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  • 1.Erowid Note: Please note that this document is archived for historical reference purposes and its information should be checked against other, more up-to-date sources.LEGAL HIGHSA Concise Encyclopedia ofLegal Herbs and Chemicalswith Psychoactive PropertiesbyAdam Gottlieb (c) 1973 20th Century Alchemist*** This book is not intended to promote or encourage the possession, use, or manufacture of any illegal substances. The material herein is presented for reference and informational purposes only. The laws applicable to the drugs described herein may change. Remember -- even legal drugs may be dangerous. Consult your physician before consuming any drugs.For wholesale orders and inquiries contact Merchandising Service of America, Inc., 417 North 3rd Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19123. For individual copies of other books by the 20th Century Alchemist, write to:Twentieth Century Alchemist P.O. Box 3684 Manhattan Beach, CA 90266(C) 1973 20th Century Alchemist REVISION HISTORY* 2007 Sep : Added quot;historical archivequot; note to the top of the document in order to point out that this document may have more general factual issues. * 2007 Jan : Added Erowid Note under Syrian Rue. ***INTRODUCTION The materials discussed in this book are legal despite the fact that they have psychotropic properties. Some are far more potent than many controlled substances. They have not been designated as illegal

2. by any state or federal codes, because they are relatively obscure and have never been subjected to abuse. Although chemicals such as mescaline and lysergic acid amide are controlled by Title 21 of the United States Code (1970 edition), their plant sources (except for ergot and peyote) are not so controlled. It is therefore legal to possess San Pedro cactus, morning glory seeds, Hawaiian wood rose, etc., as long as there is no indication that they are intended for other than normal horticultural or ornamental purposes. The materials listed here are legal at the time of this writing. They may be outlawed at any future date. It may be of some interest to some readers that the Church of the Tree of Life has declared as its religious sacraments most saubstances in this book. Because these substances were legal at the time of the Church's inception and incorporation, their use cannot be denied to members through any future legislation without directly violating the Constitution's guarantee of religious freedom. Those interested should send a stamped self-addressed envelope to the Church of the Tree of Life, 405 Columbus Avenue, San Francisco, California 94133.Although there exist both state and federal laws against Psilocybe mushrooms and peyote, we have included these in our book of legal highs. We do so because of the glaring weaknesses in the legislation regarding these. Peyote is allowed to members of the Native American Church, because it was in use by the Plains Americans as a religious sacrament long before the caucasian immigrants and their progeny devised laws against it. Even today, a number of legitimate cactus nurseries still ship cuttings and seeds of this cactus to all parts of the country with apparent impunity.Many species of psilocybin-bearing mushroom grow wild throughout most parts of the United States, and can in no way be controlled. Since the original publication of this book, there has been a virtual mushroom revolution. Head shops and mail order houses now sell complete kits for home cultivation of _Psilocybe cubensis_ (spores included). The flagrant ignorance of the law-makers is reflected in the fact that in Title 21 the alkaloid _psilocin_ is misspelled as _psilocyn._ This small error is a product of the same mentality that classified cocaine as a narcotic in the 1922 Amendment to the Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act and deliberately retains the error to this day.The purpose of this book is to provide the user with concise reference information on various legal psychotropic materials. These include plant materials in their crude hebal form, and chemicals either synthesized or extracted from natural minerals. For each item there is a brief description of the material, the method of preparation, dosage and use, analysis of active constituents, effects, contraindications (side effects, dangers, etc.), and names of commercial suppliers. The latter are given as letter codes. The corresponding names and addresses are to be found in the section titled quot;Suppliers.quot; Because of increasing interest in horticulture of psychotropic plants, sources of seeds and live plants are also given.Some of the materials discussed are very dangerous and are strongly disrecommended. They are included because many people have already shown an interest in experimenting with them. We feel that it is important to discuss them while clearing indicating their dangers.Although we feel confident in the accuracy of the information in this guide, we can in no way assume responsibility for the experiences of persons following these data for personal drug use.This book is intended as a contribution to the world of information and general knowledge. It must not be construed as 3. encouragement or endorsement, by the author or publisher, of the use of any of the materials herein described.