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  • Researchers Forum:

    New Perspectives on the role of culture for sustainable urban development

    POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS

    Moderator: Giulio Verdini (Italy), Associate Professor of Urban Planning and Design and Co-Director of the Research Institute of Urbanisation at Xian

    Jiaotong-Liverpool University

    Speakers:

    - Juliana Forero Bordamalo (Colombia), Programme Specialist for Research, World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia and the Pacific Region under the auspices of UNESCO (WHITRAP) Shanghai, China

    - Anna-Paola Pola (Italy), Researcher, Urbanism and Architecture Institute of Venice - Julia Rey Prez (Spain), Researcher, University of Seville - Loes Veldpaus (Netherlands), Research Associate at the School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape of Newcastle University - Kuai Dashen (China), Research Professor, Deputy Director, Institute of Literature of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences

    INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON

    CULTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE CITIES

    Hangzhou, Peoples Republic of China

    10-12 December 2015

  • CONSERVATION PRACTICES ON THE BASIS OF SOCIOCULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY:

    THE SOCIAL FUNCTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE

    INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CULTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE CITIES

    HANGZHOU, DECEMBER 09 - 12, 2015

    JULIANA FORERO Programme Specialist for Research - HUL Programme

    World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia and the Pacific Region under the auspices of UNESCO (WHITRAP)

  • Index

    1. Background 2. Searching for the Role of Culture for Sustainable Urban Development 3. Sociocultural Sustainability and Cultural Heritage 4. Social Function of Heritage 5. Conclusions

  • 1. Global Development and Trends

    Development paradigm crisis: economic, environmental, social and cultural

    Fast growing economies are now located outside of Europe and USA For example BRICS Indonesia and Latin America

    Re-organization of the population between the global-north and the global-south

    Culture as leader of new development and world composition order

    .Winter (2012) . Winter (2012)

    Urbanization processes more than a half of population coming to live in the city

    Population growth will come from developing countries

    1. BACKGROUND

  • 1. BACKGROUND

    2016 2030 -From cities to metropolis -Digital revolution -Migration to cities Migration back to small towns

    New urban dynamics of development and new urban shapes

    -2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development -Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) -HABITAT III - 2016

    Charters, recommendations, declarations - 2011 HUL

    Approaching the Social Function of Heritage

    Culture, heritage and Sustainability

    Shift of Heritage Concept Broader understandings of belonging

    1. Global Development and Trends

    Globalization

    Global, Social and economic interdependence

  • The Role of Culture for Sustainable Urban Development

    Cultural Heritage Urban Dynamics Sustainable Development

    2. SEARCHING FOR THE ROLE OF CULTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT

  • How the Global South approached sustainable development discourses?

    Global North needs for sustainable developments: economy and environment

    Social Cultural

    Sustainable Approaches +

    Cultural Heritage

    Social Function

    of Heritage

    The Role of Culture for Sustainable Urban Development

    2. SEARCHING FOR THE ROLE OF CULTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT

  • 2. SEARCHING FOR THE ROLE OF CULTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT

  • 1. Social Sustainability

    3. SOCIOCULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE

  • 2. Cultural Heritage

    CULTURAL HERITAGE

    3. SOCIOCULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE

  • 3. The relationship between Sociocultual Sustainability and Cultural Heritage

    SOCIOCULTURAL

    SUSTAINABILITY

    CULTURAL

    HERITAGE

    3. SOCIOCULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE

  • 1. The Social Function of Cultural Heritage

    4. SOCIAL FUNCTION OF HERITAGE

  • 2. The Social Function of Heritage Addresses

    4. SOCIAL FUNCTION OF HERITAGE

  • Cultural Heritage Sociocultural Sustainability

    Social Function of Heritage

    Protect Human Relationships Its environment and spaces

    Inversion of

    Cultural Heritage Role within Development Processes

    From the object to the subject

    From the subject to the object

    5. CONCLUSIONS

    Interrelation between People Space and Time

    Sustainability not as a goal , but as force on the achievement for other aims. People centered people based approach Cultural rights Human rights acknowledgment Citizens active agents of urban development process.

