red deer advocate, march 16, 2016

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B4 B8 SPIES WEIGH IN ON WHAT’S REAL AND FAKE IN ‘THE AMERICANS’ ADDICTION AMONG THE LEADING CAUSES OF HOMELESSNESS NOTLEY HINTS AT TAX CUT GETTING A HEAD START ON A ZIKA VACCINE A3 PLEASE RECYCLE W E D N E S D A Y M A R C H 1 6 2 0 1 6 $1.00 A5 INDEX RED DEER WEATHER NEWS A2-A3, A5, A7-A8 COMMENT A4 BUSINESS A9-A10 SPORTS B1-B3 HEALTH B4 ENTERTAINMENT B5, B8 CLASSIFIED B6-B7 COMICS B9 LOTTERIES TUESDAY EXTRA: 1671949 PICK 3: 365 Numbers are unofficial. Local Today Tonight Thursday Friday B1 HITMEN DUMP REBELS 4-2 Mainly Sunny -3 o Partly Cloudy Sun and Cloud Sunny CARNIVAL TREAT Photo by JEFF STOKOE/Advocate staff Grade 2 student Andrianna Lewis, left, and Grade 1 student Payton Stratichuk sample a sweet treat of maple syrup off the snow during a Carnival d’hiver celebration at École Our Lady of the Rosary Elementary School in Sylvan Lake. The students, staff and parent volunteers took part in a number of winter carnival-themed events including street hockey, dancing, crafts, and other games. Suspect charged, held in custody A 21-year-old Red Deer man is accused of shooting up the down- town RCMP detachment with a replica firearm and allegedly threatening to torch the building. Shots were fired from a passing vehicle at the RCMP station at 4602 51st Avenue shortly be- fore 4 p.m. on Mon- day. T w o second-sto- rey win- dows at the de- tachment were pebbled by the rounds’ impacts but did not shat- ter due to a protective coating. RCMP said the trouble began with a 3:15 p.m. report that the oc- cupants of a maroon truck were taking potshots at street signs in the Normandeau area. A second call around 3:30 p.m. pegged the location of the truck near the downtown detachment when the two windows were hit. When the damage was discov- ered, police evacuated the public from the building, and the large windows were checked to make sure they wouldn’t shatter. BY PAUL COWLEY AND SUSAN ZIELINSKI ADVOCATE STAFF RCMP SHOOTING String of armed robberies nets woman six years in jail An armed robber who hit four busi- nesses in less than two weeks last spring was sentenced to six years in prison on Tuesday. Jennifer Maychak, 35, of Brooks, had earlier pleaded guilty to three counts of armed robbery and one count of attempted robbery during a span from April 18-28, 2015. Maychak admitted to robbing the Candy Bag Sweet Shop, a Mac’s Conve- nience Store and an Express 24 Food Mart. She also admitted to an attempt- ed, but failed, robbery of a Fas Gas. During the robberies she was either armed with a screwdriver or a can of bear spray. Crown prosecutor Ann MacDonald asked Red Deer provincial court Judge Gordon Yake for a sentence of six to eight years, pointing out the robberies were premeditated and Maychak had weapons and disguised herself. While no one was injured during the robberies, she was targeting vul- nerable workers at night, she said. Defence lawyer Paul Morigeau said his client has struggled with drugs most of her life and was high on crystal meth and had barely slept during the time of the robberies. BY PAUL COWLEY ADVOCATE STAFF See SUSPECT on Page A8 Please see ROBBERY on Page A8 Taking out the trash: council to weigh in on cut to bag limit Residents may soon be taking less trash to the curb. The Governance and Policy Com- mittee will recommend reducing the maximum residential garbage bag lim- it to three bags from five bags at an upcoming council meeting. The committee supported admin- istration’s recommendation from the Waste Management Master Plan (WM- MP) on Tuesday. Mayor Tara Veer said the city had delayed making the change until the blue-box recycling program was ex- panded. She said reducing the residential bag limit potentially could have been cost prohibitive for some households without providing the additional diver- sion opportunities. The city expanded its blue box pro- gram to include the addition of Num- ber 1 to 7 plastics in December 2015. All of those diversions actually make the bag limit reduction more fea- sible for households, said Veer. Photo by JEFF STOKOE/Advocate staff A trash collection truck leaves the Red Deer Waste Management Site after dropping its load Tuesday afternoon. At an upcoming city council meeting, council will hear a recommendation from the The Governance and Policy Committee to reduce the residential garbage bag limit from five bags to three. BY CRYSTAL RHYNO ADVOCATE STAFF Please see TRASH on Page A8 CORY PICARD

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March 16, 2016 edition of the Red Deer Advocate


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    Local Today Tonight Thursday Friday



    Mainly Sunny


    Partly Cloudy


    Sun and Cloud




    Photo by JEFF STOKOE/Advocate staff

    Grade 2 student Andrianna Lewis, left, and Grade 1 student Payton Stratichuk sample a sweet treat of maple syrup off the snow during a Carnival dhiver celebration at cole Our Lady of the Rosary Elementary School in Sylvan Lake. The students, staff and parent volunteers took part in a number of winter carnival-themed events including street hockey, dancing, crafts, and other games.

    Suspect charged,

    held in custody

    A 21-year-old Red Deer man is accused of shooting up the down-town RCMP detachment with a replica firearm and allegedly threatening to torch the building.

    S h o t s were fired f r o m a p a s s i n g vehicle at the RCMP station at 4602 51st A v e n u e shortly be-fore 4 p.m. o n M o n -day.

    T w o second-sto-rey win-d o w s a t t h e d e -tachment were pebbled by the rounds impacts but did not shat-ter due to a protective coating.

    RCMP said the trouble began with a 3:15 p.m. report that the oc-cupants of a maroon truck were taking potshots at street signs in the Normandeau area. A second call around 3:30 p.m. pegged the location of the truck near the downtown detachment when the two windows were hit.

    When the damage was discov-ered, police evacuated the public from the building, and the large windows were checked to make sure they wouldnt shatter.



    String of armed robberies nets woman six years in jail

    An armed robber who hit four busi-nesses in less than two weeks last spring was sentenced to six years in prison on Tuesday.

    Jennifer Maychak, 35, of Brooks, had earlier pleaded guilty to three counts of armed robbery and one count of attempted robbery during a span from April 18-28, 2015.

    Maychak admitted to robbing the Candy Bag Sweet Shop, a Macs Conve-nience Store and an Express 24 Food Mart. She also admitted to an attempt-ed, but failed, robbery of a Fas Gas.

    During the robberies she was either armed with a screwdriver or a can of bear spray.

    Crown prosecutor Ann MacDonald asked Red Deer provincial court Judge Gordon Yake for a sentence of six to eight years, pointing out the robberies

    were premeditated and Maychak had weapons and disguised herself.

    While no one was injured during the robberies, she was targeting vul-nerable workers at night, she said.

    Defence lawyer Paul Morigeau said his client has struggled with drugs most of her life and was high on crystal meth and had barely slept during the time of the robberies.


    See SUSPECT on Page A8Please see ROBBERY on Page A8

    Taking out the trash: council to weigh in on cut to bag limit

    Residents may soon be taking less trash to the curb.

    The Governance and Policy Com-mittee will recommend reducing the maximum residential garbage bag lim-it to three bags from five bags at an upcoming council meeting.

    The committee supported admin-istrations recommendation from the Waste Management Master Plan (WM-MP) on Tuesday.

    Mayor Tara Veer said the city had delayed making the change until the

    blue-box recycling program was ex-panded.

    She said reducing the residential bag limit potentially could have been cost prohibitive for some households without providing the additional diver-sion opportunities.

    The city expanded its blue box pro-gram to include the addition of Num-ber 1 to 7 plastics in December 2015.

    All of those diversions actually make the bag limit reduction more fea-sible for households, said Veer.

    Photo by JEFF STOKOE/Advocate staff

    A trash collection truck leaves the Red Deer Waste Management Site after dropping its load Tuesday afternoon. At an upcoming city council meeting, council will hear a recommendation from the The Governance and Policy Committee to reduce the residential garbage bag limit from five bags to three.