###LEGAL HIGHSHIGHS ADRENOCHROME SEMICARBAZONE -- 3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5,6-indolinedione semicarbazone. Material: Oxidized eniephrine (adrenaline) with semicarbazide. Usage: 100 mg is thoroughly dissolved in just enough alcohol, melted fat (butter), or vegetable oil and ingested. Because of its poor solubility in water these must be used to aid absorption. Effects: Physical stimulating, feeling of well-being, slight reduction of thought processes. Contraindications: None noted. Acts as a systemic hemostatic preventing capillary bleeding during injury. Adrenochrome causes chemically induced schizophrenia. Its semicarbazone does not. Supplier: CS.ALPHA-CHLORALOSE -- alpha-D-glucochloralose. Material: Synthetic chemical prepared by reacting chloral with glucose under heat. Usage: 350-500 mg orally. Effects: Euphoriant affecting CNS in a manner similar to PCP (phencyclidine), accompanied with mental changes like those from smoking hashish. Contraindications: Although a central depressant, in some individuals it may cause nervousness. Less toxic than PCP or chloral. Dangerous if taken with even small amounts of alcohol (even beer). May cause convulsions. Supplier: CS.ASARONE -- 1,2,4-trimethoxy-5-propenylbenzene or 2,4,5-trimethoxy-1- benzene. Material: A chemical related to mescaline and the amphetamines found in the roots of sweet flag (_Acorus calamus_) and _Asarum_ spp. It is chemically the precusor of TMA-2 (2,4,5-trimethoxy-a-methyl-4,5- methylenedioxyphenylethylamine), a hallucinogen with 18 times the gram potency of mescaline. Asarone is converted to TMA-2 in the body by aminization which takes place shortly after ingestion. Usage: 45-350 mg orally on empty stomach. Individual sensitivity varies widely. Effects: Simultaneous stimulant, hallucinogen, and sedative. One or another of these traits may be more pronounced depending upon the dose and the individual. CNS stimulant, antispasmatic. Contraindications: Should not be taken with MAO inhibitors. Supplier: CS.ATROPINE SULFATE Material: Sulfate of tropane alkaloid found in belladonna, datura, and several other solaneceous plants. Usage: 0.5-5 mg orally. 4. Effects: Competitive acetylcholine inhibitor at receptor site (postganglionic junction). Does not prevent acetylcholine liberation. Hallucinogen, similar to scopolamine, but producing more excitement and less stupor. Potentiates other psychotropics, including opium, cannabis, harmala alkaloids, mescaline. Contraindications: Highly toxic. Side effects include dryness and soreness of mucous membranes, blurred vision, urinary retention, severe hallucinations, retrograde amnesia lasting several hours to several days. Not recommended without expert supervision. Possible brain damage from large amounts. Supplier: CR.BELLADONNA -- Deadly Nightshade. _Atropa belladonna_ L. Family Solanaceae (Potato family). Material: Leaves and roots of perennial herb found in wooded hills and shaded areas of central and southern Europe, southwest Asia, and Algeria, and naturalized in USA. Usage: Crushed dried leaves 30-200 mg or root 30-120 mg taken orally or smoked. Active Constituents: Atropine, scopolamine, and other tropanes. Leaves containe 0.3-0.5% total alkaloids, roots 0.4-0.7%. Effects: Hallucinogen, hypnotic, anticholinergic. Contraindications: Extremely toxic. Even moderate doses could be fatal. Root contains apoatropine which can be lethal even in small amounts, especially when taken orally. Use not recommended. See ATROPINE and SCOPOLAMINE. Supplier: Seeds RCS.BETEL NUT -- _Areca catechu._ Family Palmaceae (Palm family). Material: The large seed of this Asian palm tree. Usage: It is wrapped in the leaf of the betel pepper (_Piper chavica betel_) and sprinkled with burnt lime, catechu gum from the Malayan acacia tree (_Acacia catechu_) and nutmeg, cardamom or other species. This morsel is placed in the mouth and sucked on for several hours. Active Constituents: Arecoline (methyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1- methylnicotinate), a votalite oil, is released from the nut by action of saliva and time. Betel leaf contains chavicol, allylpyrocathechol, chavibetol and cadinene. Effects: Arecoline is a central nervous system stimulant. It increases respiration and decreases the work load of the heart. Betel leaf has mild stimulating properties. Contraindications: Excessive arecoline from immoderate use or from unripe nuts can cause dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, and convulsions. Frequent use stains mouth, gums, and teeth deep red (caused by catechu gum). Long-term overuse of betel nut is said to weaken sexual potency. Supplier: Areca nuts and betel leaves, MGH; young palms, RCS.BROOM -- (_Genista,_ _Cytisus,_ _Spartium_ spp.). Family Legu