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Scales and Arpeggios for Guitarists (Primer) Sungmin Shin

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  • Scales and Arpeggios for Guitarists (Primer)

    Sungmin Shin

  • Scale Theory Basics

    Major Scale Formula

    Tone - Tone - Semitone - Tone - Tone - Tone - Semitone (T-T-S-T-T-T-S)

    Whole - Whole - Half - Whole - Whole - Whole - Half (W-W-H-W-W-W-H)

    Scale Degrees

    1st = Tonic = Do 2nd = Supertonic = Re 3rd = Mediant = Mi4th = Subdominant = Fa5th = Dominant = Sol6th = Submediant = La7th = Leading Tone = Ti8th = Tonic = Do

    C Major Scale

    Major Scale Along a Single String

    2

    Copyright 2014 Sungmin Shin - sungguitar.com

    WW H W W W H

    DoTiLaSolFaMiReDo

    Scale Degrees

    Solfge

    2^

    3^

    1^

    4^

    5^

    6^

    7^

    8^

    &

    &2

    &19

    &28

    [Title][Composer]

    [Arranger][Subtitle]

    DoTiLaSolFaMiReDo

    Scale Degrees

    Solfge

    2^

    3^

    1^

    4^

    5^

    6^

    7^

    8^

    IIFret Numbers IV V VII IX XI XII

    http://www.sungguitar.comhttp://www.sungguitar.com

  • Key Signatures

    Order of Sharps - F# - C# - G# - D# - A# - E# - B#

    Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle

    Order of Flats - Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb - Cb - Fb

    Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father

    C major/A minor - no sharps or flats!

    G major/E minor - 1 sharp (F#)

    F major/D minor - 1 flat (Bb)

    D major/B minor - 2 sharps (F# - C#)

    Bb major/G minor - 2 flats (Bb - Eb)

    A major/F# minor - 3 sharps (F# - C# - G#)

    Eb major/C minor - 3 flats (Bb - Eb - Ab)

    E major/C# minor - 4 sharps (F# - C# - G# - D#)

    Ab major/F minor - 4 flats (Bb - Eb - Ab - Db)

    B major/G# minor - 5 sharps (F# - C# - G# - D# - A#)

    Db major/Bb minor - 5 flats (Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb)

    F# major/D# minor - 6 sharps (F# - C# - G# - D# - A# - E#)

    Gb major/Eb minor - 6 flats (Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb - Cb)

    C# major/A# minor - 7 sharps (F# - C# - G# - D# - A# - E# - B#)

    Cb major/Ab minor - 7 flats (Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb - Cb - Fb)

    These have been arranged in the order of increasing number of accidentals (sharps and flats) Notice that three pairs overlap (B/Cb, Db/C#, and F#/Gb) Sharp Keys - Go half step above the final sharp in the key signature Flat Keys - The 2nd to last flat in the key signature Exceptions - C major and F major

    3

    Copyright 2014 Sungmin Shin - sungguitar.com

    http://www.sungguitar.comhttp://www.sungguitar.com

  • Mode Theory Basics - Relative vs. Parallel

    Relative Modes of C major

    4

    Copyright 2014 Sungmin Shin - sungguitar.com

    1 - C Ionian

    2 - D Dorian

    3 - E Phrygian

    4 - F Lydian

    5 - G Mixolydian

    6 - A Aeolian

    7 - B Locrian

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7 8

    1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 8

    1 2 3 #4 5 6 7 8

    1 2 3 4 5 6 b7 8

    1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 8

    1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 8

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  • Parallel Modes with C as Tonic

    5

    1 - C IonianMajor Scale

    2 - C DorianMinor Scale with #6

    3 - C PhrygianMinor Scale with b2

    4 - C LydianMajor Scale with #4

    5 - C MixolydianMajor Scale with b7

    6 - C AeolianMinor Scale

    7 - C LocrianMinor Scale with b2 b5

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7 8

    1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 8

    1 2 3 #4 5 6 7 8

    1 2 3 4 5 6 b7 8

    1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 8

    1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 8

  • Basic Scales for Improvisation

    Major

    *Ionian 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7

    *Pentatonic (Major) 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 6

    *Blues (Major) 1 - 2 - #2 - 3 - 5 - 6

    Dominant

    *Mixolydian 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - b7

    **Pentatonic (Major), Blues (Major), Pentatonic (Minor), and Blues (Minor)

    Minor

    *Dorian 1 - 2 - b3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - b7

    *Pentatonic (Minor) 1 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b7

    *Blues (Minor) 1 - b3 - 4 - #4 - 5 - b7

    Practice Sequence (for 7 note scales)

    *play scales up and down single strings

    *then create scales shape by filling in the octave shapes on the following page

    *play scale up & down + down & up

    *try jumping back and forth from tonic to each of the scale degrees

    1) Scale - 5 notes (1-2-3-4-5)

    2) Arpeggio - Triad (1-3-5)

    3) Scale - 8ve (1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8)

    4) Arpeggio - Triad (8ve) (1-3-5-8)

    5) Arpeggio - 7th (1-3-5-7)

    6) Arpeggio - 7th (8ve) (1-3-5-7-8)

    7) Scale - 9th (1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9)

    8) Arpeggio - 9th (1-3-5-7-9)

    9) Up Scale + Down Arpeggio - 9th

    10) Up Arpeggio + Down Scale - 9th

    6

    Copyright 2014 Sungmin Shin - sungguitar.com

    http://www.sungguitar.comhttp://www.sungguitar.com

  • Octave Groupings by String Sets

    6 - 4

    6 - 3

    5 - 3

    5 - 2

    4 - 2

    4 - 1

    s

    3 - 1

    7

    Copyright 2014 Sungmin Shin - sungguitar.com

    http://www.sungguitar.comhttp://www.sungguitar.com