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    MARIA MARGARETHA11.2014.307

    VANIA EVA KEZIA 11.2015.171

    REFERATOZAENA

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    PENDAHULUAN Rinitis atrof in!si "i#$n% !roni!& #%n atrof

    'ro%rsi 'a#a ($!osa #an t$)an% !on!a #an'(*nt$!an !r$sta !rin% +% *r*a$ *$s$!

    ,anita - )a!i)a!i& !"$s$n+a #/asa ($#a

    rin% #it($!an 'a#a (as+ara!at sosia) !ono(i

    rn#a"& )in%!$n%an +an% *$r$! #an #i n%ara*r!(*an%.

    an+a! #it($!an #i n%ara tro'is.

    n+*a* 'asti *)$( #i!ta"$i a!tor "r#itr&in!si s'sif!& stat$s %ii& #))

    n%o*atan s. Konsrati 6i!a %a%a)'(*#a"an

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    ANATMI HI89NG

    Hi#$n% :$arHi#$n% )$ar *r*nt$!'+ra(i#& *a%ian*a%iann+a#ari atas ! *a/a";

    1. an%!a) "i#$n%

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    Hi#$n% )$ar #i*nt$! o)"; Kran%!a t$)an%

    T$)an% ra/an +an% #i)a'isi !$)it

    ?arin%an i!at

    tot !i)

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    Kran%!a t$)an%;

    1. s nasa)is

    2. ross$s ronta)is os (a!si)a

    3. ross$s nasa)is os ronta)is

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    Kran%!a t$)an% ra/an;

    1. 'asan% !arti)a%o nasa)is )atra)iss$'rior

    2. 'asan% !arti)a%o nasa)is )atra)isinrior

    3. Karti)a%o a)ar (inor

    4. T'i antrior !arti)a%o s't$(

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    Hi#$n% *a%. #a)a(

    1. Nars Antrior

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    a$( nasi

    8in#in%#in#in% !a$( nasi1. 8in#in% M#ia)

    2. 8in#in% :atra)

    3. 8in#in% Inrior

    4. 8in#in% $'rior5. 8in#in% ostrior

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    1. 8in#in% M#ia)'t$( NasiTrs$s$n o)"

    1. a%ian antrior ; t$)an% ra/an

    .riost$(

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    8in#in% :atra)a%ian 8'an ; A%ar Nasi

    a%ian )a!an% ;

    Kon!a Inrior

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    8in#in% Inrior(r'!an #asar ron%%a "i#$n%

    #i*nt$! o)" os (a!si)a #an os 'a)at$(

    8in#in% s$'rior

    san%at s('it#i*nt$! o)" )a(ina !ri*rior(is

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    r#ara"an Hi#$n%

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    a%ian atas ron%%a "i#$n% (n#a'at 'r#ara"an #ari a.t(oi# antrior #an 'ostrior +% (r$'a!an a*an% a.ota)(i!a

    a%ian #'an s't$(

    Tr#a'at anasto(osis #ari a*2 a. no'a)atina& a.Et(oi# antrior& a. :a*ia)is s$'rior& a. a)atina (a6or)!s$s Kiss)*a"

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    Vnana "i#$n% *r6a)an*r#a('in%an #n%an artri. Vna #isti*$)$( #an str$!t$r )$ar "i#$n%*r($ara ke v. Oftalmika ygberhubungan engan !inu!kavern"!u!

    Vna ti#a! ((i)i!i !at$'a!tor

    'r#is'osisi $nt$! ($#a"n+a'n+*aran in!si sa('ai intra!rania)

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    rsaraan "i#$n%

    a%ian #'an #an atas ron%%a "i#$n% (n#a'at'rsaraan snsoris #ari n. t(oi#a)is antrior a* n.nasosi)iaris a* n. ota)(i!$s

    Ron%%a "i#$n% )ainn+a ; n. (a!si)a ()a)$i %an%)ionsno'a)atin$(

    Gan%)ion sno'a)atin$(

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    M$!osa Hi#$n%

    ara "isto)o%i! #an $n%siona); M$!osa 'rna'asan

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    M$!osa Rs'iratori

    Tr#a'at 'a#a s*a%ian *sar ron%%a"i#$n% #an 'r($!aan #i)a'isi's$#ostratif# o)$(nar 'it")i$(& +%(('$n+ai si)ia #an s) %o*)t

    a#a #ara" +an% *an+a! tr!na $#ara&($!osa )*i" t*a) #an !a#an% tr6a#i

    (ta')asias) 'it) s!$a(o$sNor(a)n+a ($!osa *r/arna (ra" ($#aC s)a)$ *asa"

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    i)ia

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    M$!osa )a!tori$s tratif# o)$(nar 'it")i$( ))& #n%an 3 6nis s);

    1. ) !araf bi#"lar "lfakt"riu!

