Regional Conference to End Homelessness Norfolk, VA Suzanne Wagner, Housing Innovations March 8, 2012.
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Regional Conference to End HomelessnessNorfolk, VASuzanne Wagner, Housing InnovationsMarch 8, 2012When the music changes, so does the dance.-- African Proverb*HEARTH Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to HousingFederal Strategic Plan (FSP), Opening DoorsMutually ReinforcingExtend and Amplify each otherTime of Change, new dance **Impetus and tools for system transformation new eligible activitesEstablish outcomesFocus on performanceCoordination with other systems, resources and planning processesUse of Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs)Rapid Rehousing for FamiliesPermanent Supportive Housing for Chronically Homeless Single Adults and Families*Reduce length of time people spend in the crisis of homelessnessRapidly exit people from homelessness to permanent housingProvide services in the home to achieve housing stability and prevent returns to homelessnessFocus on income and employment*Decrease numbers of people who are homelessDecrease length of time people are homelessIncrease exits to PHIncrease incomeReduce returns to homelessnessWill apply to shelters, transitional and permanent supportive housing programsHigh performing communities*Developed by the US Interagency Council on Homelessness (US ICH) 19 federal agenciesFinish job of ending chronic homelessness in 5 yearsPrevent and end Veteran homelessness in 5 yearsPrevent and end homelessness for families, youth and children in 10 yearsSet a path to ending all types of homelessness*Increase Leadership, Collaboration and Civic Engagement Increase Access to Stable, Affordable HousingIncrease Economic SecurityImprove Health and StabilityRetool Homeless Crisis Response System*ALOS Under 20 days or at least 10% below prior yearFewer than 5% will become homeless again within next 2 years or at least 20% below prior yearActively encouraged homeless people to participate in services; included all homeless people in HMISActivities have been effective in reducing homelessnessNo family is homeless for more than 30 days *When will the music start? *Plenty to do now ChallengesMoneyLack of Guidance from HUDTimely Release of Memo from HUD*The CoC has been flat funded. To maximize the number of new units funded this year, HUD has been aggressively recapturing funds from grants that have not been fully expended and drawn down by the end of their grant period. Through this process, HUD is also identifying grantees that consistently return money, since in many cases these funds cannot be re-used for other CoC programs and must be returned to the U.S. Treasury. HUD strongly encourage grantees and CoCs to review all renewal project budgets and spending rates to prevent these types of recaptures, thereby demonstrating strong stewardship of federal funds at both the grantee and CoC levels. *On January 4, 2012, the interim rules on the Emergency Solutions Grant (ESG) program and corresponding amendments to the Consolidated Plan went into effect. Until a final rule is published, the interim rule regulates the use of the second allocation of FY2011 ESG funds and the FY2012 ESG allocation. The FY2012 budget for the ESG program is $286 million, an increase of $36 million from FY2011. The increase will assist communities to transition programs created under HPRP, the Diversion/Rapid Rehousing program. These funds are expected to particularly impact homeless families with children, a HUD priority population. *HUD is in the final stages of clearing for release both the Continuum of Care (CoC) and Rural Housing Stability Program (RHSP) rules. Congress has directed that these rules be published as interim so they can be implemented in FY2012; therefore, The 2012 NOFA will reflect the HEARTH requirements and all grants awarded through the 2012 competition will be required to comply with the interim rules.The FY2012 appropriation is less than requested by a half billion, so not all the HEARTH Act requirements or all the HUD-related goals in the FSP Plan can be fully realized. HUD will be deciding which provisions of HEARTH to implement in 2012 to maximize the impact. *Rules that will be included the 2012 NOFA:Renewal of existing projects, as provided for in HEARTH, is a priority; While the Act authorizes increases in administration, leasing, rental assistance and operating funds for renewals, it is unlikely that projects will receive the maximum increases allowed; Continuum of Care planning funds may be available, although at levels lower than the 3% allowed by law; S+C funds will be part of funds available for reallocationFunding for Unified Funding Agencies is not likely to be available in FY2012 and HUD does not intend to implement the High Performing Communities provisions in FY2012 due to lack of sufficient data and budget constraints.