roman empire and han dynasty a short comparison ap world history

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  • Roman Empire and Han DynastyA Short ComparisonAP World History

  • Roman Empire

  • Han Dynasty

  • CharacteristicsHan ChinaWell organized bureaucracy based upon Confucian ideas and educationRoman EmpireWell organized bureaucracy founded on Roman law and classical learning

  • CharacteristicsHan ChinaEmphasis on Family ancestors: patriarchicalReliance on landed gentryEngineering accomplishments: roads, canals, the Great WallRoman EmpireEmphasis on family: pater familiasReliance on patriciansEngineering accomplishments: roads, aqueducts, amphitheatres, domes, sewage systems, central heating

  • CharacteristicsGrand CanalRoman Roads

  • CharacteristicsGreat WallRoman Aqueduct

  • CharacteristicsHan ChinaReligion: Confucianism, Daoism, native gods, intro to BuddhismRoman EmpireReligion: Emperor as god, paganism, intro to Christianity

  • Decline of Han DynastyInfighting among ruling elitesInequitable distribution of land - tax burden fell on peasants rather than on large landownersSeries of peasant rebellionsGenerals usurp political power - become warlords

  • Decline of Han Dynasty220 CE generals divide empire into three kingdoms.Emigration of nomadic peoples into N. China kept country disunited

  • Decline of Roman EmpireInternal opposition - barrack emperorsDifficulties in administering vast empire creates rivalries and divisions of authorityEastern and Western Empire - capital moved to Constantinople

  • Decline of Roman EmpireGermanic invasions by Vandals, Ostrogoths, and Visigoths476 Odacer deposes final Western Roman EmperorEastern Roman Empire becomes Byzantine Empire - lasts another 1000 years

  • Shared CharacteristicsDecline in Morals and ValuesDecline in those values that have upheld this particular society togetherPublic Health and Urban DecayPolitical CorruptionUnemployment and InflationInferior technologyMilitary Spending

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