    2. ) s$stnta!$)ar #eny"k"ng

    3. ) ba!al

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    RINITI ATRDI

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    EI8EMI:GI

    ,anita ; )a!i)a!i 3 ; 1 < ois& 1FF7=

    *r!isar antar $sia 1037 ta"$n

    iasan+a 'a#a sosia) !ono(i rn#a"& )in%!$n%an+an% *$r$!& #an #i n%ara s#an% *r!(*an%

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    Etio)o%i

    r*a%ai tori (n%nai tio)o%i rinitis atrof antara)ain;

    a. $nfek!i kr"nik !#e!i%k

    a)in% *an+a! Klebsiella ozaena

    (n%"nti!an a!tiftas si))ia nor(a) 'a#a ($!osa"i#$n% (an$sia.

    !$(an )ainn+a Pseudomonas aeuruginosa

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    A$toi($nitas.

    Tori in!si !ronis #an a$toi($nitas (n#a'at#$!$n%an a")i tr*an+a!.

    8fsinsi D

    8fsinsi ita(in A

    tat$s %ii *$r$!

    Hr#itr& #))

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    ato)o%i C 'ato%nsis

    (ta')asi 'it) !o)$(nar *rsi)ia #i ($!osars'irasi 'it) !$*i! B %'n% *r)a'is Batrof! si)ia (n%"i)an% f*rosis #ari t$ni!a'ro'ria 'n%$ran%an !)n6ar a)o)ar *ai!#a)a( 6$()a" #an $!$ran

    Atrof 'it) *rsi)ia #an !)n6ar sro($sin$s '(*nt$!an !r$sta t*a) +an% ()!at.

    Atrof !on!a (n+*a*!an sa)$ran naas 6a#i)a'an%.

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    8fsinsi s$ra!tan (n$r$nn+a rsistnsi"i#$n% tr"a#a' in!si 'n%$ran%an fsinsimucus clearance%ra!an si)ia )n#ir &!rin%n+a ($!osa "i#$n% #an "i)an%n+a si)ia

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    G6a)a K)inis C '(ri!saan

    G6a)a !)inis "i#$n% trs$(*at& anos(ia& in%$s!nta) *r/arna "i6a$& !r$sta *r/arna "i6a$& sa!it!'a)a& 'ista!sis #an "i#$n% trasa !rin%& srtana'as *r*a$.

    a#a '(ri!saan "i#$n% !r$sta "i6a$ #an'$r$)n& ron%%a "i#$n% san%at )a'an%& atrof!on!a& ($!osa "i#$n% ti'is #an !rin%.

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    $to(o #an a(s$#in ((*a%i oana sara!)ini! #a)a( ti%a tin%!at ;

    Tin%!at I; Atrof ($!osa "i#$n%& ($!osa ta('a!!(ra"an #an *r)n#ir& !r$sta s#i!it.

    Tin%!at II; Atrof ($!osa "i#$n% (a!in 6)as&($!osa (a!in !rin%& /arna (a!in '$#ar& !r$sta*an+a!& !)$"an anos(ia *)$( 6)as.

    Tin%!at III; Atrof *rat ($!osa #an t$)an%s"in%%a !on!a ta('a! s*a%ai %aris& ron%%a

    "i#$n% ta('a! )*ar s!a)i& #a'at #it($!an!r$sta #i nasoarin%& tr#a'at anos(ia +an% 6)as.

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    8ia%nosis

    ara !)inis *r#asar!an trias na#a! berbau&kru!ta #urulen kehi'auan& an r"ngga hiungla#ang

    (ri!saan 'n$n6an% $nt$! ((*ant$#ia%nosis rinitis atrof '(ri!saan #ara" r$tin&ront%n oto sin$s 'aranasa)& Tsan sin$s'aranasa)& '(ri!saan D sr$(& Manto$ tst&'(ri!saan "isto'ato)o%i& '(ri!saan

    (i!ro*io)o%i& #an tst sro)o%i

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    Ko(')i!asi

    rorasi s't$( Darin%itis atrof

    in$sitis

    Miasis "i#$n%

    Hi#$n% ')ana

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    nata)a!sanaan

    a. Konsrati.Anti*ioti!