    Please see TRASH on Page A8



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    Wednesday, March 16, 2016NEWS A2



    Local Today

    Rocky Mountain House

    Sylvan Lake

    Olds, Innisfail





    Sunny & Cloudy3 -3

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    Cloudy 24 18

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    Sunny & Cloudy1 -13

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    Tonight Thu FriTHE WEATHER

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    Photo by JEFF STOKOE/Advocate staff

    After getting away from its owner this wayward kite flies over the Red Deer Waste Management Site Tuesday afternoon. The man flying the kite lost his grip on it at the off-leash dog park on 40th Avenue. He chased the rogue flyer and found it caught up on a power-line just south of the main entrance to the waste management site where it was flying nicely in a steady breeze.

    WAYWARD FLIGHT Auto theft training

    for RCMP debuts in Red Deer

    About 35 Red Deer RCMP members gathered with officers from around Al-berta and British Columbia for a two-day training session on investigating auto theft in Red Deer on Tuesday.

    Hosted by the Insurance Bureau of Canada, its the first time Provincial Auto Theft Network (PATNET) train-ing has been available outside the At-lantic region where it began in 2010.

    Red Deer RCMP Supt. Scott Tod said PATNET will give his officers a chance to network, share strategies and create a more co-ordinated ap-proach to investigating property crime like vehicle theft which has increased significantly over the last three or four years in the city.

    Tod said that not only are vehicle owners being victimized, but the ve-hicles are being used to commit other crimes and has raised public safety concerns on the roads.

    When they steal these motor ve-hicles, if we come across them they start to drive erratically. We do our best to ensure public safety and limit any exposure to people being injured through our pursuit policies, but the fact remains once they steal these ve-hicles, they drive differently. The pub-lics at risk. They ram police cars so police are at risk, Tod said on Tues-day.

    Dan Service, director of investi-gative services Western and Pacific, for Insurance Bureau of Canada, said even in Central Alberta, auto crime can have an international connection.

    We have vehicles that have been stolen that have not been recovered. The clear suggestion of that would be an organized group, or groups, are op-erating within Alberta and stealing and moving them out of the country, said Service at Red Deer Sheraton where PATNET training is being held.

    He said in 2015 the Insurance Bu-reau of Canada repatriated vehicles from Ghana, Belgium, China, Jamaica and Spain.

    And the complexity of the crime is increasing, he said.

    One of the files we investigated in-volved six different vehicles all put to-gether to form a Chrysler 300. We iden-tified that vehicle right down to the seatbelts as to which cars they came from, Service said.

    Guy Ouellette, auto theft investiga-tor with Insurance Bureau of Canada from Nova Scotia, said people can help make it more difficult for vehicles to disappear by locking their vehicles, not leaving keys in the ignition, and not hiding any spare keys.

    He said new vehicles are also hard-er to steal.

    But he said the thieves work quick.If they are stolen for the interna-

    tional market, within a day they are already away from Canada.

    [email protected]


    Hospital still cancelling surgeries due to flood

    Surgeries continue to be cancelled at Red Deer Regional Hospital Centre where flooding closed five out of nine operating rooms on March 1.

    Alberta Health Services Central Zone said as of Monday, 136 surgical procedures have been rescheduled since a construction-related flood on the second floor poured down into the

    main floor operating rooms.Only urgent and emergency surger-

    ies continue at the hospital.Operating rooms still in use are

    three theatres used for general sur-gery and a smaller operating room that has always and will continue to be used only for urology surgery.

    Normally, an average of 48 surger-ies per day are performed at the hos-pital.

    AHS said restoration work is run-

    ning 24 hours a day, seven days a week until completion.

    Remediation work on three of the operating rooms will take about four weeks to complete. Work on two of the rooms will take two more weeks.

    Flooding sprang from construc-tion underway to build two operating rooms for scheduled cesarean sections and emergency obstetrical procedures.


    Aquatic centres hosting Earth Hour swims

    Residents are encouraged to turn the lights off at home and head to the Dawe or Collicutt pools for the annual Earth Hour Swim on March 19.

    Both the Collicutt Centre and G.H. Dawe aquatic centres will flick off just enough lights to create a fun atmosphere and conserve energy while ensuring a safe recreation environment. For only $2 per person, individuals and families are encouraged to drop in between 8 and 10 p.m. and join the movement that encourages individuals, communities and businesses to turn off unnecessary lights and appliances for one hour worldwide.

    Matthew Chambers, a city Environmental Program Specialist, said not only is it a symbol of doing

    our part to reduce energy and emissions, but now more than ever its an important concept to take just 60 minutes to turn off the TV, the tablet and even the cell phone and simply enjoy the moment.

    In addition to the pools at the Dawe and Collicutt, the city will turn off non-essential power on Saturday night in an effort to build on the success of past Earth Hours.

    Last year Red Deer saw a 6.77 per cent decrease in power during Earth Hour compared to the same time the previous week.

    For more information on Earth Hour, visit or

    Man stabbed in Riverside Meadows

    A 24-year-old man is being treated for non-life threatening injuries after he was stabbed in Riverside Meadows on Tuesday afternoon.

    Red Deer RCMP were called to the area near 60th Street and 58th Avenue after Red Deer Emergency Services were called to help the victim.

    He was taken to hospital for treatment for what police believe are non-life-threatening injuries.

    The victim was conscious and

    verbal when police arrived. The victim did not co-operate with police and did not provide any details on the suspect.

    If you have any information about this incident, please contact the Red Deer RCMP at 403-343-5575.

    Property assessment appeals due March 21

    Property owners must submit their property assessment appeal no later than March 21.

    If property owners believe there is an error on their assessment notice, they should contact Revenue & As-sessment Services at 403-342-8126 and arrange an appointment to speak with an assessor.

    If concerns cannot be resolved fol-lowing a conversation with an asses-sor, a formal appeal must be submitted to the Clerk of the Regional Assess-ment Review Board.

    Revenue & Assessment Services is located on the fourth floor of City Hall at 4914 48 Avenue. The Clerk of the Regional Assessment Review Board is located on the second floor of City Hall (4914 48 Avenue). Mail should be addressed to Box 5008, Red Deer, Al-berta, T4N 3T4.


    LocalB R I E F S


    EDMONTON When Bret Mc-Cann last saw his parents nearly six years ago, they had their motorhome packed and parked in the driveway and seemed excited to be leaving the next day on a camping trip to British Columbia.

    McCann testified Tuesday that he played some pool with his father in the basement of their home in St. Al-bert, a bedroom community north of Edmonton, on July 2, 2010. His wife and mother, after checking out some garage sales, came home with a bucket of fried chicken for supper.

    McCann said his parents, in their late 70s, had been avid campers for de-cades but had recently stopped their winter trips to the United States be-cause of increasing health insurance costs. They were eager to get back out on the road, he said.

    They were going to meet other fami-ly and deliver a present to one of their great-grandchildren in Vancouver.

    They were looking forward to their trip, McCann told the judge hearing the first-degree murder trial of Travis Vader.

    I think they were kind of pumped quite positive.

    Lyle and Marie McCann were last seen on surveillance video the next morning getting groceries and fuelling up their motorhome at a Superstore in St. Albert. Three days later, their RV was found on fire about 200 kilometres away near Minnow Lake west of Ed-monton. An SUV they had been towing was found on a nearby rural property about a week later.

    Their bodies have never been found.

    Vader, 44, has pleaded not guilty in the deaths of the couple.

    The Crown is arguing that Vader, once an oilpatch worker who support-ed a wife and seven children, had be-come a crystal meth user who was liv-ing in makeshift camps and was want-ed by police on warrants.

    The defence has told the judge that evidence will point to other suspects and theres not enough proof the Mc-Canns are really dead.

    Legal experts say that theres often a slow piecing together of evidence in murder cases with no bodies to prove a criminal death and rule out other possibilities. Those could include the alleged victims wanting to start a new life somewhere or committing suicide.

    Bret McCann, the oldest of the cou-ples three children, testified that his parents were active and healthy. His father, a retired long-haul trucker, had some heart and vision problems. His mothers fingers had become twisted with arthritis and her memory was starting to slip a bit.

    McCann recalled his dad playing card games such as Rummoli with his mom to try to keep her mind sharp. He also said his dad was in great shape and had recently scrambled up on his roof to cut a tree branch.

    His parents did own some guns, he said. His father had four rifles and shotguns, used years earlier for hunt-ing ducks and gophers, and his mother kept a small Derringer pistol by her bedside after she caught a man looking in their window.

    The couple never took the guns on camping trips, McCann said, and they were all found in his parents home after they vanished.

    Why Cant I Just Grow New Teeth?

