scales and arpeggios for guitar

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Scales and Arpeggios for Guitar By Mike Georgia To keep things simple approach it like this. 1. Everything is relative 2. The octave is divided into only 12 total notes 3. The corresponding shapes are about two octaves long 4. Use this as a reference. Take it little by little. 5. Learn solos and improvise over chord progressions to help you see and use the patterns. Everything will eventually sink in. Memorize the 12 intervals within the octave: Root, minor 2nd, major 2nd, minor 3rd, major 3rd, perfect 4th, tritone, perfect 5th, minor 6th, major 6th, minor 7th, major 7th, Octave And/Or Root, b2nd, 2nd, b3rd, 3rd, p4th, #4/b5, p5th, b6th, 6th, b7th, 7th, Octave

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  • ScalesandArpeggiosforGuitar

    ByMikeGeorgia

    Tokeepthingssimpleapproachitlikethis.

    1. Everythingisrelative

    2. Theoctaveisdividedintoonly12totalnotes

    3. Thecorrespondingshapesareabouttwooctaveslong

    4. Usethisasareference.Takeitlittlebylittle.

    5. Learnsolosandimproviseoverchordprogressionstohelp

    youseeandusethepatterns.Everythingwilleventually

    sinkin.

    Memorizethe12intervalswithintheoctave:Root, minor 2nd, major 2nd, minor 3rd, major 3rd, perfect 4th, tritone, perfect 5th,

    minor 6th, major 6th, minor 7th, major 7th, Octave

    And/Or

    Root,b2nd,2nd,b3rd,3rd,p4th,#4/b5,p5th,b6th,6th,b7th,7th,Octave

    1 of 16

  • Layout

    Acrossstringsthenoteseithermoveforwarduptheneck,

    orbackacrossthestrings.

    Whenmovingfromstringgrouptostringgroupkeepinmind:

    1.SincetheBstringistunedonefretdifferentfromtheotherstrings.Thenotes

    ontheBandEstringsmoveuponefretrelativetotheotherstrings.

    2.Thischangestheperceivedshapeofthepattern

    3.Italsomakesitsothatyoucancomfortablymovesomenotestoadifferent

    stringthanonotherstringsets.

    Mike Georgia

    2 of 16

  • ^6

    b7 ^7

    p4

    ^3R b2 ^2 b3

    p5b5 b6

    R

    ^6

    b7 ^7

    p4

    ^3R b2 ^2 b3

    p5b5 b6

    R

    ^6

    b7 ^7

    p4

    ^3R b2 ^2 b3

    p5b5 b6

    R

    b6

    b7 ^7^6

    ^3

    R b2 ^2 b3

    b5p4 p5

    R

    Mike Georgia

    3 of 16

  • Scales

    Ingeneralwecanthinkofallscalesasaderivativeofthe

    majorscale.

    1. Themajorscaleusesonenotefromeachletterofthemusicalalphabet.

    2. Themajorscaleiseasiesttoseebylookingatthewhitekeysonthepiano.

    3. Thewhitekeyswithablackkeyinbetweenareawholestepapartand

    theoneswithoutablackkeyinbetweenareahalfstep.Creatingthis

    MajorScaleformula:1w2w3h4w5w6w7h1

    Hereitisontheguitar:

    Mike Georgia

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  • Herearesomecommonscaleformulas.

    Major wwh,wwwh 1w2w3h 4w5w6w7h 1

    Minor whw,whww 1w2h b3w4w5h b6wb7w1

    HarmonicMinor whw,wh1.5h 1w2h b3w4w5h b6w+h 7h 1

    MelodicMinor whw,wwwh 1w2h b3w4w5w6w7h 1

    PentatonicMajor ww1.5,w1.5 1w2w3w+h 5w6w+h 1

    PentatonicMinor 1.5ww,1.5w 1w+h b3w4w5w+h b7w1

    BluesMajor whh1.5,w1.5 1w2h b3 h 3w+h 5w6w+h 1

    BluesMinor 1.5whh,1.5w 1w+h b3w4h b5 h 5w+h b7w1

    DiminishedWH wh,wh,wh,wh 1 w 2 h b3 w4h b5 w#5 h 6w7h 1DiminishedHW hw,hw,hw,hw 1 h b2 w b3 h 3w#4 h 5w6h b7 w1WholeTone www,www 1w2w3w#4w#5wb7w1HarmonicMajor h1.5w,wwwh 1h b2w+h 3w4w5w6w7h 1

    DoubleHarmonicMajor hw+hw,wh1.5h 1h b2w+h 3w4w5h b6w+h 7h 1

    Mike Georgia

    5 of 16

  • Arpeggios

    Letsgooversomechordconstruction.Chordsareconstructed

    bystackingeveryothernoteinthekeylikethis:

    13579(2)11(4)13(6)

    1. Basicmajorandminorchordsare1,3,5thenthenotesaremovedaround

    tocreatedifferentqualitiesofchordslike:Major,Minor,Diminished,and

    Augmented

    2. Whenyouaddthe7thyouthengetchordslike:Major7,Dominant7,

    Minor7,Minor7(b5),Diminished7,Major7(#5),Dominant7(#5)

    3. 2,4,and6arecalled9,11,13whenthe7thispresentorMajor7,Minor7,

    Dom7,andAugmentedchordscanhavethe9,11,and13addedtothem.

    4. Youcanreplacethe3withthe2or4.Thisiscalledsuspendedorsus2,

    sus4.

    5. Addingthe2,butkeepingthe3iscalledadd9.

    6. 6thchordsarewhenyoureplacethe5withthe6

    7. Chordswith9,11,13arecalledextendedchordsandthevarietiesareas

    follows;

    b9,9,#9(whenamajor3rdispresent)

    11,#11

    b13,13

    Mike Georgia

    6 of 16

  • Herearesomecommonchordformulas.