*Areas of FocusProgram Evaluation and DevelopmentSystem Evaluation and ReorganizationCoordination Beyond the Continuum of Care*Decrease in newly homelessPrevention/DiversionDecrease length of stayRapid RehousingReduce LOS in Shelter and TH use rapid exit approachIncrease income and exits to PH and decrease returns to homelessnessHousing Stabilization Services Critical Time Intervention (CTI)Connections with mainstream and community-based servicesEviction Prevention Services*Establish coordinated intakeDivert at the front door to shelter wherever possibleMove people rapidly into permanent housing from emergency shelter and transitional housingFocus on employment, income and benefitsProvide aftercare or access to services to stabilize once in housing*Link with community-based (mainstream) services and amenities and natural supportsImplement Moving On Programs from PSHPrinciples and Practices of CTI (Critical Time Intervention) and other EBPs may be useful. www.criticaltime.orgProvide eviction prevention services not just legal, earlier in the processLook at your program data and outcomes and get them right**Chart10.650.710.790.6HUD Benchmark200920102011Sheet1HUD Benchmark200920102011% moving from TH to PH65.00%71.00%79.00%60%Category 22.54.42Category 33.51.83Category 44.52.85To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.*Chart10.770.610.670.57HUD Benchmark200920102011Sheet1HUD Benchmark200920102011% Remaining for 6+ months77.00%61.00%67.00%57%Category 22.54.42Category 33.51.83Category 44.52.85To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.*Chart10.20.580.390.54SSI0.110.070.05Food Stamps0.320.240.27No financial resources0.280.220.21HUD Benchmark200920102011Sheet1HUD Benchmark200920102011Employment20%58%39%54%SSI11%7%5%Food Stamps32%24%27%No financial resources28%22%21%To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.How do programs work together?Are some programs more effective than others? What are the systems outcomes? Are people permanently ending their homelessness? What are your current investments? What are the costs per outcome? *ESG grantees must coordinate with CoCConsult on allocation of funding for ESG activitiesMust participate in HMISCoordinated IntakeOutcomes will be reported in CoC Exhibit 1 in 2012CoCs must coordinate with: ESG GranteesEvaluate outcomes and analyze use of ESG fundsConsolidated Plans Public Housing Authority (PHA) plansLocal Ten Year PlansNon-homeless systems - MH, VA, Youth, Housing, Employment*Coordinated IntakeAll ESG and CoC recipients must use a centralized/coordinated system to initially assess the eligibility and needs of each person who seeks homeless assistance or prevention assistance.At least 40% of funds must be spent on Prevention/Diversion and Rapid RehousingNew activities:Short/medium term rental assistance for up to 24 monthsHousing relocation/stabilization to homeless or at risk financial assistance utilities, arrears, moving costsParallel HPRP activities*SHP, S+C, SRO Mod become a single CoC programAcquisition, rehabilitation, and construction activities the same as under SHP but matching requirements changedLeasing is the same no match requiredRental assistance for transitional (a version of RR) or permanent housingProject based, sponsor based or tenant basedCan provide rental assistance to preserve existing PSHOperating costs same but can include service coordination. *Supportive services essentially same as SHP but include legal services to get entitlementsRehousing services to include: housing searchmediationoutreach to property ownerscredit repair, providing security or utility depositsrental assistance for a final month at a locationassistance with moving costs or other activities that: are effective in moving people into housing or helping them in first 6 months in PHAdmin costs to project sponsors up to 10%**Chart1454808HMISHMISHMISSSOSSOSSO955073Safe HavenSafe Haven103740610561Transitional250416725482841954Permanent959592521791614561HMISLeasingOpersServicesSheet1HMISLeasingOpersServicesHMIS$454,808SSO$955,073Safe Haven$103,740$610,561Transitional$250,416$725,482$841,954Permanent$959,592$521,791$614,561To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.*Chart11210008206707631834314331512011 InvestmentsSheet12011 InvestmentsLeasing$1,210,008Operations$2,067,076Services$3,183,431HMIS$433,151To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.