    Ask The Dentist!by

    Dr. Michael Dolynchuk, DDS

    Dear Dr. D:


    My parents are always ragging on me to brush my teeth. My uncle collects sharks' teeth in the ocean. They just grow replacements when they lose them. Why can't people do the same as animals? That would be less hassle.

    Animal teeth and people teeth are both white (usually) and they exist in the mouth. Other than that, there are many differences. In the animal kingdom, losing teeth meant death. If they couldn't hunt and tear food apart, they starved. People have evolved. Teeth are now a badge of success, and are the ultimate social media statement. They determine whether you get hired, promoted, or even marry - in addition to the original food chewing function. You get two sets of teeth your 'starter' set of 20 baby teeth, and a total of 32 teeth (including 4 wisdom teeth) in your adult 'set'. Each class of tooth (canines, premolars, molars, and incisors) has a different function, and once they're gone you're done.

    Dogs also have 2 sets, with the baby teeth numbering 28 and the adult teeth numbering 42. This pet, similar to you, can experience tooth decay and other problems. Funny you should mention sharks. One of the biggest fears people have is being on the business end of a shark bite. These creatures continually shed and grow new teeth. One shark can grow well in excess of 30,000 teeth throughout his life span. There are multiple rows, in cases as many as 40. If you're swimming you want to bump into one with dull flat teeth used to crushing crabs, instead of one with sharp fine teeth who prefers fish or perhaps a central Alberta teenager.

    Yes, taking care of your teeth is a hassle. Parents drag teenagers to the dentists who actually don't even brush their teeth period. I hear they sleep until 3:00 PM too. Just ignore your teeth and eventually you won't have to put up with that hassle. There is a rare disorder that I wrote about some time ago a lad in India had a molar in his mouth which in turn spawned the growth of an extra 232 small teeth. The medical term was a 'complex composite odontoma' where a single gum forms multiple teeth. In theory, it's not unlike the shark teeth your uncle collects, but they don't grow to full size. It took 7 hours to extract them. Consider brushing and flossing your teeth as a small price to pay for what will be good oral health (providing you listen to your parents)! Your teeth are closer to your heart than you think. Oral health is 100% connected to your entire body's health. It is 'worth the hassle'.

    Alpen Dental4 - 5025 Parkwood Road, Blackfalds, AB1-800-TOOTHACHE (1-800-866-8422)

    www.AlpenDental.comServices are provided by General Dentists




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    Wednesday, March 16, 2016NEWS A3

    NDP move to expand

    right to strike


    EDMONTON Alberta has intro-duced legislation to expand the right to strike for about 150,000 public-sec-tor employees.

    Labour Minister Christina Gray said Tuesday the legislation would bring Alberta into compliance with a Su-preme Court ruling last year.

    It is intended to balance the inter-ests of employers and employees while protecting public health and safety, Gray told reporters after Bill 4 was in-troduced in the legislature.

    At the end of the day we want to ensure labour disputes are resolved in a timely manner with as little impact on the public as possible.

    Alberta traditionally has banned strikes and lockouts involving pub-lic-sector workers, but the Supreme Court ruled that the right to strike is a fundamental right for unionized em-ployees.

    The bill sets out parameters for strikes while keeping essential ser-vices going in areas such as health and police services.

    It supports the right to strike for all employees of government, Alber-ta Health Services, agencies, boards, commissions and non-academic staff at post-secondary institutions.

    Nurses, paramedics, and correction-al officers would be allowed to strike, but police and firefighters would not.

    Police and firefighters will continue to use binding arbitration to resolve impasses in bargaining.

    Teachers already have the right to strike.

    Under the bill, workers who can strike must first negotiate an agree-ment with the government on the con-ditions of any job action so that essen-tial services could be maintained and public health and safety not threat-ened.

    The government would bring in third-party umpires to help if both sides cant reach such an agreement. Those umpires would also rule on any disputes once the deal is reached.

    Notley signals small business tax cut coming


    EDMONTON Alberta Premier Rachel Notley is signalling that a tax break for small business owners may be coming in the budget.

    Notley made the comment Tues-day when asked by reporters about a proposal by the opposition Wildrose party to lower the small business tax from three per cent to two per cent to help out an economy reeling from the plunge in oil prices.

    The premier declined to rule out a tax cut.

    On the issue of the small business tax, I would suggest that we simply all stay tuned for the budget.

    The 2016-17 budget will be present-ed by Finance Minister Joe Ceci on April 14.

    Ceci and Notley have already said it will have new measures to create jobs and diversify and economy, which has seen more than 80,000 job losses due to the collapse in oil prices.

    Ceci has already said the budget is expected to include a $10.4-billion deficit.

    The province has already an-nounced close to $2 billion in loan and investment incentives to help new ventures take off and small and medi-um-sized businesses grow and diver-sify.

    Earlier Tuesday, Wildrose Lead-er Brian released his teams 12-point plan to create jobs.

    He pointed out that at three per cent, Albertas small business tax rate is the highest among the four western provinces.

    British Columbia is at 2.5 per cent, Saskatchewan is at two per cent and Manitoba is zero.

    The Wildrose estimates that a one-percentage-point drop in the small business tax rate would return a high-end estimate of $150 million to busi-nesses and the economy.

    The party said the tax break could replace the NDPs job creation plan that was announced last year but is now on hold.

    That plan would have spent $178 million over two years to fund a por-tion of salaries for new private sector hires up to $5,000 per person.

    The NDP had promised the program

    would start in 2016 and create 27,000 jobs.

    The Wildrose also pitched drawing down more than $1 billion from the Workers Compensation Board trea-sury to give employers a temporary break on WCB premiums during the downturn.

    The Wildrose said the WCB has about $10.2 billion in its funds against $7.5 billion in liabilities.

    Jean said drawing down $1 billion or so would still leave the WCB within its mandated savings zone.

    The plan would be to cut premiums in half for the first 100 workers in a company and have no premiums for new employees.

    They will be hired to encourage new employees, said Jean.

    We feel theres about 3 years worth of surplus funds that are avail-able to lower the tax burden on small businesses.

    Notley mocked the plan, saying while the Wildrose didnt want the NDP to give $5,000 to hire new employ-ees, its OK with giving employers an equivalent amount of WCB money, if not more, with no strings attached.

    Son recalls last supper with missing seniors

    File photo by THE CANADIAN PRESS

    Lyle and Marie McCann are shown in an undated handout photo.

  • THE ADVOCATE Wednesday, March 16, 2016


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    In the lineup of great human en-deavours, sport often muscles in where it doesnt seem to belong.How does winning a national vol-

    leyball title (as the Red Deer College Kings have just done), hosting a Memo-rial Cup in Red Deer in May or even being awarded the Canada Winter Games measure up against life-chang-ing medical discoveries, remarkable works of art, extraordinary engineer-ing feats, or heroic acts of compassion and selflessness?

    Sport is a beacon to a healthier life-style, and certainly provides inspiring examples of the strength of individual spirit.

    Sporting achievements and the ef-fort to host events increasingly draw our attention. We are intent on divert-ing public money and human resourc-es toward events and venues for sports, large and small.

    Red Deer will host the Canada Win-

    ter Games in February-March 2019, and a great deal of work is underway to make the event a success. The first steps, to win hosting rights, were taken by volunteers and community lead-ers. The next steps will be taken by a professional team, with yet more help from volunteers, while planners and tradespeople build or renovate the necessary venues.

    Millions of dollars will be spent.Principal among the new venues is

    a health and wellness centre at Red Deer College that will cost about $88 million. That money is coming from several sources, including government, corporate and private donors, and the colleges students association.

    This is a long-overdue teaching fa-cility for an institution aggressively trying to gain degree-granting status. But first, it will be the site of events for the Canada Winter Games. Why do people care that much?

    When you are cheering for your favourite team (even the perennially pathetic Edmonton Oilers, say), little else seems to matter. We are heart-bro-ken when an athlete stumbles. We are euphoric when an athlete excels de-spite long odds. When the Brazil Olym-pic Games roll around in August, we will commit to memory the names and

    feats of athletes we hadnt heard of two weeks before.

    We will celebrate the fact that, in-creasingly, sports in general and the Olympic movement in particular have knocked down the barriers to sexual and cultural inequality.

    And we will be unabashedly un-apologetic about our obsession with all things sporting.

    When the World Cup of Hockey takes centre stage in September in To-ronto, we will be patriotic to a fault. Like the Olympic Games, a simple hockey tournament will become the gauge by which many nations, not the least of which is Canada, measure na-tional well-being.

