Sandinistas Speak

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<p>hy Tumis Barge, Carlos Fnnseca, Daniel Ortega, Humherto Ortega,</p> <p>aml Jaime Nhseloch</p> <p>Pathfinder Press, New York</p> <p>E d i t ed by B r uce M ar cu s Copy r i gh t c 1982 by Pat h f i n der Pr ess Al l r i g ht s reserv ed Li b r ar y of Con gress Cat a log Car d N u m ber H 2-H2051 ISB N cl ot h 0-87348-6 18-8; I SB N paper 0-87348-619-6 Ma n u fact ur ed i n t h e U n i t ed St at es of A m er i ca Fi r st ed i t i on , 1982 Pa t h f i n der P ress 410 W est St r eet New Y o r k , N Y 100 14</p> <p>ContentsIntroduction The Historic Program of the FSLN Nicaragua: Zero HourBy, Carlos Fonseca A m ad or</p> <p>7 13 23 43</p> <p>Nothing %il l Hold Back Our Struggle for Liberation B y Dani el Ortega Nicaragua The Strategy of VictoryIr..ter vi ew wi t h H u mberto O rtega O n H u m a n Ri g ht s i n N i car agu a By T omas Borg e</p> <p>85105 113</p> <p>The Role of Religion in the New Nicaragua Nicaragua's Economy and the Fight Against ImperialismBy J ai me Wheelock</p> <p>The Second Anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution By Tomas Borge An Appeal for Justice and Peace By Daniel Ortega Index</p> <p>127 141 155</p> <p>H ON D U R A S EL SAI V A D OR N I CA RA GU A~ ~</p> <p>hinadeg ay</p> <p>Jinotega M atagalpa</p> <p>Leon o</p> <p>Man ag ua Masa a0</p> <p>Granada</p> <p>LakeRjyas N i c a ra gu a</p> <p>Cari bbean Sea</p> <p>Pacifi c Ocean</p> <p>COSTA R I CA</p> <p>PANAM</p> <p>In tr odu ctionA revolution is unfolding in Nicaragua. Led by the fighters of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), the workers and peas ants of that country carried out a victorious insurrection against the brutal and corrupt U.S.-installed Somoza dictatorship and took int oth ei r ow n h a nds the power t o shape th ei r dest i n y . The J ul y 19, 1979 , d ow nf al l of t h e di ct at or sh i p m a r ked t h e begi n n i n g of a new st age i n</p> <p>the history of Nicaragua, ono that has seen big changes and that holds the promise of even bigger changes in the future. From the start, the U.S. I-,'vernment resisted these changes. As itb ecame appar en i, that even i n :r eased m i l i t ar y ai d coul d not save t h e</p> <p>personal dictatorship of Ansstasio Somoza, Washington maneuveredt o f ind a sol u t ion t hat w oul d leave i nt act Somoza's mi l i t ar y force, t h e hated N a t i onal Gu ar d. W h eii t hat f ai l ed, fir st Carter and t hen Reagan u sed pr om ises of ai d an d l at er m i l i t ar y t h r eats and par a m i l i t ar y a t</p> <p>tacks in an effort to slow dove and overturn Nicaragua s revolution. The U.S. has stationed wa: ships off Nicaragua's coast. It plans to construct new mil itary airfields in neighboring Honduras. In violation of U.S. laws, it has given the green light to military tr aining of remnants of Somoza's N at i onal G ,i ard and other count er r ev ol u t i on ar ies at pr i v at e camps i n Fl or id a an d C a l i for n ia . A n d t h e CI A h a s t r ai n ed,</p> <p>armed, and supplied several tl.ousand Somozaist counterrevolutiona r i es and m er cenar ies st at i oned al on g N i car agua's border i n H on du</p> <p>ras. In early 1982, it was reported that the National Security Councilhad budgeted at least $19 m i l l ion t o pr om ot e dest ab i l i zi n g and cov er t act i ons i n cl u di n g t er r or ist a t t ack s aga inst t he N icar aguan peo</p> <p>ple and government. Washington's propaganda campaign against the Nicaraguan revo lution charges that the revolution is undemocratic, that it has meante conomic disaster for N i car agua, t hat t he N icar agu ans seek to expor t t h ei r r evol u t i on by for ce, and t hat t h e leaders of the revol u t ion t h e</p> <p>cadres of the FSLN are simply agents of Cuba, and that their revol u t ion was "m ade in H av ana.*' As the speeches in t h is collection show ,</p> <p>these are outright lies. While the example of revolutionary Cuba is a tremendous inspira t ion to struggling people around the world, the insurrection that tri umphed in July 1979, and the revolutionary changes that have oc</p> <p>8 Sa n d in is tas Spe ak</p> <p>cur r ed since, came out of t he decades-long st r u ggle of the N icar ag uan</p> <p>people to free themselves from foreign domination and to determine their own destiny. Nicaraguans have a proud tradition of resisting att em pt s to m ak e N i car agua t he U n it ed St ates back y ar d .</p> <p>For Central Americans, the Monroe Doctrine and its subsequent re finements meant not freedom from fbreign intervention, but exactly the opposite. As the speeches collected here explain, the U.S. rulersmai n t a ined order and st ab i l i t y i n t h ei r Cen t r al A m er i can neocolonies th r ough repeated l an di ngs of t he M ar i n es. I n t h i s cent u r y , t h e N i car ag ua n m ost closely associated w i t h t h e</p> <p>struggle against U.S. domination was Gen. Augusto Cesar Sandino. In1 927 he organized an ar m y of w or k e r s ; i n d peasant s t o dr i ve ou t t h e U.S. M a r i nes, who had ag ai n occupien N i car agua i n 1926, Sandino's Ar m y for t h e D efense of N a t i ona l Sover ei gnt y f ou gh t t hem for seven</p> <p>years and won tremendous popular su@ port. When the Marines werefi n al l y w i t h dr aw n i n 19 33 , t hey left b</p>