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RUBIDIUM STANDARDRUBIDIUM STANDARD

Doug McArthur VK3UM GippsTech 2011Doug McArthur VK3UM GippsTech 2011

A Frequency Standard for an IC 910H

WHY ? WHY ? I already have the Hi Stab Xtal option fitted!I already have the Hi Stab Xtal option fitted!

It seemed a simple and worth while It seemed a simple and worth while project that would provide stability and project that would provide stability and frequency readout better than 2 x 10^11.frequency readout better than 2 x 10^11.

It did not need an outside antennae.It did not need an outside antennae.

Relatively inexpensive.Relatively inexpensive.

Well researched by Tim Tuck VK2XTTWell researched by Tim Tuck VK2XTT

The IC 910H has a single reference The IC 910H has a single reference frequency of frequency of 30.20030.200 MHz.MHz.

RUBIDIUM STANDARD .. FE 5680ARUBIDIUM STANDARD .. FE 5680A

They are not all the same. You need to obtain They are not all the same. You need to obtain one that is fully programmable. one that is fully programmable.

One that can be programmed to 10.06666 MHz One that can be programmed to 10.06666 MHz not just the fine offset at 50.255x MHznot just the fine offset at 50.255x MHz

Draw ~ 1.9A on start up falling to about 500mA.Draw ~ 1.9A on start up falling to about 500mA.

Run at a case temperature of 47c.Run at a case temperature of 47c.

Use a Use a triplertripler from 10.0666MHz to 30.200 MHz. from 10.0666MHz to 30.200 MHz.

Additional amplifier to provide 2 x +10dBm Additional amplifier to provide 2 x +10dBm 30.2000 MHz outputs. [30.2000 MHz outputs. [GALI-39 WIDEBAND AMPLIFIER KIT from Minikits]

Typical programmable frequency response of the FETypical programmable frequency response of the FE-- 5680A5680A

55 MHzMHz --2.76 dBm2.76 dBm second harmonic second harmonic --39 dBm, 3rd 39 dBm, 3rd --54 dBm54 dBm 66 +1.00 dBm+1.00 dBm second harmonicsecond harmonic --38 dBm38 dBm 77 +4.22 dBm+4.22 dBm second harmonic second harmonic --41 dBm41 dBm 88 +6.59 dBm+6.59 dBm 99 +7.40 dBm+7.40 dBm 1010 +6.72 dBm+6.72 dBm 1111 +5.33 dBm+5.33 dBm 1212 +3.73 dBm+3.73 dBm 1313 +1.11 dBm+1.11 dBm spuriousspurious atat 11.6 @11.6 @--55 dBm55 dBm 1414 --3.32 dBm3.32 dBm 1515 --8.73 dBm8.73 dBm 1616 --14.11 dBm14.11 dBm 1717 --19.04 dBm19.04 dBm 1818 --24.09 dBm24.09 dBm 1919 --28.45 dBm28.45 dBm 2020 --32.58 dBm .. many outputs 1MHz , 10.3MHz32.58 dBm .. many outputs 1MHz , 10.3MHz

How it worksHow it works

The Rubidium Physics Package incorporates a rubidium cell, rubidThe Rubidium Physics Package incorporates a rubidium cell, rubidium lamp, ium lamp, and servo electronics to utilize the groundand servo electronics to utilize the ground--state hyperfine transition of the state hyperfine transition of the rubidium atom, at approximately 6.834x GHz. The VCXO is locked rubidium atom, at approximately 6.834x GHz. The VCXO is locked to the to the rubidium atomic resonance in the following manner. The VCXO frubidium atomic resonance in the following manner. The VCXO frequency requency of 50.255x MHz is an exact subof 50.255x MHz is an exact sub--multiple (multiple (136) of the atomic resonance 136) of the atomic resonance frequency at 6.834x GHz. A microwave signal, having a frequencyfrequency at 6.834x GHz. A microwave signal, having a frequency in the in the vicinity of 6.834x GHz, is generated from the nominal 50.255x MHvicinity of 6.834x GHz, is generated from the nominal 50.255x MHz VCXO z VCXO input. This microwave signal is used to resonate vaporized rubiinput. This microwave signal is used to resonate vaporized rubidium atoms dium atoms within a sealed glass Rb resonance cell that is placed in a lowwithin a sealed glass Rb resonance cell that is placed in a low

Q microwave cavity. The microwave frequency generation method iQ microwave cavity. The microwave frequency generation method is s designed so that the VCXO frequency is exactly 50.255x MHz when designed so that the VCXO frequency is exactly 50.255x MHz when the the microwave frequency is exactly equal to 6.834x GHz. The frequenmicrowave frequency is exactly equal to 6.834x GHz. The frequency of the cy of the signal applied to the microwave cavity can be maintained equal tsignal applied to the microwave cavity can be maintained equal to 6.834x o 6.834x GHz by generating an error signal when the frequency varies, andGHz by generating an error signal when the frequency varies, and using this using this error signal to servo the VCXO via its control voltage. The erroerror signal to servo the VCXO via its control voltage. The error signal is r signal is generated in the physics package. Light from the rubidium lamp,generated in the physics package. Light from the rubidium lamp, produced produced by an excited plasma discharge, is filtered and passed through tby an excited plasma discharge, is filtered and passed through the rubidium he rubidium resonance cell where it interacts with rubidium atoms in the vapresonance cell where it interacts with rubidium atoms in the vapor. After or. After passing through the resonance cell, this light is incident upon passing through the resonance cell, this light is incident upon a photocell. a photocell. When the applied microwave frequency is equal to 6.834x GHz, theWhen the applied microwave frequency is equal to 6.834x GHz, the rubidium atoms are resonated by the microwave field in the cavitrubidium atoms are resonated by the microwave field in the cavity; this y; this causes the light reaching the photocell to decrease. The decreacauses the light reaching the photocell to decrease. The decrease in light, se in light, when the microwave frequency is equal to the sharply defined Rubwhen the microwave frequency is equal to the sharply defined Rubidium idium frequency, is then converted electronically to an error signal wfrequency, is then converted electronically to an error signal with phase and ith phase and amplitude information that is used to steer the VCXO via its conamplitude information that is used to steer the VCXO via its control voltage trol voltage and keep it on frequency at 50.255xand keep it on frequency at 50.255x

Rubidium Standard FE 5680A .. Tripler GALI-39 Wideband Amplifier .. Splitter.

Power Supply

Modifications to the IC 910H

Inside the FE 5680AInside the FE 5680A

Top View

Inside the FE 5680AInside the FE 5680A

Bottom View

Rubidium CellRubidium Cell

Dual Standard Test ModuleDual Standard Test Module

Additional information can be obtained fro Additional information can be obtained fro my web site at my web site at www.vk3um.comwww.vk3um.com

Acknowledgements Acknowledgements

Tim Tuck VK2XTTTim Tuck VK2XTT

Murray Greenman ZL1BPUMurray Greenman ZL1BPU

Matthias Bopp DD1US Matthias Bopp DD1US

Bob Campbell VK4XVBob Campbell VK4XV

http://www.vk3um.com/

RUBIDIUM STANDARDWHY ? I already have the Hi Stab Xtal option fitted!RUBIDIUM STANDARD .. FE 5680ATypical programmable frequency response of the FE- 5680AHow it worksSlide Number 6Slide Number 7Slide Number 8Slide Number 9Slide Number 10Inside the FE 5680ARubidium CellDual Standard Test ModuleSlide Number 14

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