role of librarians in digital scholarship

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  • TITLE OF PRESENTATION |

    Presented By

    Date

    RoleofLibrariansinDigitalScholarship

    Pio Omana

    2015 March

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    Going Digital with ElsevierWhere can ELSEVIER help?

    What is Digital Scholarship today?Defining what it is

    Summary

    How important are you?Help define the standards of digital scholarship

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    What is Digital Scholarship ?

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    istheuseofdigitalevidence,methodsofinquiry,research,publicationandpreservationtoachievescholarlyandresearchgoals.

    Digitalscholarshipcanencompassbothscholarlycommunicationusingdigitalmediaandresearchondigitalmedia.

    Animportantaspectofdigitalscholarshipistheefforttoestablishdigitalmediaandsocialmediaascredible,professionalandlegitimatemeansofresearchandcommunication.

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    What are the general drivers for this movement?

    Knowledge synthesis Publishing in electronic-only journals

    (hyperlinked) Desire for feedback on work Need to connect/interact/collaborate with other

    scholars D.S. is less expensive and more flexible than

    print publishing Access Ability to merge scholarship with teaching

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    Current constraint / inhibitors?

    Digital cant replace the human interactive experience Lack of institutional recognition Intellectual property concerns Lack of trust in the future of technologies Preservation/standards rollover/digital migration Credibility and authenticity Lack of literacy regarding digital information Time Technical knowledge Worries about security

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    Why digital scholarship?

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    I think that the digital media are interesting enough in their own right to be worth originating something in. Because, really, the moment you have any idea, the

    second thought that enters your mind after the original idea is, "What is this? Is it a book, is it a

    movie, is it a this, is it a that, is it a short story, is it a breakfast cereal?" Really, from that moment, your

    decision about what kind of thing it is then determines how it develops. So something will be very, very different if it's developed as a CD-ROM

    than if it's developed as a book. - Douglas Adams, Interview with The Onion A.V. Club

    (1998)

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    why digital scholarship?

    - Bringing computing power to old humanities questions -

    Working with machines in ways and on scales that our

    brains cannot - Michelle Moravec

    - Bringing different fields together

    - Bringing students into research & original work

    - Making scholarship broadly accessible

    - Exploring relationships between culture and technology

    - COLLABORATION

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    Researchers are looking for a tool that will

    Helpmetodiscovertherelevantinformation

    Keepmeinformedofthelatestdevelopmentsandnews

    Givemeaccesstothedetail

    Maketheprocessquickandeasy

    Source: Qualitative survey results value of ScienceDirect A&G Researchers June 2014

  • TITLE OF PRESENTATION || 11

    Some types of DIGITAL Scholarship

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    How important are YOU?

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    Some questions you need to consider..

    What is driving Digital Scholarship? Is there a question of purpose or definitions?

    What are the current constraints and inhibitors? Time, money, tenure considerations?

    What are the success factors? What has enabled you to engage in digital

    scholarship? What works? What kind of academic

    support have you found useful?

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    process | productdigital pedagogy & digital projects

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    pedagogy (process)goal: exposes students to

    the potential for technology to enhance or alter learning & research; includes reflection on the impact of the tech on learning

    digital scholarship is either process or product or both

    research project (product)goal: provides a long term

    digital scholarly resource that takes advantage of the networked aspects of the Internet to further knowledge generation

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    planning for a digital scholarship project

    3.managing the project

    4.sustaining the project

    2.identifying the team

    1.defining the goals

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    define goals using design-thinking methodology

    - interview potential end users scholars, dh community, students, general public, etc.

    - who is your audience for the project?

    - how will it be used?

    - how is it unique from other scholarly projects?

    - how can others (scholars or general public)

    participate/contribute?

    - Pro activeness of Libraries

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    digital scholarship projects: collaboration is key...

