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REVISTA DE PEDAGOGIE NR. 58 (2) 2010

CUPRINSABORDRI TEORETICE

CERCETRI, MODELE DE INTERVENIE, BUNE PRACTICI

Gheorghe Toma Consilierea ca profesie i profesionalizarea practicii consilierii .............................................................................................. 7 Carmen Iosifescu Comunitile de practic un posibil instrument de dezvoltare profesional a consilierilor colari .................................................. 15 Ramona-Elena Stemate Metode i tehnici utile n consilierea adolescenilor cu agresivitate ridicat ............................................................. 23 Andrea Laudadio, Giuliana Franciosa, Lavinia Mazzocchetti, Antonietta Maiorano, Francisco Javier Fiz Prez Relaia ciudat ntre persoanele de gen masculin i putere: analiza relaiei ntre valori i starea de bine n adolescen ........................................................................................... Sperana ibu Serviciile de orientare i consilierea carierei din nvmntul superior european analiz comparativ .................................. Lus Sobrado Fernndez, Elena Fernndez Rey, Cristina Ceinos Sanz, Rebeca Garca Murias, Ana Couce Santalla Acreditarea profesionitilor n consiliere n context internaional: analiz comparativ ......................................... Geanina Surdu, Iulian Petre Integrarea socio-profesional a persoanelor seropozitive .................................................................................... Ilkay Savci Deschiderea unor noi arii n construirea carierei pentru copiii strzii din Turcia: tiin, tehnologie i inovaie ...................................... Alina Gravili, Mihai Iacob Conectarea serviciilor de consiliere Modelul GIANT ............................................................................

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AGENDA EDUCAIEI

Luminia Tsica W-Education Ap pentru via educaie pentru ap curat ....................................................................................................... Delia Goia PRESTO Instrumente de susinere a educaiei ntre egali .... Mihai Iacob NCP-VET-CO ........................................................................... Alina Gavrili Tranziia de la coal la piaa muncii ................................... Mihai Iacob Orientarea virtual ...................................................................

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CONTENTS

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

Gheorghe Toma Counselling as a Profession and the Professionalization of the Counselling Practice ................................................ 7 Carmen Iosifescu Communities of practice: a Possible Tool of Professional Development for School Counsellors ......................................... 15 Ramona-Elena Stemate Useful Methods and Techniques in Counselling Adolescents with High Levels of Aggressiveness ........................ 23 Andrea Laudadio, Giuliana Franciosa, Lavinia Mazzocchetti, Antonietta Maiorano, Francisco Javier Fiz Prez The Strange Relation Between Males And Power: Analyzing The Relationship Between Values and Well-Being in Adolescents .................................................................................. Sperana ibu Guidance and Career Counselling Services in European Higher Education Comparative Analysis ...................................... Lus Sobrado Fernndez, Elena Fernndez Rey, Cristina Ceinos Sanz, Rebeca Garca Murias, Ana Couce Santalla Guidance Professionals Accreditation in the International Context: Comparative Analysis ............................ Geanina Surdu, Iulian Petre Social and Professional Insertion of HIV Positive Individuals ...................................................................................... Ilkay Savci Opening a New Career Areas for Street Children in Turkey: Science, Technology, Innovation ........................................................ Alina Gravili, Mihai Iacob Connecting Counselling Services: the GIANT Model ...................................................................................................

STUDIES, INTERVENTION MODELS, GOOD PRACTICES

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EDUCATION'S AGENDA

Luminia Tsica W-Education Water for Life Education for Water ..... Delia Goia PRESTO Peer Related Education Supporting Tools ............ Mihai Iacob NCP-VET-CO ........................................................................... Alina Gavrili School and the World of Work ............................................ Mihai Iacob Virtual Guidance .....................................................................

