s5 Muyungi Land Activities

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<ul><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 1/14</p><p>United Republic of TanzaniaUnited Republic of Tanzania</p><p>MANAGING LAND USE, PROTECTING LANDMANAGING LAND USE, PROTECTING LANDAND MITIGATING LAND DEGRADATION:AND MITIGATING LAND DEGRADATION:</p><p>TANZANIA CASE STUDYTANZANIA CASE STUDY</p><p>R. S. MuyungiR. S. MuyungiAssistant Director and UNCCD/UNFCCCAssistant Director and UNCCD/UNFCCC</p><p>Focal PointFocal Point</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 2/14</p><p>OUTLINEOUTLINE</p><p> IntroductionIntroduction</p><p> The Strategy on Urgent Action toThe Strategy on Urgent Action to</p><p>Combat the Degradation of LandCombat the Degradation of Landandand Conserve Water catchmentConserve Water catchment</p><p>areas in Tanzaniaareas in Tanzania</p><p> ChallengesChallengesConclusionConclusion</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 3/14</p><p>1. Introduction1. Introduction</p><p>Efforts to Combat land degradation and conservewater catchment areas and related ecosystems inTanzania are linked to the overall national effortstowards poverty eradication and sustainabledevelopment. The National Strategy for Growthand Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP) of 2005provides a close relationship between reduction ofPoverty and the sustainability of the productive</p><p>Sectors, particularly agriculture that counts for45% of the GDP and about 60% of the exportearnings as well as livelihood to over 80% of thepopulation.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 4/14</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 5/14</p><p>Cont</p><p>Energy supply is also dependent on the</p><p>existence of well functioning and unexploitedwater catchments, dry land areas and related</p><p>ecosystems, much as agricultural productivity</p><p>and sustainability is dependent on Sustainable</p><p>land management particularly degraded lands inthe dry lands. The challenge is how to make</p><p>these sectors, individually and collectively,</p><p>contribute more to poverty reduction and sustain</p><p>the economic growth envisaged to achieve theNational 2020 Vision of a country with a</p><p>transitional economy.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 6/14</p><p>Cont</p><p>Other policies and strategies:-</p><p>NEAP, 1994; NEP, 1997; NAP, 1999 &amp; Reviewed</p><p>2004; ILFEMP, 2002. Policies reviewed:- Forest,</p><p>Wildlife, Mineral, Fisheries, Water, Agriculture,</p><p>Energy, and the National Land policy.</p><p>Legislations to promote effective environmental</p><p>management:- EMA, 2004; Water Act,</p><p>1999, Forest Act, 2002, Mining Act 1998</p><p>etc.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 7/14</p><p>2. The Strategy on Urgent Action to2. The Strategy on Urgent Action to</p><p>Combat the Degradation of LandCombat the Degradation of Landandand Conserve Water catchmentConserve Water catchment</p><p>areas in Tanzaniaareas in Tanzania</p><p>Land degradation and degradation of watercatchments has continued to be a national</p><p>challenge;</p><p>Over 60% of the land area is facing threats</p><p>of desertification;An Inter ministerial Steering Committee has</p><p>been put in place and is Chaired by Vice</p><p>President.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 8/14</p><p>3. Challenges</p><p>The Strategy identifies problems andchallenges on land degradation and water</p><p>catchment areas. The challenges are:-</p><p>i.) Environmental degradation arising from the</p><p>invasion of water sources/catchment areasby livestock keepers/herdsmen.</p><p>ii.) Environmental degradation arising fromillegal human activities related to agriculture</p><p>and livestock keeping, settlement along theslopes of mountains, on top of mountainranges, in river valley and around watersources.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 9/14</p><p>ContCont</p><p>iii.)iii.) Environmental degradation due to deforestation</p><p>and massive tree cutting for firewood,charcoal and house construction in urbanareas.</p><p>iv.) Unsustainable small and large scale irrigation</p><p>projects and programmes with negativeconsequences on biodiversity and wateravailability in dams for hydroelectricity.</p><p>v.) Inadequate accurate data and information at</p><p>district level regarding water sources anduses</p><p>vi.) Environmental degradation and deterioration ofwater sources due to wild fire.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 10/14</p><p>Cont.</p><p>vii.) Drying up of water sources resulting from the</p><p>planting and growth of alien and exotic treespecies.</p><p>viii.) Desertification and drought in many parts ofthe country.</p><p>ix.) Limited public awareness and involvement inenvironmental protection and sustainableutilization of natural resources.</p><p>x.) Land use conflicts between various</p><p>stakeholders and environmentaldegradation.</p><p>xi.) Environmental Degradation arising frommining activities</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 11/14</p><p>4. Conclusion</p><p> Sustainable land management can be achieved</p><p>by integrating international and nationalefforts at different levels. The UNCCD, GEFand the International community need toincrease financial support to countries that</p><p>have shown clear commitment to addressland degradation. Tanzania has put in placethis Strategy as a clear indication of its totalcommitment to Combat Land Degradationand mitigates the effects of drought;</p><p> The UN Convention to Combat Desertificationremains an important multilateralenvironmental agreement in CombatingDesertification and Land Degradation.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 12/14</p><p>Cont</p><p>There should be a renewed commitment from</p><p>developed countries to support the implementationof NAP and such Strategy through the UNCCD.</p><p>As a link between UNCCD and Climate Change,</p><p>Sustainable Afforestation and reforestation</p><p>can address land degradation through</p><p>Carbon traded incentives from Afforestation</p><p>and reforestation as well as avoideddeforestation. However, national ownership</p><p>of carbon trade using such activities is a pre</p><p>requisite.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 13/14</p><p>Cont.</p><p>Capacity building in terms of having a critical</p><p>mass of government institutions and</p><p>national non government actors that can</p><p>venture into carbon trade is critical.</p><p>Reduced rate of desertification through</p><p>enhanced growth of natural vegetation can</p><p>lead to reduced conflicts between</p><p>pastoralists and farmers. Efforts towards</p><p>better land use planning and land reformsare very important. This is what the</p><p>strategy advocates and needs to be</p><p>supported by the international community.</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 s5 Muyungi Land Activities</p><p> 14/14</p><p>THANK YOUTHANK YOU</p></li></ul>