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  • 1. S1 Literacy: Building the BasicsS1 Literacy: Building the Basics

2. Personal PronounsMe, myself and I 3. Personal Pronouns In this lesson we are going to: Learn about personal pronouns Learn how to use personal pronouns in autobiographical writing 4. Personal Pronouns A noun is a word that is a person, place or thing. A pronoun can be used in place of a noun A personal pronoun is used in place of a noun that is a person or thing.Emma loves chocolate. She could eat it all day. Personal pronouns are used so that you dont have to repeat the same words in your writing. 5. Personal pronouns for people include Itheyhim sheherhe usyoumethemwe 6. Personal pronouns for things include ittheythem 7. The following sentences do not use personal pronouns. Rewrite each sentence using a personal pronoun.1.Mike turned the fire on because Mike was cold. 2.Jane loves football, Jane plays football after school. 3.The rain poured down, the rain made a tremendous noise. 4.The car broke down because the car ran out of petrol. 5.Amir loves Saira, Amir bought Saira a ring. 8. Check your answers 1.Mike turned the fire on because he was cold. 2.Jane loves football, she plays it after school. 3.The rain poured down, it made a tremendous noise. 4.The car broke down because it ran out of petrol. 5.Amir loves Saira, he bought her a ring. 9. Check your sentences with your teacherDid you remember to change the noun for a personal pronoun? 10. Personal Pronouns In autobiographical writing personal pronouns are used all the time as the author is writing about themselves. I remember when I was seven, scoring a last minute goal 11. Key SkillsTypes of Nouns 12. Nouns Objectives: Reading: To learn how to recognise common and proper nouns Writing: To learn how to use different types of nouns effectively 13. What Are Nouns? Nouns are words for a person, place, thing or idea.E.G:The sneaky thief The empty street The sharp knife The terrible truth 14. Spot the Noun Underline, circle or highlight the nouns in the following sentences: 1.The plumber fixed the leaking tap. 2.The village was not on the map. 3.The present was hidden in the wardrobe. 4.English is my favourite subject. 5.Mr Jones was reading the Radio Times on the train to Bristol. 15. Check Your Understanding How did you do? Give yourself one mark for each correctly identified noun then add up your score out of twelve. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.The plumber fixed the leaking tap. tap The village was not on the map. map The present was hidden in the wardrobe. wardrobe English is my favourite subject. subject Mr Jones was reading the Radio Times on Times the train to Bristol. Bristol 16. Common Nouns and Proper Nouns Common nouns are used for general persons, places or things.E.G: author, city, car Proper Nouns are used for particular persons, places or things.E.G: Charles Dickens, Cardiff, Nissan 17. Sort these nouns into Common Nouns and Proper Nouns Common NounsProper NounsSteven table Jupiter book tree France dogRover Hull City F.C. planet car hut bricklayer Globe Theatre 18. Speaking and Listening Feedback : Read your lists out to a partner or the rest of the class. Explain why you have chosen particular nouns, say how you decided which are proper and which are common. What do all the Proper Nouns have in common? 19. Noun Detective Insert capital letters and underline the Proper Nouns in the following paragraph :as the train pulled out of waverley station michael opened his new book, great expectations by charles dickens. it was a gift from sarah, a going away present, something to keep him company on the long journey south to london. 20. Noun Detective Insert capital letters and underline the Proper Nouns in the following paragraph: As the train pulled out of WaverleyStation Michael opened his new book, Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. It was a gift from Sarah, a Dickens Sarah going away present, something to keep him company on the long journey south to London. London 21. SpellingSingular to Plural Nouns 22. Singular to Plural Nouns Objectives: To learn key spelling rules when changing nouns from singular to plural. 23. Singular to Plural Nouns The easiest way to change singular to plural nouns is to add an s. For example, car becomes cars, hat becomes hats and computer becomes computers. However, there are exceptions:If the noun ends in s, sh, ch or x then you must add es Change the following singular nouns into plural: Box ash hand church wasp bus 24. Words that end in -y If a word ends in y with a vowel before it, just add s. s If a word ends in y with a consonant before it, change the y to iesCan you change the following singular nouns into plurals? city butterfly monkeydonkeyladyday puppyponySundaytoy 25. Words that end in -y If a word ends in y with a vowel before it, just add s. s If a word ends in y with a consonant before it, change the y to iesCan you change the following singular nouns into plurals? cities butterflies dayspuppiesmonkeys