**Performance as described aboveCommunity Plans focus on: reducing homelessnesseducational needs of children andneeds of all homeless sub-populations. CoC plan aligns with Ten Year Plan (TYP). Measureable targets, timelines, funding, leadership and staff. Process for Prioritizing Funding method is based on objective public criteria that consider the full range of opinions and use data for analysis*Look at current portfolio of projects relative to expenditure of funds and performance to determine what, if any, changes should be made. Begin considering which projects, in whole or in part, they may want to reallocate to free up resources for new efforts. In the 2012 NOFA, all funds will be counted towards a CoCs Hold Harmless Need (HHN) amountincluding projects that are currently funded under S+C; therefore, for the first time, CoCs will be permitted to include these grants in any reallocation strategy. Conduct an analysis to determine which partnerships within your community work well and which need more attention and focus. *Consider what HPRP strategies worked best and whether any of these strategies are more effective, efficient, and attractive to consumers than the current ESG and CoC-funded approaches.Assess what efficiencies can/should be made to current homeless assistance &response system? Look at cost per positive outcome, coordinated intake, how mainstream affordable housing is usedCoCs should assess their data tools, counting methodologies, and HMIS and determine if changes and/or improvements need to be made. *Take Lessons!!!A webinar a weekListservsHUD www.hudhre.infoUS Interagency Council (ICH)www.usich.govNational Alliance to End Homelessnesswww.endhomelessness.org*Look at the data on key indicators!Use HUD Standards to Evaluate ProgramsMark Johnston on THGet baseline on current performance and make sure your data is accurateFocus on individual program performance on indicators movement to permanent housing, access to benefits, increases in income, permanent housing retention**Chart1256291387187022871157612602676495668351200920102011Sheet1200920102011Households with children256291387Adult only households187022871157Chronically homeless612602676Veterans495668351*Chart15206126026765937371322008200920102011Sheet12008200920102011Chronically Homeless People520612602676CH Beds593737132Category 33.51.83Category 44.52.85To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.Think about whether you can provide Transition in Place with current CoC funded programs/activitiesReflect on successes and challenges of HPRPBoth Prevention and Rapid Rehousing elementsMeet with community-based services in your area to see how they can support people once housedFor Emergency Shelter and TH, think about exit plan from day one*Renewal Evaluation ProcessTraining/Support to Agencies Review data on: Length of Stay (LOS)Exits to permanent housing, to unknown and to homelessnessRates of maintaining and increasing incomeEvaluate funding and program allocations, outcomes and returns on investmentsConsider program conversions/modifications to achieve outcomes**StandardCriteriaPtsHow scoredOccupancy/Average Bed Utilization Rate90%6Scaled to 75%, Below 75%=0PSH Programs: Length of stay 7 months or longer (for leavers)85%6Scaled to 77%, Below 77%=0TH Programs: Exits to Permanent Housing80%6Scaled to 75%, Below 75%=0Health Insurance for Leavers (Includes Medicaid, Veterans Health Care, Private Insurance, etc)30%6Proportional/ %ageFood Stamps for Leavers50%6Proportional/ %ageEmployment for Leavers25%6Proportional/ %ageIncome Amounts Maintained /Increased for Leavers85%785% or >=7, 70-85 = 4Below 70%=0Leavers who exit to shelter, streets or unknown10% or less610% or < = 6, 11-20% = 2Over 20% = 0Leavers who exit with non-cash resources80% or >780% or > = 7, 70-79% = 3Below 70% = 0Spending/Draw downsMonthly6Within 30 days = 6, 31-90 days = 4, More than 90 days = 0Organizational/Administrative StructureWho is part of the CoC and who is missing? Is DOE/School system represented?Are there benefits to joining with other CoCs/reconfiguring geography? If you could start your CoC over from scratch, what would it look like? Is there an entity that is ready to be the Collaborative Applicant? Are there organizations that could & would take on the UFA role? Planning ProcessesHow aligned are your TYP and CoC? What about ESG?Are you involved in the Consolidated Plan process? Do you know how to influence how the $ is spent? Do you have a plan for responding to the HEARTH draft regulations?*Performance Is the HMIS able to accurately report on LOS, returns to homelessness, newly homeless?What is current performance on these indicators?How can you manage for and influence these outcomes?What adjustments should be made to the new Renewal Performance Evaluation Process to better support achievement of outcomes and meet HUDs guidelines for prioritizing funding?System DesignDoes the mix of programs in the system need to change in order to achieve performance outcomes? Do the programs you have and populations needs match? Are there programs that are not working or could be improved/transformed? How will HPRP activities continue? ***************************
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