    Faculty/ScholarsLibrary/IT Students

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    developing a digital scholarship project is a networked process

    library/IT copyright Metadata preservation project

    management user experience

    (UX) design tool identification upgrades training/support

    faculty/scholars subject matter

    expertise project goals shared authorship

    students technical assistance research assistance prototype build/test

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    Managing your digital scholarship project

    - roles, responsibilities - timelines and dependencies - prototyping - testing/feedback/iteration

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    Project Thinking

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    Sustaining your digital scholarship project

    - plan for regular upgrades and updates to your project (2-3 year life cycle)

    - collaborate with IT on long term space, tool and support needs

    - collaborate with library on preservation strategy & inclusion in institutional repository

    - Keen consideration of your partners witihin the project

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    Going digital with Elsevier!

  • TITLE OF PRESENTATION |

  • TITLE OF PRESENTATION |

  • TITLE OF PRESENTATION |

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    3.93

    3.43

    2.92

    2.86

    2.70

    2.52

    2.51

    Available on my mobile device

    No digital rights management

    Integrated with other online sources such

    Available to my students for free

    Available when library is closed

    Easier to find

    Easier to searchAnswered question 1846

    1750

    1674

    1766

    1786

    1765

    1818

    1790

    DataSource:2012Elsevierglobalmarketresearchstudy;responsesfrom2815teachers.

    onlinebookshelpinfindingteachingmaterialeasilyfromcontents;savestime,andprovidesallrelevanttopicsinoneplace.HusseinAbdallaHussein,UniversityofBahri/Khartoum/Sudan

    TeachersRanktheBenefitsofeBooks(overprintedbooks)inthelibrary

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    28

    E-books cost less than print books to maintain

    CostElement Print Electronic

    Space High Muchless

    Cleaning Low Muchless

    Maintenance Medium Muchless

    Electricity/climatecontrol Low Somewhatless

    Staffing Low Somewhatless

    Circulation/Access Low Muchless

    Source:PaulN.CourantandMatthewBuzzyNielsen,OnTheCostofKeepingABook,TheIdeaofOrder:TransformingResearchCollectionsfor21stCenturyScholarship,June2010

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    E-book cost per use is superior to Print

    29

    AmountSpent

    TotalUses

    CostPerUse

    2007 $185,991

    2008 $224,047 151,089 $1.48

    2009 $204,678 251,273 $0.81

    2010 $383,167 563,871 $0.68

    2011 $732,725 709,944 $1.05

    Ebooksvs.Printbooks

    $18lowestcostperuseforPrintbooks

    comparedto

    $1averagecostperuseforebooks

    $18lowestcostperuseforPrintbooks

    comparedto

    $1averagecostperuseforebooks

    Source: The Value of E-books to Academic Libraries, A Study of the E-books Catalogue at the University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, LIBVALUE, May 2011

    Source: CARLI, 2008, A Domestic Monograph Collection Assessment in Illinois Academic Libraries: What are we buying and how is it used?

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    Source: IDC report Extracting Value from Chaos 6/11

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    Choosing your partners..

    - Information on demand - competencies inclined with needs - Support in advocacy - Provides data and information for

    baseline needs

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    Libraries in the Philippines..

    AverageSpendingofEP

    InstitutionshaveElectronicMaterials

    Haveinfrastructuretogainelectronic

    content

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    Promoteresearchdissemination

    Generateknowledgeacrossprioritysectors

    Enhanceresearchproductivity

    Support for Higher Education Reform

    Improveresearchcapability

    NationalHigherEducationResearchAgenda2;andRoadmap PublicHigherEducationReform

    1. Knowledgeandtechnologies toadvancenationaldevelopmentandcompetitiveness2. DevelopgloballycompetitiveuniversitiesbyinvestinginR&Dandextension,andmodernfacilities

    PubliclyfundedHEIsasmaininstrumentstomeetneedsofindustry,publicserviceandcivilsociety

    PhilippineDevelopmentPlan(20112016)

    Inpursuitofinclusivegrowth

  • TITLE OF PRESENTATION |

    Philippines vs South-east Asia Research Output Malaysias spectacular growth

    Singapore

    12%

    22%

    15%

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