    Major 135

    Minor 1b35

    Diminished 1b3b5

    Augmented 13#5

    Major7 1357

    Dominant7 135b7

    Minor7 1b35b7

    Min7(b5) 1b3b5b7

    Dim7 1b3b5bb7

    Maj7aug 13#57

    Dom7aug 13#5b7

    b9,#9,11,#11,13,b13 Dom+#9,b9,11,#11,13,b13

    Maj9,Maj7(#11),Maj13 Maj7+9,#11,13

    Min7(b9),Min9,Min11,Min13 Min7+b9,9,11,13

    Mike Georgia

    7 of 16

  • MajorScaleModes

    Eachnoteinascalecanbeconsideredtheroot.Thisiswhatthe

    modesare.Forinstanceifyoustartthemajorscaleonthe6th

    noteyouareplayingthenaturalminorscaleandthe3rddegree

    oftheminorscaleisthemajorscale.

    1. Italsohelpstothinkofmodesasmajor(3)orminor(b3),whichdepends

    onthethird.

    2. Nextnoticehoweachmodehasoneortwonotesthatmakesitunique

    fromthemajorornaturalminorscale.

    3. Modescanalsobethoughtofaschordsscales.ForinstanceDorianisa

    min13chord,Lydianismaj9(#11),Phrygianismin7(b9),Locrianis

    min7(b5,b9)

    Ionian(maj7) wwh,wwwh 1w2w3h 4w5w6w7h 1

    Dorian(min7) whw,wwhw 1w2hb 3w4w5w6hb 7w1Phrygian(min7) hww,whww 1h b2wb3w4w5h b6wb7w1Lydian(maj7) www,hwwh 1w2w3w# 4h 5w6w7w1Mixolydian(dom7) wwh,wwhw 1w2w3h 4w5w6h b7w1Aeolian(min7) whw,whww 1w2h b3w4w5h b6wb7w1

    Locrian(min7) hww,hwww 1h b2wb3w4h b5wb6wb7w1

    Mike Georgia

    8 of 16

  • HarmonicMinorModes

    Theharmonicminorscaleisdefinitelyaninterestingonewith

    itsuniquestepandahalfintervalcreatingaveryeasternsound

    tothewesternear.

    1. Noticehowthemodenamesarederivativeofthemajorscalemodes.

    2. AcommonuseofharmonicminoriswhenthereisamajorVchordina

    minorkey.Themajor3rdoftheVchordisnotinthenaturalminorscale,

    butitisthenatural7thinharmonicminor.3. Anotheruseforharmonicminorthatcreepsupfromtimetotimeisthe

    5thmode.WithitsDom7homechordandb2itcanbeaverycoolsound

    toincorporate.

    HarmonicMinor whw,wh1.5h 1w2h b3w4w5h b6w+h 7h 1Locriannatural6 hww,h1.5hw 1h b2wb3w4h b5w+h 6h b7w1Ionian#5 wwh,1.5hwh 1 w 2 w 3 h 4w+h #5h 6w7 h 1Dorian#4 wh1.5,hwhw 1 w 2h b31.5#4h 5w6h b7w1PhrygianDominant h1.5h,whww 1 h b2w+h 3h 4w5h b6wb7w1Lydian#2 1.5hw,hwwh 1 w+h #2h 3w#4h 5w6w7h 1SuperlocrianDim. hwh,www

    1.51 h b2wb3h 3wb5wbb7ww+h1

    Mike Georgia

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  • MelodicMinorModes

    Themelodicminorscaleiscloselyrelatedtothemajorscale

    withitsnatural6and7.

    1. InclassicalmusictheMelodicminorscaleisplayedgoingupandthe

    naturalminorscaleisplayedgoingdown.

    2. SuperLocrianisoftenusedinjazzoveranAlteredDominantchord(b9,

    #9,b5,#5,#11,b13)

    MelodicMinor whw,wwwh 1w2h b3w4w5w6w7h 1Dorianb2 hww,wwhw 1 h b2wb3 w 4 w 5w6 h b7w1LydianAug www,whwh 1 w 2 w 3 w #4 w #5 h 6 w 7 h 1LydianDom www,hwhw 1 w 2w3 w #4 h 5 w 6 h b7 w 1Mixolydianb6 wwh,whww 1 w 2w3 h 4 w 5 h b6 w b7 w 1Locriannatural2 whw,hwww 1 w 2h b3 w 4 h b5 w b6 w b7 w 1SuperLocrian(Altered) hwh,wwww 1 h b2w#2h 3w#4/b5 w #5/b6wb7 w 1

    Mike Georgia

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  • ArpeggioandScale

    BoxShapes

    Mike Georgia

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  • Mike Georgia

    12 of 16

  • Mike Georgia

    13 of 16

  • C/Am Shape A/Gm Shape G/Em Shape E/Dm Shape D/Cm Shape

    Pentatonic

    Blues

    Natural Major/Minor

    = Minor Root

    Natural Major/Minor: Three note per string patterns

    = Major Root = Blues Note = Scale Tones

    Pentatonic and Blues scale notes in Black, added Natural Major/Minor scale notes in grey

    Licensed under a creative commons BY, NC, ND license - mikegeorgia.com

    Mike Georgia

    14 of 16

  • Melodic Minor

    Harmonic Minor

    Licensed under a creative commons BY, NC, ND license - mikegeorgia.com

    Mike Georgia

    15 of 16

  • Diminished

    Whole Tone

    Licensed under a creative commons BY, NC, ND license - mikegeorgia.com

    Mike Georgia

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