    .*at $i "i#$n% ;*ta#in so)$tion

    :ar$tan %ara( #a'$ra('$ran

    *at tts "i#$n%

    Vita(in A

    r'arat D

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    (. Pembeahan?i!a !onsrati %a%a)

    T$6$an; (n+('it!an ron%%a "i#$n% +an%)a'an%& (n%$ran%i t$r*$)nsi $#ara& (n%$ran%i

    'n%rin%an #an '(*nt$!an !r$sta #an(n%istira"at!an ($!osa s"in%%a (($n%!in!antr6a#in+a r%nrasi

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    T!ni! o'rasi; !oung"s operation

    #odi$ed !oung"s operation

    Lautenschlager operation

    I(')antasi s$*($!osa #n%an t$)an% ra/an&t$)an%& #r(oft& *a"an sinttis s'rti Ton&a('$ran %riosite#an &ibrin 'lue

    (ittmack"s operation

    #a" sin$s n#os!o'i! $n%siona)

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    ro%nosis

    ro%nosisn+a *ai!& /a)a$'$n #a'at *r$)an%.

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    )e!im#ulan

    Rinitis atrof ata$ oana a#a)a" 'n+a!it in!si

    "i#$n% !roni!& #%n atrof 'ro%rsi 'a#a ($!osa#an t$)an% !on!a #an '(*nt$!an !r$sta !rin%+% *r*a$ *$s$!.

    Etio)o%i #an 'ato%nsis rinitis atrof *)$( #a'at

    #itran%!an #n%an (($as!an "in%%a s!aran%. G6a)a !)inis "i#$n% trs$(*at& anos(ia& in%$s!nta) *r/arna "i6a$& !r$sta *r/arna "i6a$& sa!it!'a)a& 'ista!sis #an "i#$n% trasa !rin%& srtana'as *r*a$.

    a#a '(ri!saan "i#$n% !r$sta "i6a$ #an'$r$)n& ron%%a "i#$n% san%at )a'an%& atrof!on!a& ($!osa "i#$n% ti'is #an !rin%.

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    8ia%nosis rinitis atrof ana(nsis& '(ri!saanfsi!& #an #i*ant$ '(ri!saan 'n$n6an%.

    n%o*atan rinitis atrof ti#a! a#a +an% *a!$!arna tio)o%in+a *)$( 'asti. n%o*atan#it$6$!an $nt$! (n%"i)an%!a( a!tor 'n+*a*#an %6a)a.

    n%o*atan #a'at #i*ri!an sara !onsratiata$ o'rati.

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    8atar $sta!a A#a(s& ois "i%)r& $!$ A6ar n+a!it THT& E#isi VI& nr*it $!$K#o!tranEG& Ha) ; 221222.3.

    Anato(+ o t" nos or r"ino')ast+ s$r%r+& nos 6o*& r)+ Hi))s& :os An%)s"tt';BB///.r"ino')ast+nt.o(Banato(+."t()#ia!ss tan%%a) 25 (i 201>

    o/an& A)an M8. Atro'"i R"initis. 'rand ound Presentation, *%#B, Dept+oftolar-ngolog-2005"tt';BB///.$t(*.#$BotorB%rn#sBAtro'"iR"initis050330BAtro'"iR"initis050330.'##ia!ss tan%%a) 25 (i 201>

    E))isH. )inia) anato(+. 11t"#. 8RMJ Massa"$stts ; )a!/))$*)is"in%200>. ". 15F1>1.

    Man%$n!$s$(o& En#an%. In!si Hi#$n% 8a)a(; o'ar#i EA& Is!an#ar N. Buku./ar 0lmu Kesehatan %elinga Hidung %enggorok Kepala Leher 1disi Kelima .?a!arta& 2003 ". 110 L 114

    tr A. H i)%r& M.8. n+a!it Hi#$n%. IE $!$ A6ar n+a!it THT.E #isi

    !na(. nr*it $!$ K#o!tranEG. ?a!arta& 1FF7. n)) & Riar#. Anato(i !)ini! #isi 3 #itr6(a"!an o)" A#6i 8ar(ana&M$)+ani.?a!arta; EG1FF. ". 1134.

    o'ar#i EA& Is!an#ar N& as"ir$##in ?& Rst$sti R8 #itor. $!$ a6ar i)($!s"atan t)in%a "i#$n% tn%%oro! !'a)a #an )"r.E#isi !na(.?a!arta; a)ainr*it Da!$)tas K#o!tran 9nirsitas In#onsia 2007.

    $)& A+)in t a). Atro'"i Rinitis; A as R'ort& %urk 2 #ed 3ci200333; 405 L

    407

    http://www.rhinoplastynet.com/anatomy.htmlhttp://www.utmb.edu/otoref/grnds/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330.pdfhttp://www.utmb.edu/otoref/grnds/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330.pdfhttp://www.utmb.edu/otoref/grnds/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330.pdfhttp://www.utmb.edu/otoref/grnds/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330/Atrophic-Rhinitis-050330.pdfhttp://www.rhinoplastynet.com/anatomy.html
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    TERIMA KAIH