    We go about our lives looking for in-spiration and distraction, purpose and contentment, health and vigour.

    And part of that is to be reminded, as often as possible, what the commit-ted human can do, what the healthy body can achieve, and what the collec-tive spirit can imagine.

    We want to find lessons we can ap-ply to the most mundane of lives, to give us direction, structure and reason. At the very least, we need a little jolt once in a while that takes us to the completion of a task.

    We want to see our favourite ath-

    letes redouble their efforts in the face of adversity and succeed. We want them to exert their superiority when its obvious, or thrive against all odds. Because thats how we want to see our-selves.

    Thats how we want to see our com-munities and our province and our na-tion: exceptional in any circumstances. Thats what we see as the best in the human condition, Canadian style: the ability to shrug off disappointment and push on.

    On the local level, having the RDC Kings win a national title helps to il-luminate the institutions quest for excellence, in academics and sports. Earning the right to host the Canada Winter Games gives Red Deer an im-mediate tourism and economic boost, and will provide it with a legacy of public facilities and the opportunity to come together as a community with a common goal.

    If all of that helps a community or a nation to flex its muscles, and individ-uals to be healthy and engaged, then sport has served our endeavours well.

    Troy Media columnist John Stewart is a born and bred Albertan who doesnt drill for oil, ranch or drive a pickup truck although all of those things have played a role in his past.



    Our passion for sports unifies us


    Canadians have watched the wild, crazy and circus-like political at-mosphere in the U.S. with great amusement.

    Many of us are floored at the pros-pect of businessman Donald Trump becoming the Republican Party nom-inee over well-established politicians like Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio. Were also surprised that former First Lady, New York Senator and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is having so much trouble winning the Democratic Party nomination over Vermont Senator Ber-nie Sanders, a 74-year-old democratic socialist.

    Yet in the midst of this amusement over the turmoil in one of the worlds great democracies, were missing the big picture. Our nation should be spending far less time laughing and a great deal more time thinking about the future of Canada-U.S. trade rela-tions.

    Barring any unforeseen mishaps, Trump and Clinton will most likely be the presidential nominees of their respective parties. Who would be the

    best choice to manage the U.S. econ-omy? Although Trump often pays lip service to the glory of capitalism, many observers believe Clinton would be the safer choice.

    Heres one example.Barrons executive editor John

    Kimelman wrote on March 7 that, Clinton is the more investor-friendly of the two. He notes that [w]e are not endorsing Hillary Clinton for pres-ident of the United States, and [n]or are we saying that she would be the best president for investors from among the current crop of candidates. Regardless, this free market oriented publication believes, Clintons mod-erate political instincts and left-center policy goals suggest a president who wouldnt stand in the way of the finan-cial markets.

    As for Trump, Kimelman acknowl-edges that his tax-cutting initiatives could potentially help both the econ-omy and markets. At the same time, the controversial businessmans tax cuts coupled with his adamant refus-al to address ballooning entitlement costs, such as medicare and social se-curity, would expand the national debt to the breaking point.

    Heres something else to think

    about.Trumps call for heavy tariffs

    against China, wrote Kimelman, could cause a trade war that would devastate the world economy. As he mentions, Barrons wrote last fall that Trumps tariff plans were reminis-cent of the protectionist policies of the 1920s and early 1930s that plunged us into the Great Depression.

    This should worry Canadians, at least on the surface.

    Trump has been more solidly in the camp of fair trade over free trade for many years. (He went as far to use the unusual term free and fair trade in his 2011 book, Time to Get Tough.) He said, I think NAFTA has been a di-saster. I think our current deals are a disaster on CNN in June 2015. He also called the Trans-Pacific Partnership a horrible deal that is going to lead to nothing but trouble during last Novembers Fox Business/Wall Street Journal debate.

    The U.S. has long been a major trad-ing partner for Canada. The success of these trade agreements and proposals directly involve and affect our coun-trys economy, too.

    Trumps positions on the campaign hustings arent conducive to maintain-

    ing healthy Canada-U.S. trade rela-tions. In contrast, Clintons opposition to big business and capitalism has been, at this stage, more rhetorical than harmful.

    Now, could Trump change some or all of his positions before the presi-dential election? Of course. Hes flip-flopped on so many political and eco-nomic policies in the past it would on-ly make sense that he keeps following this pattern.

    Then again, maybe he wont.This sort of energetic nationalist

    fervor against international trade and the loss of American jobs appeals to Trumps broad base of supporters, in-cluding right-leaning isolationists as well as traditional working class Dem-ocrats. For those of us who believe in the free market economy, trade liber-alization and private enterprise, this type of backward economic thinking is extremely troubling.

    Just some food for thought for Cana-dians who cant stop laughing at Amer-icas political landscape.

    Troy Media columnist and politi-cal commentator Michael Taube was a speechwriter for former Prime Minister Stephen Harper.

    President Trump no longer far-fetched idea

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    THUNDER BAY, Ont. Two of Bes-sie Strangs friends sit on a concrete barrier in a Thunder Bay parking lot, the three of them sharing a bottle of yellow Listerine.

    Im not going so good, sighs the 42-year-old Strang. Anyways Im just giving up on life.

    The first detailed profile of home-less people across the country shows that stories like Strangs are common on Canadian streets: Addiction, phys-ical health, mental health and family strife push people into poverty and homelessness and, in many cases, are what keeps them there.

    Thunder Bay is ground zero, a place where all the elements of homeless-ness come together in a frightening storm that led to 17 deaths on the street last year alone.

    New numbers, part of a federally organized point-in-time census of homeless people, show the problem is at its worst in Thunder Bay, and that addiction is the No. 1 cause, followed by mental health issues and family strife.

    Addiction pops up in other cities, including three in New Brunswick: In Saint John, 15 per cent of those surveyed in the federally organized point-in-time count said addiction was the reason they were homeless, sit-ting third behind family conflict or do-mestic abuse (32 per cent) and having spent time in jail (17 per cent).

    In Moncton, addiction was again the third most common cause cited at 19 per cent, with family conflict at 45 per cent. Fredericton was the exception: There, family conflict came in at 36 per cent, job loss at 15 per cent and illness at 12 per cent.

    In other words, the broken beer bot-tles along Thunder Bays waterfront park are more a sign of the norm, rath-er than the exception.

    And when they cant get or cant afford alcohol, they turn to alterna-tives.

    Im not going to lie to you. I drank mouthwash, hand sanitizer, hair spray, sometimes straight out of the bottle, too, says Clayton Mawakeesick, who is now part of whats known as a harm-re-duction program in Thunder Bay.

    Instead of drinking non-beverage alcohol or babash juice, as its known in Ojibway slang in Thunder Bay Mawakeesick consumes six ounces of wine every 90 minutes as part of the program in order to manage his addiction and keep him healthier than he was before.


    Bessie Strang pauses as she tells her story while sitting with other homeless friends, Friday, March 4, 2016 in Thunder Bay, Ont.


    THUNDER BAY, Ont. The smash of a plate breaks up Brandon Merediths train of thought.

    The 19-year-old looks over at the source of the sound, just like the dozens of others in the cafeteria of Thunder Bays largest homeless shel-ter. Shelter House can feed up to 200 people at lunch and then again at dinner daily Meredith is usually here for both.

    The meals at the shelter, Meredith says, ensure he can spend less on groceries until youre fully capable of it and you can just live off of here. Its free, its open for anybody.

    Meredith and his companion Clairissa Cole, 16 Cole will only say she ran away from home because of personal parenting problems dont know where they see them-selves in five or 10 years. Meredith talks about getting enough welfare money to pay rent and eventually save up enough to get out of Thunder Bay.

    The raucous benches give a glimpse into how many people in this city cannot afford to feed them-selves easily. Some come in through the back door with empty margarine tubs, taking food to go. They walk into the cold night air without gloves or a warm hat, but a warm meal in hand.

    Donations of food are always needed not Kraft Dinner, theres more than enough of that in the pan-try because its not just Thunder Bays homeless who need a meal.

    Ron Rogalski from the citys Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day

    Saints says he has relatives who are seasonal workers who sometimes de-pend on the soup kitchen for food.

    Will there ever be a day when he and other church members wont have to volunteer their time to pre-pare meals for homeless people? Ro-galski doubts it.

    Some of them, I get the feeling that might be the only meal that theyre going to have for the day, he says.

