say no to child labour
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Child LaborOBJECTIVETo provide an in-depth global picture of violence against children.Focus on prevention strategies, in particular through the identification of best practices in prevention.To develop & share inventory of different approaches to the issue, in particular from a South-to-South perspective.
Objectives of the UN Studyto provide an in-depth global picture of violence against childrenpropose clear recommendations for the improvement of legislation, policy and programs relating to the prevention and responseto document the magnitude, incidence and consequences of various types of violence against children including in the home and family, in the streets, in schools, in child institutions, and in the work placethe causes and associated risks including discrimination and gender inequalityFocus on prevention and protective factors through the identification of best practices in prevention, including those designed by childrensurvey legal responses to violence and services for children who have been its victims, again including interventions designed by childrenthe study should describe the evidence demonstrating which interventions work, and which interventions dont workWHAT IS "CHILD LABOR"?
Is it really all that difficult to define the term child labor?
Where CHILD LABORERS live?
INTRODUCTION3WHAT DO CHILD LABORERS DO?
WHAT ARE SOME MISUNDERSTANDINGS ABOUT CHILD LABOR?
WHAT CAUSES CHILD LABOR TODAY?
INTRODUCTION4What is Child Protection ?It is the right of every child to be protected from violence, abuse, exploitation and discrimination.
In 1990 Pakistan was among the first countries ratifying the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The following year, in 1990, Pakistan participated in the World Summit for Children and adopted the Plan of Action for Implementing the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children. In 2000 Pakistan signed, but not ratified, the two optional protocols to the CRC, against the use of children in armed conflict, and against the trafficking, sale, and prostitution of children including child pornography.
Child Protection Failure to protect children undermines the national development and has a negative impact that continues beyond childhood into the individuals adult lifeSome of the implications of failing to protect children are:Babies that are born to very young mothers are more vulnerable to diseases during the first critical years of life, and, Violence against young children can lead in the extreme cases to child mortality and morbidity (MDG4 reduce child mortality); Young mothers, especially those living in poor families are more prone to health problems during pregnancy and childbirth (MDG 5 Maternal Mortality);Many worst forms of child labour, such as child prostitution, child trafficking , make children particularly vulnerable to the diseases, including STIs and HIV/AIDS Protecting children from sexual exploitation is an important part of: MDG 6 Combat HIV and AIDS; Children without parents, such as street children, children living in care institutions and in prisons are particularly vulnerable to early infection and they often become a vector for HIV/AIDS transmission.What has to be done and by whom? Who is responsible?
Ensuring child protectionBuilding and maintaining a protective environment for children preventing violence, abuse, child labor, exploitation, etc.
It is the duty of care givers: parents, communities, state authorities
Child protection is the business of everyone at every level of society in every function. It creates duties for presidents, prime ministers, judges, teachers, doctors, policemen, parents and children themselves, but also in the daily life of business people employing children, citizens employing servants in the household; The duties may be reflected in the legal standards, the law of the land, but also in the priorities set by the government, such as the allocation of its resources. What should be done is the creation of a protective environment for children.What is a protective environment?There is no legal or other agreed definition of what constitutes a protective environment. However it should address at least the following elements:The concept of child Labor got much attention during the 1990s when European countries announced a ban on the goods of the less-developed countries because of child LaborINTRODUCTION8Child labor ranges from 4-17 years old.
In some cases, a child's work can be helpful to him or her and to the family.
It is positive in sense that it gives job experience, this depends largely on the age of the child, the conditions in which the child works, and whether work prevents the child from going to school.
INTRODUCTION9Dangerous work. Child labor is very common in Pakistan. Recently, a lot of western companies have forbidden child workers in their sewing factories. Instead the children are forced to do more dangerous work. These girls sort garbage in a slum area in Karachi to make less than a dollar a day.
Child labour is a problemBecause it jeopardizesHealthHumanrightsFutureEducationIqbal Masih was a child labor in Pakistan. His parents were too poor to afford food; they borrowed $16 in exchange for sending Iqbal to a carpet factory to work off the loan. Iqbal was only 4 years old. The children in the factory worked 14 hours a day, six days a week without any breaks. They were beaten and chained to their looms if they complained or tried to escape.
When he was 10, Iqbal learned about a new law that forbade bonded labor. He left the factory, entered school, and began to speak out on behalf of children who still worked in factories. However Iqbals actions made many people angry; he was shot and killed in April 1995. Iqbal was only 12 years old.INTRODUCTIONTo a childs Life
Purpose of Study.
To find the main causes of child labor.
To sought out their solutions.
To give some useful recommendations.
To analyze the child labor in Pakistan.
PROCEDUREPurpose Of Study
The project formulation was done and we started to collect data and research from different resources.
In order to express our views clearly and exactly we have done the task step by step so that a person who has no knowledge about child labor can also understand easily.
PROCEDUREFormulatingFive children were interviewed as follows.
Hawker.Car washer.Child at Garage.Waiter.Beggar. The snaps and interviews were conducted at Taxila, Chakwal, and Mansehra.
Gull Khan 11 years old.
Son of a laborer.
Earning Rs. 150-200/- per day.
Never attended school.
No future plan other than this.PROCEDUREHawker
Sadiq 13 years old.
Father is jobless.
Earning Rs. 80-100/- per day.
Attended the school for 3 classes.
Want to continue his Study.PROCEDUREBeggar
Rani 8 years old.
Father is scraper.
Earning Rs. 60-70/- per day.
Not satisfied with this. All the data was collected from different resources i.e.
Magazines.Newspapers.Surfing Internet.Own Resources.Studying Pakistan LABOR LAW.
1 1/2 week for interviewing and searching.
1 week on formulating report and presentation.
PROCEDURETime Horizon. Main causes.
Poverty.Lack of Resources.Family Crises.Illiteracy of ancestors.
Most of the children left the school after one or two year of study.
LIMITATIONS We come across the following limitations.
Shortage of time. Shyness of children.Feasibility of project.Governmental crisis.
23LIMITATIONSThe period of work of a child shall be so arranged that inclusive of his interval for rest, under sub-sectionNo child shall be required or permitted to work overtime.Every child employed in an establishment shall be allowed in each week, a holiday of one whole day24LIMITATIONSNo child shall be required or permitted to work in any establishment in excess of such number of hours, as may be prescribed for such establishment or class of establishments. The period of work on each day shall be so fixed that no period shall exceed three hours and that no child shall work for more than three hours before he has had an interval for rest for at least one hour.
25LIMITATIONS According to the Laws and Regulations of child labor, children are strictly prohibited from these fields.Work inside under ground mines Work with live electrical wires over 50V.All operation related to leather tanning.Mixing or application or pesticides.Sandblasting and other work involving exposure to free silica.
26Work PermitsIf you are under the age of 18, you MUST obtain a work permit BEFORE you start working.You must obtain a new work permit every time you switch jobs. They can not be transferred from job to job.
FINDINGSThere are more children under 14 in Pakistan than the entire USA populationChildren under 14 form 3.6% of Pakistans labor forceOf these, 9 out of 10 work in their own rural family settings85% are engaged in agriculture related laborLess than 9% in manufacturing and less than 1% in factories
28Figures in Pakistan26.1% in 1990 but rose to 34.5% by the end of that decade.
The figure of 23.9% reported by the survey 2004/05 therefore in 2015 target of 13%. Asia and the Pacific The Asia Pacific region has the largest number of child laborers in the world and ha