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  • Research &

    Innovation Agenda

    D4.3 DEEDS Research & Innovation Agenda

  • DEEDS – 736646 D4.3 – DEEDS Research & Innovation Agenda

    DEEDS

    Dialogue on European Decarbonisation Pathways

    GA No. 776646

    Deliverable No. D4.3

    Deliverable Title DEEDS Research & Innovation Agenda

    Dissemination

    level

    Public

    Lead participant TNO

    Written by Adriaan Slob, Rosamaria Olivadese, Anthony

    Velazquez Abad, Elena Beianu, Jeroen Brouwer,

    Thierry Brunelle, Paul Deane, Tom Kober, Arne

    Lorenz, Gunnar Luderer, Francesco Fuso Nerini,

    Robert Pietzcker, Kannan Ramachandran, Renato

    Rodrigues, Elena Verdolini, Zoi Vrontisi, Mario

    Willems

    Reviewed by Paul Deane, Elena Beianu 18.05.2020

    Acknowledgement

    Status Final 20.05.2020

    This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation

    programme under grant agreement No 776646. The sole responsibility for the content of this document

    lies with the DEEDS project and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Union.

  • DEEDS – 736646 D4.3 – DEEDS Research & Innovation Agenda

    Contents

    Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................................. 1

    1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................ 5

    1.1 The DialoguE on European Decarbonisation Strategies (DEEDS) ........................................ 5

    1.2 The European Green Deal ................................................................................................................... 6

    1.3 A green recovery from the COVID-19 Pandemic ....................................................................... 7

    1.4 The Research & Innovation Agenda ............................................................................................... 7

    2 The cross-cutting character of the European Green Deal ..................................................................... 9

    2.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 9

    2.2 System integration and new modes of governance ............................................................... 10

    2.3 Fostering inter- and transdisciplinary science ........................................................................... 11

    2.4 Digitalisation .......................................................................................................................................... 12

    2.5 Adapting and learning to transform ............................................................................................. 13

    2.6 Establish Transition Super-Labs in regions that are difficult to transform ..................... 14

    3 Clean, affordable, and secure energy .......................................................................................................... 15

    3.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 15

    3.2 Policies and markets to guide the transformation .................................................................. 16

    3.3 VRE integration and sector coupling ............................................................................................ 18

    3.4 Renewables-based hydrogen and synthetic fuels ................................................................... 19

    3.5 Smart energy infrastructures for a low carbon future ............................................................ 20

    3.6 Carbon-negative technologies ........................................................................................................ 20

    4 A Clean and Circular Industry ......................................................................................................................... 22

    4.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 22

    4.2 Speed up deployment of energy efficiency and materials saving technologies.......... 23

    4.3 Deep electrification of industrial sectors ..................................................................................... 24

    4.4 Embedding industrial processes in the circular economy .................................................... 25

    4.5 Targeting zero-carbon breakthroughs in process-based emission industries ............. 27

    5 Promoting climate-neutral and smart cities ............................................................................................. 28

    5.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 28

    5.2 Harmonisation of cities´ climate action across sectors through governance and

    urban planning .................................................................................................................................................... 29

  • DEEDS – 736646 D4.3 – DEEDS Research & Innovation Agenda

    5.3 Smart and integrated technologies for low carbon cities .................................................... 30

    5.4 Engagement of citizens and businesses through living labs ............................................... 31

    6 Accelerating the shift to sustainable smart transport systems .......................................................... 33

    6.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 33

    6.2 Automated and connected multi-modal mobility solutions ............................................... 34

    6.3 Efficient and clean transport technologies and fuels, and the corresponding

    infrastructure ....................................................................................................................................................... 35

    6.4 New transport sector policies .......................................................................................................... 37

    7 A fair, healthy and environmental-friendly food system while preserving and restoring

    ecosystems and biodiversity .............................................................................................................................. 39

    7.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 39

    7.2 From farm to fork – implementing Circular Concepts in the agricultural sector ......... 40

    7.3 Reduce the GHG emissions of agricultural sector, and increasing the capacity of

    land, forestry and agriculture systems to promote further negative emissions and absorb

    carbon .................................................................................................................................................................... 41

    7.4 Understanding the relation and trade-offs between the agricultural sector and Bio-

    energy and materials ........................................................................................................................................ 43

    8 Green finance and investments ..................................................................................................................... 44

    8.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 44

    8.2 Ensuring low-cost, large-scale financial availability and well-informed assessments of

    investment needs and macroeconomic implications ........................................................................... 45

    8.3 Supporting the long-term redesign of the current financial system ................................ 47

    9 A fair and inclusive energy transition .......................................................................................................... 50

    9.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 50

    9.2 Behaviour and lifestyle change ....................................................................................................... 51

    9.3 Social innovation .................................................................................................................................. 52

    9.4 Leaving no one and no region behind ......................................................................................... 53

    List of acronyms ...................................................................................................................................................... 55

    References ................................................................................................................................................................. 57

  • DEEDS – 736646 D4.3 – DEEDS Research &amp