    Were happy to do the work. It gives us a lot of joy, so whatever the circumstances are, you know, we just roll with everything here.

    Comfort of a warm meal helps to ease the sting



    See ADDICTION on Page A7

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    Wednesday, March 16, 2016NEWS A7

    The success of the program over the past four years, and similar programs in places like Ottawa, have led local officials to look into opening a super-vised injection site similar to Insite in Vancouver that could replace the bags of clean syringes, filters, alcohol swabs, and cookers used for smok-ing crack cocaine the citys largest shelter hands out regularly.

    The preferred drug of the moment is a cycle not unlike a ferris wheel: one rises to the top, and then another takes its place, says Dr. Stephen Hwang, one of the countrys top researchers on homeless health from St. Michaels Hospital in Toronto.

    Fentanyl is on everyones minds, the cause of a high number of deaths with lawmakers scrambling to get it under control. Before that it was Oxy-contin, a prescription painkiller that led to break-ins at pharmacies.

    Other common street drugs in use include morphine, its synthetic equiv-alent, Dilaudid, and other prescription painkillers.

    North America is one of the biggest prescribers of painkillers, with Ontar-io one of the highest on the continent and Thunder Bay highest in Ontario, says Dr. Ella Goodman from the citys NorWest Community Health Centre.

    Unfortunately, theres always some diversion of medications as well too, meaning that the people that are sup-posed to be taking the medications in the way its prescribed its not hap-pening.

    Research into the homeless popula-tion has shown they frequent emergen-cy rooms for help, have worse health outcomes than the general population and can have multiple health issues at one time like the 54 per cent of home-less people in Vancouver who report-ed so last year.

    In Toronto, a street survey from 2013 found homeless people are fre-quent users of health and treatment services, including emergency room visits. In Hamilton, the point-in-time count showed 38 per cent of homeless people reported a chronic health con-dition, double the number in the over-all Canadian population.

    While the health problems may seem self-evident, the new research shows that they are also intractable.

    Hwang says there hasnt been a dramatic change in the health of the homeless population over the past five to 10 years even though they have more access to health care.

    In some cases, people like Strang avoid hospitals and doctors entirely. Strang, who says she was diagnosed with stomach cancer, says shell go to the hospital when she wants to.

    Theres an additional layer to Strangs case that is common across the country: she is aboriginal, a group various studies say makes up one-third

    or more of that national homeless population. In Thunder Bay it is it 73 per cent, according to the most recent homeless survey, the first of its kind in the citys history.

    They may carry with them the trau-ma of residential school experiences, or carry inter-generational trauma by virtue of being the children of sur-vivors, becoming cut off from services and ending up homeless, says Brad King, the operations manager at Thun-der Bays largest shelter, known as Shelter House.

    Strang says she went to the Poplar Hill residential school in northern On-tario. She stops at the recounting of a memory and breathes heavily. She removes her glasses and wipes tears from her eyes. She says she thinks some days about hanging herself or overdosing.

    Those who leave their reserves to be closer to schools, hospitals and po-tential jobs head to cities like Thun-der Bay, Winnipeg, Edmonton and

    Vancouver, hoping for a better life. Once in the city, they are cut off from the supports they have back home. A 2014 review of research into aboriginal homelessness in Canada found some homeless aboriginals use reserves as an economic safety net, returning when they run into financial hardships in the city.

    And some see no reason to leave the city, even if they are living on the street.

    Some people go back home, then end up back in Thunder Bay and get stuck again and wind up back at the shelter, says Hazel Cripps, an Ojibway from Eagle Lake First Nation in On-tario.

    I would never move back to my re-serve, Cripps says. Theres nothing there for me.

    ADDICTION: Health issues


    OTTAWA Key figures on shelter usage and homelessness from Canadi-an communities:

    33: Percentage of shelter users in Kelowna in 2014 who were aboriginal

    12.3: Percentage of shelter users in Peel Region who are immigrants

    18.6: Percentage of women ex-periencing episodic homelessness in Prince George, a higher percentage than men an anomaly in most com-munities outside the North

    17: Number of homeless deaths in Thunder Bay in 2015

    3,016: Number of homeless people in Montreal, based on a 2015 count of the homeless population

    77: Percentage of homeless people in Hamilton who said they didnt have enough money to pay for housing

    45: Percentage of people in Monc-ton, N.B., who said they were home-less because of family conflict or do-mestic abuse.

    Source: National Homelessness In-formation System, Lakehead Social Planning Council, City of Montreal, City of Hamilton, Saint John Human Devel-opment Council



    Hazel Cripps, an Ojibway from Eagle Lake First Nation in Ontario, consoles homeless friend Evelyn at the Shelter House, Thursday, March 3, 2016 in Thunder Bay, Ont.

    Stabbing suspect cited Allah: policeBY THE CANADIAN PRESS

    TORONTO A man who allegedly said Allah instructed him to kill was charged Tuesday with stabbing and wounding two uniformed soldiers at a north Toronto military recruitment centre a day earlier.

    While investigators were probing possible terror links, the citys police chief said there didnt appear to be any connection to terrorist groups, al-though it seemed the man had deliber-ately targeted military personnel.

    To date, there is nothing to indi-cate the accused is working with any-one or in concert with any organiza-tion, Chief Mark Saunders said. It will take some time to have a complete picture.

    The incident occurred mid-after-

    noon Monday, when a man walked into the government building that houses a Canadian Armed Forces recruitment centre on the ground floor.

    He walked into the office with a large knife in hand and began strik-ing a uniformed master corporal, who fell to the ground, Saunders said. The soldier was able to get to his feet, at which point the suspect slashed his right arm.

    As military personnel moved civil-ians to safety, investigators said the man tried and failed to slash a female soldier before other soldiers were able to subdue him and hold him for police. Another military member was injured as the suspect was apprehend-ed.

    Court documents identified the vic-tims of the attack as Ryan Kong, Jesus Castillo and Tracy Ann Gerhardt.

    While at the scene, the accused stated that Al-lah told me to do this Allah told me to come here and kill people, Saun-ders said.

    F o l l o w i n g the arrest, the accused became n o n - r e s p o n -sive, Saunders said, meaning he refused to answer any po-lice questions.

    Two soldiers needed treat-ment for minor injuries.

    Police named the suspect as Mon-treal-born Ayanle Hassan Ali, 27, who

    moved to Toronto in 2011. At one point, they also spelled his first name as Ayanie, but offered no explanation for the mistake.

    Ali was charged with a total of nine counts, according to court documents: three attempted murder, two aggra-vated assault, three assault with a weapon and possession of a dangerous weapon.

    The accused hung his head and looked down at the floor for most of a brief court appearance Tuesday, say-ing his name quietly when asked to do so. He was remanded until Friday.

    He just seems very scared right now and of course very, very unhap-py to be in the position he finds him-self in today, his lawyer, David Burke, said outside court. Its a very, very difficult situation.



    OTTAWA The federal Conserva-tives are calling on the Trudeau gov-ernment to make a serious effort to recover up to $72 million in overpay-ments to contractors, many of them in the defence industry.

    Procurement critic Steven Blaney says the Liberals owe it to taxpayers to recover the money and to diligently reform the system along the lines of an independent report that was originally commissioned by the Harper govern-ment.

    On cost recovery, we started this process and we expect the government to get serious and recover money ow-ing to taxpayers, Blaney said Tues-day.

    A series of internal audits have found that Ottawa is routinely over-charged by its contractors to the tune of tens of millions of dollars in a practice that has been going on for decades.

    NDP defence critic Randall Garri-son set his sights on both the Liberals and the Conservatives, saying the sys-tem has been mismanaged.

    Its the responsibility of the gov-ernment to ensure that Canadians get value for money on procurement, Gar-rison said in an email Tuesday.

    Trudeau faces tough campaign Canada seeking UN Security Council seat


    OTTAWA The Liberal govern-ment faces a longer, tougher election campaign, this one worldwide, if it wants to win a UN Security Council seat, say the people who helped Cana-da win its last bid.

    Its not enough for Canada to be back, the government needs a plat-form outlining what it wants to accom-plish on the world stage and it has to make up for a decade of UN neglect under the previous Conservative gov-ernment, they say.

    Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will announce Wednesday in New York

    that Canada plans to seek a non-per-manent seat on the United Nations Security Council.

    Trudeau will be meeting Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, whom he host-ed last month in Ottawa. Thats when Trudeau first mentioned the plan to seek a council seat. Canada lost its last bid for a seat in 2010 after a string of six terms on the council dating back to the late 1940s.

