Rwanda Timeline to Genocide. Rwanda Genocide The Rwandan genocide was the systematic massacre of an estimated 1,000,000 Tutsi tribe members and moderate.
Post on 12-Jan-2016
RwandaTimeline to GenocideRwanda GenocideThe Rwandan genocide was the systematic massacre of an estimated 1,000,000 Tutsi tribe members and moderate Hutus in RwandaThe killing was mostly carried out by two extremist Hutu militia groups, Interahamwe and the ImpuzamugambiThe massacre lasted approximately 100 days from April to mid-July, 1994Rwanda-History3 tribes of people that inhabit RwandaTwa, the original inhabitantsHutus, migrated in 1000 A.D.Tutsi, migrated in the 14th or 15th centuryRwanda-History (Continued)The Tutsis tribe of people gained a large dominance over the HutusBy the late 18th century, a single Tutsi-ruled state occupied most of the present day RwandaThe rule was headed by a Tutsi King who controlled the land and gave power over the regions to the Tutsi groupsThe Tutsis, in turn, dominated the Hutus, who had the majority of the population-The population of Rwanda was :75% Hutu20% Tutsi5% TwaRwanda 1890In 1890, Rwanda accepted German rule without resistance and became part of the German East AfricaGermany issued almost no rule over the affairs of the country and initiated no economic developmentTutsis still ruled the countryRwanda 1916-1919During WW1 (1916), Belgian forces occupied RwandaIn 1919 it became part of the Belgian League of NationsSocial Structure was not alteredChristian missionary work of converting the locals to Roman Catholicism was undertakenRwanda 1933Before the Belgian rule, Hutus and Tutsis lived together as neighborsWhen the Belgians took power in Rwanda, they gave political power to the TutsisEugenics movement began-Scientists came and looked for differences between the Hutus and TutsisTutsis were considered to have Caucasian ancestry (through lighter skin, larger skulls) and therefore were superior to HutusRwanda 1933 (continued)One of the major contributing factors to the split of ethnic groups was the creation of group classification on ID cards in 1933The Belgian government introduced a rigid racial concept of group identity where it had not previously existed-the ID cards now stated if the individual was Twa, Hutu or TutsiAnother important factor was the repeated decision by the Rwandan Government (after independence in 1962) to retain the group classifications on ID cardsRwanda 1933-1956The Belgians gave the majority of political control to the TutsisTutsis began to believe the myth of their superior racial status and exploited their power over the Hutu majorityCreated a resentment of the Tutsis by the Hutu peopleRwanda 1959The Hutus felt that the new king had not been chosen democratically and fighting broke out between the Hutus and the Tutsis (who were aided by the Twa)The Hutus emerged victorious, and some 100,000 Tutsis, including the king at the time fled the countryRwanda 1960 -1962Hutu political parties won the election in 1960, and they named a new prime ministerIn 1961, a republic was proclaimed, and Belgium granted independence to Rwanda on July 1, 1962.Ethnic Identification was kept on ID cards in RwandaRwanda 1962-1972Grgoire Kayibanda was elected as the first president and stayed in power until 1972During this time, there were many battles between the Tutsis who had fled to neighboring countries and the Hutus in RwandaRwanda 1973-1988In July of 1973, a moderate Hutu military group toppled the governmentA new constitution was created and the General of the military group was elected president of RwandaDue to continued fighting, over 50,000 refugees fled from Rwanda to Burundi during this periodRwanda 1990-1993In 1990, Rwanda was invaded from Uganda by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), made up mainly of Tutsi refugees. The invasion was unsuccessful, but the president of Rwanda agreed to share the power of the countryIn 1993, a power-sharing agreement was signed between Hutus and TutsisRwanda 1994In April 1994, the president of Rwanda and the president of Burundi were killed in a suspicious plane crashCivil strife erupted on a massive scaleRwandan soldiers and Hutu gangs slaughtered an estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 people, mostly Tutsis and moderate HutusRwanda TodayRwanda is struggling to heal and rebuildIt is showing signs of rapid developmentMany Hutu members have returned to RwandaThe government has promoted reconciliation and economic developmentBBC Media PresentationClick on the following link:Warning-some images may be disturbinghttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3594187.stmRwanda TopicsA report on the response from the rest of the world to the situation in Rwanda from 1994 to nowA report on the steps taken by Rwanda to prevent a genocide from ever happening againA report on the steps taken/not taken in regards to the conflict in Darfur-relate what is happening in Darfur to the events in RwandaA report on the changes in regards to women in Rwanda and how their roles in society have changed since 1994A report on how Rwanda will look in 2044 (50 years after the genocide). This timeline will describe how the country has reconciled with its past based on how far they have come to date. Use other examples (Germany) as models of how to overcome such tragedies
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