbonBandE)

    F#minordoesnotfitintothethreepreviouscategories.

    F#minorscale

    18 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • WithTrackI(keysequence:C,Bb,Ab,Gb,E,D,Db,B,A,G,F,Ebmajors)o Thinkofthekeysequenceastwoconsecutivedescendingwholetonescales(sixnotes

    each),onebeginningonCandtheotherbeginningonDb Quarter=ca.54;beginpracticeat40untilreadyforplayalong

    Etc

    WithTrackno.2(keysequence:C,Bb,Ab,Gb,E,D,Db,B,A,G,F,Ebminors)

    o Thinkofthekeysequenceastwoconsecutivedescendingwholetonescales(sixnoteseach),onebeginningonCandtheotherbeginningonDb

    Quarter=ca.54;beginpracticeat40untilreadyforplayalong

    Etc

    19 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • TonicArpeggios

    Therearetwocategoriesoftonicarpeggios:whitekeyandblackkey.Whitekeytonicarpeggiosbeginonawhitenotewhileblackkeytonicarpeggiosbeginonablacknote.Therearetwomajorexceptionstotheblackkeycategory:GbmajorandEbminor.Despitebeginningonablacknote,GbmajorandEbminortonicarpeggiosadoptthewhitekeyfingering.

    Thewhitekeytonicarpeggiopatternworksforallwhitekeymajorandminorarpeggios(plusGbmajorandEbminor).Again,noticethatthepinkyisusedonlyfortherighthandshighesttonicandthelefthandslowesttonic. Whitekeyoneandtwooctavetonicarpeggiofingering

    Theblackkeypatternworksforallremainingkeys. Blackkeyoneandtwooctavetonicarpeggiofingering

    20 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Bbmajor/minoraremodifiedblackkeytonicarpeggiopatterns. Bbmajoroneandtwooctavetonicarpeggiopattern

    Bbminoroneandtwooctavetonicarpeggiopattern

    WithTrackno.1:MajorTonicArpeggios

    21 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Withtrack2,MinorTonicArpeggios

    Dominant7Arpeggios

    Therearetwocategoriesofdominant7arpeggios:whitekeyandblackkey.Whitekeydominant7arpeggiosbeginonawhitenotewhileblackkeydominant7arpeggiosbeginonablacknote.ThefollowingexampleshowsanF7chord,itsfingering,andtheresultingfingeringofthearpeggiobaseduponthatchord. RighthandF7fingeringchordandarpeggio

    22 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Onthepianoproficiency,arpeggioswillalwaysbeginontheroot(F7beginsonF,F#7beginsonF#,BflattonicarpeggiobeginsonBflat,etc.).However,thefingeringchordassociatedwiththearpeggiomaynotnecessarilybeinrootposition.Thefingeringchordisbasedupontheshapeofthehandandhowitfitsthekeyboard.

    ThefollowingexampleshowsthefingeringforanF#7arpeggiochord.Noticethatthefingeringchordisnotinrootposition,itsin3rdinversion.Again,fingeringchordsdonotdictateuponwhichnotethearpeggionecessarilybegins,itsimplydictateswhichfingersareassignedtowhichnotes.Allofthisisinanefforttokeepthumbsonwhitekeysatallcost(forscalesandarpeggios).

    RighthandF#7fingeringchordandarpeggio

    Whitekeydominant7arpeggiosarebaseduponrighthandchordsinrootpositionandlefthandchordsinfirstinversion.Thethumbsinallwhitekeyandblackkeyfingeringchords(exceptBb7)willsharethesamenote. G7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonG)

    23 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Twooctaveascending/descendingG7arpeggio(ThumbsonG)

    D7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonD)

    Twooctaveascending/descendingD7arpeggio(ThumbsonD)

    24 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • A7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonA)

    Twooctaveascending/descendingA7arpeggio(ThumbsonA)

    E7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonE)

    25 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Twooctaveascending/descendingE7arpeggio(ThumbsonE)

    B7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonB)

    Twooctaveascending/descendingB7arpeggio(ThumbsonB)

    26 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • F7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonF)

    Twooctaveascending/descendingF7arpeggio(ThumbsonF)

    Blackkeydominant7arpeggios:Thechordinversionsarenotuniversallikethewhitekeydominant7arpeggios.Theblackkeyfingeringchordsarrangethemselvessothatfinger1isonawhitenoteandfinger4isonablacknote.Again,thethumbisshared(notinBb7).

    27 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Db7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonF)

    Db7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonF)

    Eb7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonG)

    28 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Twooctaveascending/descendingEb7arpeggio(ThumbsonG)

    F#7arpeggiofingeringchords(ThumbsonE)

    Twooctaveascending/descendingF#7arpeggio(ThumbsonE)

    29 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Ab7arpeggiofingeringchords(thumbsonC)

    Twooctaveascending/descendingAb7arpeggio(thumbsonC)

    Bb7arpeggiofingeringchords(RHthumbonD,LHthumbonF)

    30 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Twooctaveascending/descendingBb7arpeggio

    9 IMPORTANT:Youwillbeaskedtoplayadominant7arpeggiointheoreticalcontext(V7/x).If

    askedforadominant7arpeggiointhekeyofC,youwouldplayaG7arpeggiobecauseGisthedominant(basedon5thscaledegree)oftheCmajor/harmonicminorscales

    WithTrack3(Descendingcircleof5thsfromkeyofF)

    Dominant7arpeggios(quarter=ca.60)

    31 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Diminished7Arpeggios

    Likedominant7arpeggios,diminished7arpeggiosstemfromfingeringchords.All12diminished7arpeggioscomefromthefollowingthreefingeringchords.Despitebeginningondifferentnotes,dontchangetheinversions. Thethreediminished7fingeringchords

    Forexample,Co7,Eflato7,F#o7,andAo7arpeggiosallcontainthesamenotes,andthereforestemfromthesamefingeringchord. Righthandfingeringforthefourdiminished7arpeggiosstemmingfromthefirstfingering

    chord.

    9 IMPORTANT:Youwillbeaskedtoplayadiminished7arpeggiointheoreticalcontext(viio7/x).If

    askedforadiminished7arpeggiointhekeyofCminor,youwouldplayaBo7arpeggiobecauseBistheleadingtone(7thscaledegree)oftheCharmonicminorscale.

    32 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Ao7arpeggio

    Co7arpeggio

    Ebo7arpeggio

    F#o7arpeggio

    33 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Eo7arpeggio

    Go7arpeggio

    Bbo7arpeggio

    C#o7arpeggio

    34 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket

  • Bo7arpeggio

    Do7arpeggio

    Fo7arpeggio

    G#o7arpeggio

    35 MusA246|PianoProficiencyreviewpacket