    It is not clear when Canada could seek a new term, because the slate of candidates in the UNs Western and European and Others Group, to which Canada belongs, is full until at least 2020.

    But campaigns for the council typi-

    cally take years and involve much dip-lomatic horse-trading, something the previous Harper government consid-ered to be a compromise.

    Its important to have an agenda, so youre giving people a reason to elect you, said Paul Heinbecker, Can-adas ambassador to the UN during its last stint on the council in 1999-2000. Its not enough to say were Can-ada and were nice and were back and therefore elect us.

    Trudeau doesnt have to do that Wednesday in New York, Heinbecker said, but his government has to soon create a platform, because it is an election.

    Government looks at improving review of border agencyBY THE CANADIAN PRESS

    OTTAWA The Liberal govern-ment says it is looking for ways to improve scrutiny of Canadas border agency amid mounting calls to create an independent watchdog for the orga-nization.

    The office of Public Safety Minis-ter Ralph Goodale said Tuesday the government is examining how best to provide the Canada Border Services

    Agency with appropriate review mech-anisms.

    The statement came as civil rights groups and refugee lawyers decried the second death of someone in the border agencys custody in less than a week.

    The agency holds people who are considered a flight risk or a danger to the public and those whose identities cannot be confirmed.

    In 2013-14, it detained 10,088 immi-grants almost one-fifth of them ref-

    ugee claimants in a variety of facili-ties, including federal holding centres and provincial and municipal jails.

    On March 7, the border services agency was notified by the Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Cor-rectional Services that an individual in immigration detention at the Toron-to East Detention Centre had died.

    On Sunday, the border agency was advised by the Ontario ministry that a person detained at the Maplehurst Correctional Complex had died.

    Opposition call for crack down on contractors


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    Wednesday, March 16, 2016NEWS A8

    The trucks driver was soon identi-fied and with help from the public po-lice tracked the vehicle to the Bower subdivision. Two men and two women were taken into custody after a high-risk arrest near Boyce Street and Be-atty Crescent about 4 p.m.

    Police took all four into custody and recovered a BB pistol believed to have been used to fire the shots.

    Cory Daniel Picard has been charged with using an imitation fire-arm in the commission of an offence, possession of a weapon for a danger-ous purpose, mischief damage to prop-erty over $5,000, and uttering threats.

    RCMP said he was alone in the back seat of the truck. The driver and two other passengers were released without charges but the investigation continues.

    Picard made his first appearance in Red Deer provincial court on Tuesday morning. Dressed in blue prison cov-eralls, the messy-haired man listened attentively as the charges were read.

    After the court clerk read the last charge, for uttering threats in connec-tion with an accusation that he told a police officer he wanted to burn down the detachment, Picard was asked if he understood.

    Yes, can I say something about it? he started before Judge Gordon Yake cut him off and told him to listen to the proceedings.

    Duty counsel Amna Qureshi told the judge that Picard is under the le-gal adult guardianship of his mother. Guardians are given legal authority to make decisions on behalf of someone who may not be capable themselves.

    While Picards mother was not pres-ent on Tuesday, she will be involved in all future legal decisions involving her son.

    The case was adjourned until March 22 when a hearing may be held to de-termine if Picard will be released on conditions.

    Red Deer RCMP Supt. Scott Tod called the shooting a dangerous and serious event even though it turned out that the weapon was allegedly a BB pistol.

    Morigeau pointed out that she had no prior criminal record and took re-sponsibility for the robberies after she was caught by police.

    Standing a little over five-feet-tall (1.5 m), Maychak is hardly imposing and made no effort to use the screw-driver or bear spray during the robber-ies, said Morigeau.

    She only made a few hundred dol-lars from the crimes, some of which was shared with an accomplice in at least one case.

    These were very unsophisticated crimes, said Morigeau, who sought a sentence in the two- to four-year range.

    Maychak expressed her remorse for her crimes.

    Im not a career criminal, she told the judge. What I did was really wrong. Im living the repercussions.

    Im not a big threat to anybody but myself.

    Yake sentenced Maychak to three years in prison on each of the armed robbery charges, one of which is to be served concurrently. The attempted robbery charge netted a one-year con-current sentence.

    She was given 51 days credit for previous jail time, leaving her with a five-years and 314 days to serve. She must provide a sample of her DNA to a national database and faces weap-ons prohibitions when she gets out of prison.

    Janet Whitesell, the citys waste management superintendent, said the average household sets out 1.8 bags of waste per week.

    She said some households may have more garbage at certain times of year.

    The change is about encouraging the use of its diversion programs and moving towards the waste reduction targets, she said.

    Its achievable with our diversion programs and what we observe what our residents are doing at the moment, she said. The five bag limit was nev-er intended to always stay at five. It was always something that was in our plans and discussions.

    A 2011 survey indicated that 53 per cent of residents would support lower-ing the weekly limit. Of those respon-dents, 57 per cent supported a

    SUSPECT: Mother is legal guardian


    ROBBERY: Crimes unsophisticated

    TRASH: Average is 1.8 bags weekly

    Were seeing a lot of these replica weapons used in offences. The disturb-ing thing is that they resemble a real firearm and its very hard for officers to make that call whether its a repli-ca or not. We dont have the luxury to make that analysis when faced with it, Tod said.

    He said the shooting was still a threat to the community.

    Its a threat to the police office and the public thats in the police office. Thankfully the glass didnt shatter and didnt drop on anybody. Im just very proud of my members, how quickly we apprehended them, Tod said.

    As an isolated incident, residents shouldnt be too concerned, he said.

    three-bag limit; 23 per cent support a two-bag limit and 20 per cent support a four-bag limit.

    Findings from the 2013 WMMP pub-lic consultation suggests 77 per cent of residents were in support of lowering the bag limit when linked to increasing the types of plastics accepted in the blue box program.

    The bag reduction is part of the citys overall strategy to reduce Red Deers per capita disposal rate to 500 kg per capita by 2023.

    Nearly 75,000 tonnes of waste from Red Deer was disposed at the Red Deer Waste Management Facility in 2011, the most current data. That trans-lates to 812 kg per capita. By compari-son, the Canadian average is 777 kg per capita, and the Alberta average is 1,122 kg per capita.

    Council will debate the recommen-dation in the coming weeks. If it passes three readings, the service change may go into effect as of April 25.

    [email protected]

    Trump wins Florida, loses OhioBY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

    WASHINGTON Donald Trump scored victories Tuesday in three states, including the big-prize Florida, but lost Ohio to the states governor, John Kasich, as the billionaire con-tinued to move ahead in his stunning campaign for the Republican presi-dential nomination. Hillary Clinton won at least three states, dealing a se-vere blow to Bernie Sanders bid to slow her march toward the Democratic nomination.

    Marco Rubio, the Florida senator who staked his once-promising cam-paign on winning in his home state, dropped out of the presidential race shortly after the polls closed. That leaves Kasich as the last true estab-lishment candidate running against Trump and arch-conservative Texas Sen. Ted Cruz.

    Trump, the brash and controver-sial reality TV star, has upended Re-publican politics by winning most of the state-by-state competitions for delegates who will choose the partys nominee. He has seized on Americans anger with Washington politicians, dis-comfort with immigration and fears of terrorism, attracting voters with his blunt talk and simply worded promise to make America great again.

    Tuesdays votes in five states had been viewed as a pivotal moment in the Republican presidential cam-paign. For the first time, two states Ohio and Florida had winner-take-all contests. A Trump sweep could have given him an insurmountable lead in the delegate count.

    Trump won the biggest prize all 99 Florida delegates as well as win-ning North Carolina and Illinois, and

    was locked in a tight race with Cruz in Missouri. He told a victory rally in Florida, This was an amazing night.

    But Kasichs win, capturing all of Ohios 66 delegates, was crucial to keeping alive the hopes of mainstream Republicans trying to stop Trump.

    While Trump had amassed the most delegates going into Tuesday, hes won

    fewer than 50 per cent of them. If that pace continues, he would fall short of the majority that he would need to as-sure him the nomination at the partys convention in July. The result could be a contested convention, creating an unpredictable outcome.

    This was the first victory for Kasich, whose upbeat message and long re-

    cord of government service has had little resonance as his rivals seized on voters anxiety and disdain for Wash-ington. While he could benefit from Rubio dropping out, he remains an extreme longshot for the nomination, though he could help keep Trump be-low the 50 per cent threshold.

