russia and the eurasian republics. the largest region we will study, spanning two continents and...
Embed Size (px)
Russia and the Eurasian Republics.
The Largest region we will study, spanning two continents
and including eleven time zones.
Countries as ranked by GDP
Countries as ranked by land size
Vast areas of:• Permafrost: permanently frozen
Taiga: sub arctic coniferous forests.
Steppe: semi-arid grasslands.
• The Ob river flows northward into the Arctic Ocean
Black Earth Belt: rich-fertile soil.
• Volga River• Ob river• Amur River• Lake Baikal• Caspian Sea• Aral Sea• Bering Strait• Pacific Ocean• Atlantic Ocean
Mountains: Caucasus located between the Black and Caspian Seas.
Mountains: Urals ( divides Europe from Asia)
Russian Natural resources• Not well-developed due to harsh climate• Limited transportation links and vastness
of the country• Foreign competition for investment in the
region (oil pipelines)• Widespread pollution• Shrinking of the Aral Sea• Political and Economic difficulties after the
breakup of the Soviet Union• Cotton production in Central Asia
Siberia• The Sleeping Land: located east of the Urals• Major oil, natural gas, and mineral resources
Human Impact on the Environment
• Water diversion from the Aral Sea: for irrigation
Before 1996 After 2003
Environmental Changes• Pollution: (Chernobyl)• Nuclear power plant explodes after
meltdown and radioactive fallout spreads across Europe
After the Chernobyl explosion entire towns had to be evacuated.
A Nuclear Reactor
A concrete tomb was built to try to contain the radioactive ruins.
The Trans-Siberian RailroadConnecting European Russia with
Siberia and the Pacific Coast. From Moscow to Vladivostok.
Trains at one of the many stations.
Miles of track cross sparsely populated countryside.
Climatic conditions are often cold in these sub arctic areas.
Typical sights are Siberian villages like this one.
Or perhaps old Soviet style block Apartments.
The route ends at the harbor of Vladivostok.
Lake Baikal, the world’s deepest Lake is located in western Russia near the Trans-
NovosibirskA city that grew up along the Trans-Siberian
• Diverse ethnic groups, customs and traditions
• Many of Turkic and Mongol Heritage
Created to celebrate…
Coronations, Royal births, Easter, etc.
The Bolshoi Ballet.
It is the most famous in the world.
Trained in the classical style.
They travel the world to perform.
Catch a performance if you go to Moscow.
• Religious Paintings and mosaics of the Jesus, the Saints and other religious figures.
Symbols that decorate Eastern Orthodox churches with Saints and other religious
figures from Christian tradition.
Matrioshka Dolls: handmade nesting dolls resembling a Russian peasant
woman have been a favorite for centuries.
Oriental Carpets or rugs: very popular in the southwestern republics.(Caucasus)
A Kazakh Rug
Samovars are traditionally used to brew tea to ward off the Russian chill.
St. Basil’s Cathedral.
St. Basil’s was commissioned by Ivan
the Terrible to celebrate the Russian conquest of
The Church of the Annunciation.
Evidence of Eastern Orthodox Religion
These cathedrals are part of the complex that became known as the Kremlin. It is the heart of Moscow and contains Red Square. Red Square(next slide) was the site of the famous May Day Parades held
during the Communist era and where Lenin, the Father of the Bolshevik
revolution, is entombed.
The Kremlin at night.
St. Petersburg: named after Peter the Great. Here is the winter palace of the
Peter the Great moved the Russian capital to St. Petersburg to be closer to the
capitals of western Europe.
•Transition from Communist to Free Market economies
Russia is struggling with the transition from Communism..
To Democracy and Capitalism.
•Concentrated in the Fertile Triangle Region
•Rich Chernozem soils: good for wheat farming
• Hydroelectric power
• Oil• Natural Gas