  • A continuing relationship between people, development and heritage

    must be established [] simply put, the aim should be to integrate

    development with preservation

    (Asia Society et al, 1995).

  • Gracias! , Thank you , Vielen dank,

    Grazie, Toda.

  • Historic center and natural environment as constant terms of the design equation Anna-Paola Pola University IUAV of Venice

  • BOLOGNA aerial photo

  • Historical section, restoration subject to protective restrictions

    Green buffer zone areas for hydrogeological defence

    Agricultural area subject to special restrictions

    Historical landscape subject to protective restrictions

    Agricultural area partially subject to special restrictions

    Public green

    2 km

    BOLOGNA (ITA) Plan for the Historic Centre 1969 Plan for the Hill 1969 Master Plan 1970 Municipality (with Giuseppe Campos Venuti, Leonardo Benevolo, Pier Luigi Cervellati, Armando Sarti)

  • The active conservation of the hill, similar to the one that invests the historic centre derives from cultural and social considerations which want to acknowledge that the historic, artistic and landscape heritage of the hill (and the old centre) of Bologna is a preeminent value of civilization, absolute and universal, such as to be considered a heritage for the whole community.

    City of Bologna, Piano Regolatore Generale [General Masterplan], STEB, Bologna 1973, p. 99

  • BOLOGNA photo Nino Comaschi 1956-57 (Cineteca di Bologna, archive Comaschi)

  • BOLOGNA cultivated fields, mountains, river Reno

  • BURSA aerial photo

  • BURSA photo Giovanni Astengo (Urbanistica 36-37, 1962)

  • Bursa has numerous monumental, architectural and natural values at a time where very few cities in the world can boast the same. Their conservation and development should be the first concern of the general plan. We have to note that not only the individual monuments taken one by one should be conserved, but rather the whole environment in which they live () the houses, the gardens, the big trees, the views; these things are the essential elements that give the scale itself to the monumental works It must indeed maintain in the strongest terms: the landscape views () and the only agricultural use of the large valley at the foot of Bursa, which constitutes the essential element of the city, its main source of wealth and the basic reason of its beauty

    Luigi Piccinato, Report of the General Masterplan, 1958

  • Historical urban area to be preserved

    Green zone areas to be planted

    Agricultural area subject to special restrictions

    Public green

    2 km

    Historical landscape to be preserved

    Private gardens

    Green zone areas for geological defence

    Forest to be preserved

    BURSA (TUR) General Masterplan and Town Plan 1958 Plan of Reconstruction of the bazaar 1958 Luigi Piccinato

  • BURSA Abdal Kprs

  • YAZD aerial photo

  • YAZD wind trappers

  • Historical section, restoration and renewal subject to special restrictions

    Green buffer zone areas planted to form barriers against desert sands

    Agricultural zone to be preserved as buffer area for rural districts

    Public green

    2 km

    YAZD (IRN)

    General Masterplan, 2nd phase 1977 Mehdi Kowsar (with Ludovico Quaroni, consultant)

  • YAZD Georg Gerster 1977 walled orchards sit amidst fields in a net of irrigation channels and ditches

  • BOLOGNA photo Archivio Leonardo Benevolo

  • BURSA photo source Urbanistica 36-37, 1962

  • YAZD photo Georg Gerster 1977

  • International Conference on Culture for Sustainable Cities Hangzhou, China. December 2015

    THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE FROM AN INTERDISCIPLINARY

    AND CITIZENSHIP VIEW. THE CASE OF CUENCA, ECUADOR

    Julia Rey Prez, Ph. D. Architect Professor of the University of Sevilla (Spain) Co-director of Project PUH_C at the University of Cuenca (Ecuador) Source: J. Rey

  • Source: https://maps.google.ec

    Source: https://maps.google.ec

    Urban Fabric on the foundation of Cuenca in 1557. Source: Albornoz, B. (2008), Planos e imgenes de Cuenca, Cuenca: I. Municipalidad de Cuenca.

    https://maps.google.ec/https://maps.google.ec/https://maps.google.ec/https://maps.google.ec/

  • Source: Criollo, J., Macancela, J., Washima, S., Heras, V. (2007)

    Source: Mariana Snchez

  • Source: F. Cardoso

  • Municipality. Gilberto Gatto Sobral So

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