Risk Management in Pilotage - By Mr. Marantis Stylianos

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<ul><li><p>ISPO requirement for risk management </p><p>11.2 Risk Management </p><p>The pilot organization shall maintain a documented system to ensure that risks are identified, analysed, evaluated and if required controls put in place to reduce the identified risk. Management shall ensure that controls are communicated and their effectiveness reviewed. </p></li><li><p>ISPO requirement for risk management </p><p>11.2 Risk Management </p><p>The pilot organization shall maintain a documented system to ensure that risks are identified, analysed, evaluated and if required controls put in place to reduce the identified risk. Management shall ensure that controls are communicated and their effectiveness reviewed. </p></li><li><p>What is risk? </p><p>Risk is: </p><p> the combination of the likelihood of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of the injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s) [BS 18004:2008] </p><p> effect of uncertainty on objectives [ISO 31000:2009- Risk Management] </p></li><li><p>What kind of risks we have? </p><p>Risk to </p><p>health and </p><p>safety </p><p>Risk to </p><p>environment </p><p>Cost </p><p>Risk to </p><p>operations </p></li><li><p>The unwanted outcomes </p><p> Grounding </p><p> Collision </p><p> Fire </p><p> Explosion </p><p> Foundering </p></li><li><p>The consequences </p><p>Dependent on types of carrier and cargo </p><p> Container ship </p><p> Gas carrier </p><p> Tanker </p><p> Passenger ship </p><p> RoRo / Vehicle carrier </p></li><li><p>more than 80% of all marine accidents </p><p> are caused by human error </p></li><li><p>For human error read </p><p>management system failure </p></li><li><p>Hazard: A substance, situation or practice </p><p>that has the potential to harm , </p></li><li><p> Swiss Cheese Model </p><p>Defenses </p></li><li><p>Definitions of risk management </p><p>Actions that minimize risk within acceptable limits. </p><p>[USCG Risk Based Decision Making Guidelines] </p><p>Safety risk management is a generic term that encompasses the assessment and mitigation of the safety risks of the consequences of hazards that threaten the capabilities of an organization, to a level as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP). </p><p>[International Civil Aviation Organisation] </p></li><li><p>ALARP principle </p></li><li><p>Business management vs. risk management </p><p> Business management is about maximising the chance of success </p><p> Risk management is about minimizing the chance of failure </p><p> Effective risk management requires structured risk assessment as an input </p></li><li><p>Risk assessment in simple terms </p><p> What can go wrong? hazard identification - the hazard turning into an accident </p><p> How likely is it to go wrong? likelihood </p><p> What happens if it does go wrong? consequence </p><p> Do I have to do something about it? Depends on risk level and tolerability of risk </p><p> Implement or improve controls to reduce likelihood </p><p> Implement or improve controls to reduce consequences </p></li><li><p>Identify hazards </p><p>The effective identification of hazards is the key factor in realistic risk assessment </p></li><li><p>Definitions - BS 18004:2008 </p><p> Hazard: Source, situation, or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury </p><p>or ill health, or a combination of these </p><p>Hazardous event (near miss) Occurrence that results in, or has the potential to result in, an incident </p></li><li><p>Identifying hazards </p><p> a common mistake is to identify the hazardous event instead of the hazard </p></li><li><p>Identify hazards </p><p>In considering sources, situations and acts, it may be better to think in terms of </p><p> unsafe acts </p><p> unsafe conditions </p><p> job factors </p><p> personal factors </p></li><li><p>UNSAFE ACTS </p><p> Operating equipment without authority Removing/making safety devices inoperable Using defective equipment Improper use of equipment Not using PPE Servicing equipment in operation Under influence of drink or drugs </p><p> UNSAFE CONDITIONS </p><p> Inadequate guards/barriers Inadequate/improper PPE Defective tools/equipment/material Workspace restrictions Hazardous environmental conditions Noise, high/low temperatures Inadequate lighting Inadequate ventilation </p></li><li><p>PERSONAL FACTORS Physically inadequate Mentally inadequate Lack of knowledge Lack of skill Stress Improper motivation JOB FACTORS Inadequate supervision Inadequate leadership Inadequate engineering Inadequate purchasing Inadequate maintenance Inadequate tools/equip Inadequate work standards Inadequate design </p></li><li><p>Link between risk assessment and incident investigation </p></li><li><p>Improve Controls </p><p>Risk </p><p>Level </p><p>Tolerab</p><p>le? </p><p>Contro</p><p>ls </p><p>Missin</p><p>g? </p><p>Incident </p><p>Existin</p><p>g </p><p>Contro</p><p>ls </p><p>Failed? </p><p>Risk </p><p>Assessment </p><p>Implement </p><p>Controls </p><p>YES YES </p><p>YES </p><p>Incident Investigation </p><p>Risk Assessment </p><p>NO </p></li><li><p>Harm to </p><p>people </p><p>property, </p><p>process, </p><p>environment </p><p>and reputation </p><p>INCIDENT </p><p>DIRECT CAUSE </p><p>INDIRECT CAUSE </p><p>ROOT CAUSE Prevention </p><p>Accident </p><p>Consequenc</p><p>e </p><p>What causes accidents? </p></li><li><p>What do you prefer? </p><p>Being proactive or being reactive? </p><p>What is more expensive? </p></li><li><p>What companys management can do? </p><p>Consider Risk Management as their key business activity </p></li><li><p>What a pilot can do? -Be proactive and loud -Report new hazards identified through near misses -Reluctant to take excessive risk </p></li><li><p> THANK YOU !! </p></li></ul>