TEORIE I PRACTICCONSILIEREA CA PROFESIE I PROFESIONALIZAREA PRACTICII CONSILIERIIProf. univ. dr. Gheorghe Toma Universitatea din Bucureti gheorghetomsa@yahoo.com

Rezumat Acest studiu se axeaz pe modalitatea n care s-a dezvoltat profesia de consiliere de la nceputul secolului XX pn n prezent. Activitatea de consiliere s-a conturat ca profesie prin dezvoltarea i maturizarea domeniilor sale de practic specializat cum ar fi: consilierea profesional, consilierea colar, consilierea recuperatorie i consilierea n sntatea mintal. Specificul dezvoltrii profesiei de consiliere const n faptul c, n loc s se dezvolte mai nti profesia de consiliere, dup care s urmeze n mod logic specializarea practicii, aa cum s-a ntmplat n alte domenii (medical, juridic etc.), n consiliere au aprut la nceput domeniile de specialitate, ca rspuns la diversele nevoi umane i abia mai trziu ele au fost conceptualizate ca aparinnd bazei comune a profesiei de consiliere. Condiiile pe care trebuie s le ndeplineasc o activitate social pentru a deveni profesie sunt considerate urmtoarele: a) un corp de cunotine specializate i cercetri bazate pe o teorie; b) o societate sau o asociaie profesional, care s defineasc pregtirea profesionitilor; c) standarde profesionale pentru programele de pregtire; d) un cod etic; e) standarde de admitere pentru practicieni. Majoritatea specialitilor consider c activitatea de consiliere ndeplinete, n totalitate, condiiile enumerate mai sus, fapt pentru care ea poate fi considerat o profesie distinct. n Romnia, condiiile respective sunt ndeplinite doar parial. Mai trebuie elaborate i implementate standarde profesionale pentru programele de pregtire i standarde de admitere pentru practicieni. Cuvinte cheie: consiliere, profesie, condiiile definirii unei profesii, standarde de pregtire, standarde de calitate. Abstract This study focuses on the development of the counselling profession from the beginning of the 20th century up to present. Counselling emerged as a profession as a result of the development and use on a large scale of his practical fields such as: professional counselling, school counselling, recovery counselling and metal health counselling. What makes the profession of counselling different from other professions is that, it did not emerged first as a profession and subsequently developed its practical fields, but it was quite the opposite. Thus, in contrast with other professions (medicine, law etc.) in counselling, the practical specializations emerged first as a result of human needs and demands and only later they were conceptualized into the counselling profession. For a social activity to become a profession it should meet certain conditions: a) specialized systematic information and research based on a theory: b) a professional association that should define the required training of the professionals: c) professional standards for the training programs; d) an ethical code; e) admittance standards for the practitioners. In the opinion of the majority of specialists, the activity of counselling fully meets the above mentioned conditions. Therefore it may be considered as a distinct profession.

Revista de Pedagogie nr. 58 (2) 2010

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However, in our country, these conditions are only partly met. We still need to elaborate and implement the professional standards for the training programs and the admittance for practitioners. Key words: counselling, profession, the conditions for defining a profession, standards of training, standards of quality.

1. nceputurile consilierii i specificul dezvoltrii ei ca profesie

Dei termenul de consiliere a aprut n literatura scris abia n anul 1931, practicarea acestei activiti sau relaii de sprijin dateaz din timpuri strvechi. Spre exemplu, vindecarea de tip psihologic era folosit cu mii de ani n urm, n Grecia i Roma antic, iar dup apariia cretinismului o gsim utilizat n taina spovedaniei. n zilele noastre, consilierea a devenit o profesie conturat n domeniul psihologiei i tiinelor educaiei, ea fiind practicat conform standardelor de certificare i avnd organizaii profesionale proprii, o filosofie, principii, standarde profesionale i coduri etice de conduit proprii. Ca disciplin profesional, consilierea se afl n plin dezvoltare, ea fiind predat la nivel universitar i postuniversitar, n majoritatea rilor lumii contemporane. Istoria consilierii este un proces evolutiv fascinant i, n acelai timp, interesant mai ales n privina modului n care s-a dezvoltat profesia de consiliere i a rapiditii trecerii ei prin procesul de profesionalizare n ultima jumtate a secolului XX. De reinut faptul c, activitatea de consiliere s-a dezvoltat ca profesie, n primul rnd, prin dezvoltarea i maturizarea domeniilor sale de practic specializat, cum ar fi: consilierea colar, consilierea recuperatorie, consilierea profesional i consilierea n sntatea mintal. Aceste domenii de practic specializat au mprtit un corp comun de competene profesionale i de concepte fundamentale. n general, tendinele istorice, filosofice i sociale, precum i politicile publice au contribuit toate mpreun la dezvoltarea diverselor specializri ale consilierii. Prin urmare, n loc s se dezvolte mai nti profesia de consiliere, dup care s urmeze n mod logic specializarea practi