    Cruz said at a Houston rally that the battle for the Republican presidential nomination battle was a two-person race between himself and Trump. He did not mention Kasich by name.

    Trump now has 619 delegates. Cruz has 394, Kasich 136 and Rubio left the race with 167. It takes 1,237 delegates to win the Republican nomination for president.

    In the Democratic race, Clintons victories in Florida and North Caroli-na were expected, but Sanders, a Ver-mont senator and self-described dem-ocratic socialist, had hoped to take the industrial state of Ohio, which Clin-ton won. He has criticized the former secretary of state for her past support for trade deals. Sanders is unlikely to overtake Clinton in the delegate count, but his victory last week in Michigan underscored the unease that many party voters have about her candidacy.

    Clinton narrowly led in Illinois, while Sanders was slightly ahead in Missouri.

    With her wins Tuesday, Clinton put herself in a commanding position to become the first woman in U.S. history to win a major party nomination.

    Overall, Clinton has at least 1,488 total delegates including superdele-gates, who are elected officials and party leaders free to support the can-didate of their choice. Sanders has at least 704 delegates when the count in-cludes superdelegates. It takes 2,383 to win the Democratic nomination.


    Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks to supporters at his primary election night event at his Mar-a-Lago Club in Palm Beach, Fla., Tuesday.

    Manitoba court grants wish for doctors aid in death

    WINNIPEG Manitoba has become the latest province to have a court grant a patient the right to die with the help of a doctor.

    Chief Justice Glenn Joyal made the ruling after a hearing Tuesday during which the patients application was unopposed. Joyal also granted a request not to identify the patient or any health-care professionals involved.

    The applicant has satisfied the court that the applicant is competent to request physician-assisted death, Joyal said. The applicant clearly consents to the termination of life and has a grievous, irremediable medical condition that causes the applicant enduring suffering that is

    intolerable.The Supreme Court last year struck

    down a law that prohibited medical aid in dying. In January, it gave the federal government more time to craft new legislation, but said anyone who wants an assisted death sooner can apply to a judge.

    Neither the patient nor any of the patients family was in court. The patient issued a written statement following the ruling indicating peace with the decision to die.

    Notley promises changes to remove secrecy around future

    NDP fundraisersEDMONTON Alberta Premier

    Rachel Notley says her party is making changes to avoid the appearance of secrecy around future fundraisers.

    Notley said Tuesday she will act on recommendations made by ethics commissioner Marguerite Trussler and ensure future events are well advertised and made known to the public.

    Trussler has cleared Notley and the NDP of allegations they violated conflict-of-interest rules at two events last month.

    One was a Feb. 23 fundraiser at the Art Gallery of Alberta in Edmonton. The main ticket cost $250 and was advertised on the partys website.

    But some donors were phoned or emailed and invited to a smaller pre-fundraising event that promised one-on-one access to Notley and her ministers for an extra $750. The add-on never went ahead after Trussler launched her investigation.

    The ethics commissioner said the structure of the fundraiser was OK, but both events should have been advertised on the NDP website.

    The perception that only a chosen few are being invited is best avoided, Trussler wrote in her report.

    Alberta MLA first denies, then admits to flipping bird

    in house at oppositionEDMONTON A backbench NDP

    member has apologized to the Alberta legislature for making an obscene ges-ture at an opposition member and then for misleading the house when he was caught.

    I made an inappropriate gesture to members opposite, which I regret and for which I apologize, Michael

    Connolly, the member for Calgary Hawkwood, said Tuesday morning in the chamber.

    My actions were not befitting of this chamber and the dignity herein.

    It was last Thursday during heated debate over the governments jobs pol-icy that the Wildrose Opposition said Connolly flipped the bird in their direction.

    Connolly initially denied it at the time, saying he was just waving his hand.

    But he admitted to it Tuesday af-ter a table officer in the house later reported he saw Connolly make the gesture.

    When this matter was raised at the time I sought to minimize the matter instead of taking full responsibility, Connolly told the house Tuesday.

    To be clear, my actions were not acceptable, and my apology and expla-nation were not good enough.

    Outside the house, Connolly told reporters he made the gesture out of frustration because he felt the Wil-drose was refusing to answer questions on social policy.

    I leaned back and I threw up a ges-ture out of frustration and immediate-ly regretted it because I had realized what I had done, he said.

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    THE ADVOCATE Wednesday, March 16, 2016


    Minister takes shine to cleanup pitchBY THE CANADIAN PRESS

    CALGARY A proposal to use federal infrastruc-ture funds to accelerate the cleanup of inactive oil and gas wells in Alberta with the aim of spurring employment in the ailing industry has the thumbs-up of the provinces energy minister.

    The Petroleum Services Association of Canada announced Monday that it made the $500-million pitch to Ottawa earlier this month. The sum would cover a small fraction of the work needed to decom-mission the 75,000 wells across the province that are no longer producing.

    Good on them, Energy Minister Marg Mc-Cuaig-Boyd said of PSACs move.

    That is one way to get Albertans back to work in the interim and it isnt unprecedented, she told reporters after speaking at an energy conference in Calgary on Tuesday.

    McCuaig-Boyd referred to the Alberta govern-ments $30-million contribu-tion to the provinces orphan well fund during the last downturn in 2009.

    While Alberta does have a polluter-pay policy that makes companies responsi-ble for well decommission-ing, McCuaig-Boyd says the province also has big eco-nomic problems.

    I think we could put a lot of folks to work in a fairly quick time (with the feder-al money) because the skills are out there right now and it is an issue that needs to be dealt with, she said.

    It will provide some jobs.

    No solution is going to provide jobs for everybody, but we need to look at how we can get as many Al-bertans back to work as we can.

    The Saskatchewan government made a similar federal pitch last month.

    That provinces proposal would cost Ottawa $156 million and would generate an estimated 1,200 jobs over the next two years.

    Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall said hes not heard back from Ottawa yet on his proposal, but that hell be watching next weeks federal budget very, very closely.

    Were hopeful (the PSAC ask) helps provide some momentum to our request and that the federal government would indeed go with our request, Wall said in a phone interview during an election cam-paign stop in Saskatoon.


    Please see CLEANUP on Page A10

    Drug giant watches stock value dissolve in trading


    MONTREAL Valeant Pharmaceuticals, once one of Canadas most valuable companies, saw its stock plunge to its lowest level in more than three years on Tuesday after reporting fourth-quarter earnings below expectations and lowering its out-look for 2016.

    Shares in the Quebec-based drug giant lost more than 47 per cent of their value after three hours of trading, hovering at C$48.30 on the Toronto Stock Exchange. At its peak last August, Valeant stock was worth nearly C$350.

    Our business is not operating on all cylinders, CEO Michael Pearson said in a conference call. But we and I are committed to get it back on track.

    The company said it had a net loss of US$336.4 million in the final quarter of 2015 rather than a net profit of US$462.6 million as analysts had expect-ed largely due to costs associated with restructur-ing and acquisitions.

    After adjustments, Valeant says it earned US$875.7 million or $2.50 per share. Analysts had estimated adjusted earnings of US$942.8 million, or $2.61 per share, according to Thomson Reuters.

    Valeants revenue for the fourth quarter was just under US$2.8 billion, which was in line with analyst estimates, but the company reduced its previous sales and adjusted earnings estimates for the first quarter of 2016.

    In a sense, weve botched a quarter, Pearson said.

    There could be more bad news on the horizon.The drugmaker has delayed filing its 2015 annual

    report with regulators while it investigates its for-mer relationship with Philidor. Questions arose last October after a report revealed Valeants previous-ly undisclosed relationship with the Pennsylvania mail-order pharmacy. Valeant has since launched an internal investigation into the matter.

    The company risks defaulting on its debt if the 2015 annual report is not filed by April 29. Pearson said he hopes to file the report next month.

    Also last month, Valeant announced that it had to restate its financial results for 2014 and 2015 after finding that about US$58 million of sales to Philidor were recognized at the wrong time.

    Its efforts to regain confidence may have taken a hit Tuesday when it overstated its forecast of adjust-ed pre-tax operating earnings EBITDA over the next four quarters. Valeant later issued a corrected news release.

    Pearson said he accepts responsibility for Valeants poor performance and miscommunication about its strategy.

    We have to earn back the credibility, he said. Its a bit of a starting-over point at this point for me and the company and clearly if we dont deliver, then thats on me.