toysdonkeysponiesladiesSundays 26. Words ending in f or fe For words ending in f or fe often we just add s But sometimes we change the f and add ves Words which end in ff just add -sChange these words into plurals (you can use a dictionary if you wish) cliffwolfhalfknifelifeloafshelfthiefwifedwarf 27. Words ending in f or fe For words ending in f or fe often we just add s But sometimes we change the f and add ves Words which end in ff just add -sChange these words into plurals (you can use a dictionary if you wish) cliffswolveshalveskniveslivesloavesshelvesthieveswivesdwarves 28. Words ending in -o For words ending in a vowel plus o add s For most other words ending in o add es Turn the following words into plurals: Tomato Potato Domino Stereo cuckoo hero 29. Words ending in -o For words ending in a vowel plus o add s For most other words ending in o add es Turn the following words into plurals: Tomatoes Potatoes Dominoes Stereos cuckoos heroes 30. Exceptions The following words are exceptions to the rules. The only thing you can do is learn them as they are. Radios Volcanoes Teeth Mice Pianos Sheep Children Cacti 31. Key SkillsVerbs 32. Verbs Objectives: Reading: To learn how to recognise verbs Writing: To learn how to use verbs effectively to improve our sentences 33. What Are Verbs? Verbs are words for an action a doing word. The verb is the most important word in a sentence because without it that sentence would not make sense.E.G: Ben dashed home The verb dashed tells the reader what the subject of the sentence (Ben) is doing. 34. Spot the Verb Underline, circle or highlight the verb in the following sentences: 1.Nat kissed his grandmother. 2.The flowers grew in the garden. 3.Daisy read her book. 4.Diane loves ice cream. 5.Joe scored a goal. 6.The cat caught the mouse. 35. Check Your Understanding How did you do? Give yourself one mark for each correctly identified verb then add up your score out of six. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.Nat kissed his grandmother. The flowers grew in the garden. Daisy read her book. Diane loves ice cream. Joe scored a goal. The cat caught the mouse. 36. Using Effective Verbs On the next slide you will be asked to place verbs into a range of sentences. Before you begin, make sure you: Use a word which makes sense in the sentence Use better vocabulary. Avoid boring verbs: for example walk may be replaced by stagger, said could be substituted for screeched. Use a verb that creates a specific image and a particular mood for the reader. 37. Using Effective Verbs Place verbs into the following sentences: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.The sea _____ against the rocks. Lucy _____ her toy out of the pram. The gymnast ____ across the floor. Please, help me, I _____. The striker _____ the ball past the goal keeper. 38. Constructive Criticism Speaking and Listening Speaking: Read your sentences out to a partner or the rest of the class. Explain why you have chosen particular verbs, say how they improve the sentence. Listening: Listen to the sentences being read out. Has the reader improved the sentences by adding verbs? If you think they have say why. How could they improve it further? For whole class discussion choose another reader, for paired work swap roles. 39. Different Verbs Verbs can also be a state of being. Such being verbs derive from the verb to be. There are many forms such as: am, are, is, was, were, will be, was being, and would have been.E.G: Dad will be home soon The verb in this sentence is will be. 40. Verb Detective Underline or highlight the verbs in the following paragraph: Michael tip-toed silently into the abandoned cottage. It was dark so he reached for the light switch. He flicked the switch. Nothing. He heard a noise in the distance. A howl? A shiver ran through his body like an electric current. He groped his way to the window and drew back the tatty curtains. It was there staring back at him. 41. Verb Detective Did you spot all the verbs? Michael tip-toed silently into the abandoned cottage. It was dark so he reached for the light switch. He flicked the switch. Nothing. He heard a noise in the distance. A howl? A shiver ran through his body like an electric current. He groped his way to the window and drew back the tatty curtains. It was there staring back at him. 42. Key SkillsAdverbs 43. Adverbs Objectives: Reading: To learn how to recognise adverbs Writing: To learn how to use adverbs effectively to improve our sentences 44. What Are Adverbs? Adverbs are words that tell us more about a verb. Adverbs tell us how, when or where the how action (verb) took place.E.G: The river flowed rapidly In this sentence the verb is flowed. The adverb, rapidly, tells us how the river flowed. 45. What Are Adverbs? Adverbs of time tell us when the action (verb) took place.E.G: The train arrived late In this sentence the verb is arrived. The adverb, late, tells us when the train arrived. 46. What Are Adverbs? Adverbs of place tell us where the

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