    Valeant is facing allegations of drug-price goug-ing, accusations it has denied. It is also under in-vestigation by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, U.S. Attorneys offices in Massachusetts and New York, as well as Congress, as part of their probes into price hikes for certain drugs.




    OTTAWA The Canadian Real Estate Associa-tion raised its outlook for home sales this year as the Vancouver and Toronto markets continued to charge ahead of expectations in contrast to other cities.

    CREA said Tuesday it had expected the market to cool this year with smaller price gains in B.C. and Ontario.

    However, many of the defining themes among Canadian housing markets last year have persisted, and in some cases intensified, in early 2016, it said in its updated forecast.

    CREA said it now expects sales this year to grow by 1.0 per cent compared with earlier expectations of a 1.1 per cent contraction.

    Canadian resale housing market trends this year are expected to resemble those apparent in 2015, with very tight supply leading to strong price gains in British Columbia and Ontario particularly in the Lower Mainland and in and around the Greater To-ronto Area, the forecast said. Price gains in these regions are expected to continue to stand in sharp contrast to moderate price declines among housing markets whose prospects are closely tied to oil and other natural resource prices.

    B.C. and Ontario are expected to drive the nation-al average price up eight per cent to $478,100 in 2016, according to the forecast.

    The revised outlook came as CREA reported home sales in February were up 18.7 per cent from a year ago, driven by sales in Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal. Vancouver and Toronto also helped pump up the national average price for a home sold in February to $503,057. Excluding those two markets, the average price was $355,235, up 8.7 per cent.

    BMO chief economist Doug Porter said the nation-al figures dont mean much given the big differences between cities.

    Talking about averages in Canadas housing mar-ket is like saying the weighted average temperature between the fire on my gas stove and the ice in my freezer is a mildly warm 22 degrees its meaning-less, Porter said. The Canadian housing market remains a tale of three solitudes the uber-strength in Vancouver and Toronto (and surrounding cities in both regions), ice-cold conditions in markets ex-posed to oil prices, and the just-right middle markets in almost every other region.


    A trading post on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange displays the Valeant Pharmaceuticals logo, Tuesday. Valeant Pharmaceuticals cut its estimates for 2016 and said it could default on some of its debt if it does not complete required financial statements by late April.



    U.S. bars Atlantic drilling as Obama builds environmental legacy


    WASHINGTON In a major reversal, the Obama administration said Tuesday it will bar oil drilling off Americas Atlantic Coast, a move cheered by en-vironmentalists and consistent with the presidents aggressive steps to combat climate change.

    Interior Secretary Sally Jewell said the decision protects the Atlantic for future generations. She said the administration had listened to thousands of people in coastal communities from Florida to New England who said, Now is not the time to start leas-ing off the Atlantic Coast.

    However, business groups and most Republicans criticized it as another example of what they call ex-ecutive overreach.

    Despite a surge in oil and natural gas production in the past seven years that has helped push gasoline prices below $2 a gallon, Republicans and industry groups have criticized Obama for imposing what they say are unnecessary regulations on drilling, es-

    pecially on federal lands. Most of the drilling boom has occurred on state and private lands and in the Gulf of Mexico, long the centre of U.S. offshore oil production.

    The decision reverses a proposal made last year in which the administration floated a plan that would have opened up a broad swath of the Atlantic Coast to drilling. That January 2015 proposal would have opened up sites more than 50 miles off Virgin-ia, North and South Carolina and Georgia to oil drill-ing no earlier than 2021.

    President Barack Obama, in his final year in of-fice, is working to build an environmental legacy that includes a global agreement to curb climate change and a plan to reduce carbon pollution from coal-fired power plants. Obama also has imposed limits on smog-causing pollution linked to asthma and has rejected the Keystone XL oil pipeline.

    The proposal on Atlantic drilling is likely to be-come an issue in the 2016 presidential campaign. Both Democratic candidates oppose it, while Repub-licans vow to expand drilling.

    File photo by THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

    Interior Secretary Sally Jewell testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington. In a major reversal, the Obama administration says it will not allow oil drilling in the Atlantic Ocean. Interior Secretary Sally Jewell made the announcement Tuesday on Twitter, declaring that the administrations next five-year offshore drilling plan protects the Atlantic for future generations.

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    B1SPORTSRebels come up short against Hitmen


    Hitmen 4 Rebels 2If this was a preview of the Red

    Deer Rebels first round playoff series, it wont be a very long series.

    Two days after routing the Le-thbridge Hurricanes and get within striking distance of top spot in the Cen-tral Division, the Rebels came up short against the visiting Calgary Hitmen, losing 4-2.

    Maybe the group was satisfied to finish second and they want Calgary in the first round, said Rebels GM/head coach Brent Sutter.

    I wasnt pleased with our game, the coaching staff wasnt pleased with our game.

    We had guys tonight whose game, in 48 hours, dropped off significant-ly. The toughest thing about tonights game was you had to push to get some-thing out of the group. It shouldnt have been that way.

    Sutter said he expected the group to throw everything they could at the next few games and maybe catch Leth-bridge.

    I thought some of our top players tonight werent very good. Probably our most consistent line throughout the night was the (Jeff) de Witt (with Braden Putrill and Austin Pratt). The other lines were very sporadic in their play.

    The Hitmen got on the board less than 30 seconds into the game after a point shot from Radel Fazleev was redirected past Trevor Martin by Jack-son Houck. Houck finished the night with a goal and an assist.

    For the Rebels, Luke Philp set up both goals while Adam Helewka scored his 40th goal of the year.

    Our specialty teams tonight hurt us more than they helped us, said Sutter. We gave a power play goal and a short handed goal.

    I didnt like our game that much.A power play in the first proved to

    be less than beneficial for the Rebels. A three-on-two odd man rush the other way, after Adam Helewka fanned on a point shot, led to the Hitmens second goal, a short handed marker. Then in a nasty collision, Michael Spacek sus-tained an injury and was writhing in

    pain on the ice. He left the bench, but was back on the bench before the peri-od was out.

    A tripping minor to Brandon Hagel set up a Hitman power play, which led to their third goal. Jakob Stukel chipped in Houcks pass through the crease into an empty cage.

    After going down 3-0, the Rebels re-sponded four minutes into the second frame. With Helewka streaking down into the slot and took a feed from Luke Philp from behind the net. Helewas wrist shot got past Hitman goalie Cody

    Porter.Grayson Pawlenchuk got the Rebels

    closer after he tipped Nelson Nogiers shot to cut the deficit to 3-2. The come-back would be cut off from that point forward.

    Beck Malenstyn sealed the winwith an empty netter with 10 seconds to go in the game.

    The Rebels close out the season with a home-and-home series with the Edmonton Oil Kings. That starts Thurs-day night in Edmonton at 7 p.m. before coming back to Red Deer on Saturday.

    Notes: Two new Rebels appeared on the injury report this week. Forward Evan Polei has an upper body injury and is out week-to-week and forward Taden Rattie has a day-to-day upper body injury. Forward Reese Johnson, defence Josh Mahura and goalie Rylan Toth remain on the injury report Porter left the game after taking a shot on goal that hit him in the shoulder. Nik Amundrud was brought in to re-place Porter.

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    Photo by JEFF STOKOE/Advocate staff

    Red Deer Rebel Adam Musil checks Calgary Hitmen Tyler Mrkonjic during second period action at the Centrium on Tuesday. The Rebels lost to the Hitmen 4-2.


    Raptors 107 Bucks 89MILWAUKEE Even though lead-

    ing scorer DeMar DeRozan was given the night off, Kyle Lowry and some of the lesser-known Toronto Raptors made sure they had little trouble with Milwaukee.

    Lowry had 25 points and 11 assists, and rookie Norman Powell scored a season-high 17 in a 107-89 victory over the Bucks on Tuesday.

    It just shows how much depth we have on the bench, when your star player can have a rest game and we still have a dominating game like that, said Powell, who played 34 min-utes after averaging just 7 per game coming in.

    Bismack Biyombo, starting for in-jured centre Jonas Valanciunas, had 12 points, 13 rebounds and two big

    blocks in the decisive third quarter, when Milwaukee missed 16 of 22 shots.

    Toronto led 81-66 after three, allow-ing coach Dwane Casey to rest Lowry in the fourth.

    It was just our activity (on de-fence), Lowry said. Biz got two big blocks and that just sparked us. When