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  • RECENT RESEARCHES in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

    Proceedings of the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (FLUIDS '13)

    Proceedings of the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Heat and Mass Transfer (HMT '13)

    Milan, Italy January 9-11, 2013

    Scientific Sponsor:

    University of Naples Federico II, Italy

    Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering Series | 2

    ISSN: 2227-4596 Published by WSEAS Press ISBN: 978-1-61804-153-1 www.wseas.org

    http://www.wseas.org/

  • RECENT RESEARCHES in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Proceedings of the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (FLUIDS '13) Proceedings of the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Heat and Mass Transfer (HMT '13) Milan, Italy January 9-11, 2013 Published by WSEAS Press www.wseas.org Copyright 2013, by WSEAS Press All the copyright of the present book belongs to the World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society Press. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the Editor of World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society Press. All papers of the present volume were peer reviewed by no less that two independent reviewers. Acceptance was granted when both reviewers' recommendations were positive. See also: http://www.worldses.org/review/index.html

    ISSN: 2227-4596 ISBN: 978-1-61804-153-1

    World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society

    http://www.wseas.org/

  • RECENT RESEARCHES in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

    Proceedings of the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (FLUIDS '13)

    Proceedings of the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Heat

    and Mass Transfer (HMT '13)

    Milan, Italy January 9-11, 2013

  • Editors: Prof. Guoxiang Liu, University of North Dakota, USA Prof. Damelys Zabala, Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela. Scientific Committee-Reviewers: Cavaropol Dan Victor Mihaela Dudita George D. Verros Valeriy Perminov Cristian Patrascioiu Ioana Diaconescu Guoxiang Liu Mohammad Reza Safaei Konstantin Volkov Vasile Cojocaru Yogesh Kumar Ahadollah Azami Zailan Siri Najib Altawell Damelys Zabala Muhammad Musaddique Ali Rafique Merzik Kamel Calbureanu Popescu Madalina Xenia Miguel Angel Vigil Berrocal Heimo Walter Petr Mastny Elena Scutelnicu M. M. Noor Isaac Yeboah Krisztina Uzuneanu Alina Adriana Minea Sorin Gherghinescu Mahdi Falsafioon Hamed Ziaeipoor Asish Mitra Oguz Arslan

  • Preface This year the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (FLUIDS '13) and the 10th WSEAS International Conference on Heat and Mass Transfer (HMT '13) were held in Milan, Italy, January 9-11, 2013. The conferences provided a platform to discuss mathematical modeling in fluid mechanics, material properties, hydrotechnology, nano-fluids, plasma engineering, molecular dynamics, heat and mass transfer, thermal engineering, continuum mechanics, management of heating resources, solar energy, waste management and energy production, urban areas and heat pollution etc with participants from all over the world, both from academia and from industry.

    Their success is reflected in the papers received, with participants coming from several countries, allowing a real multinational multicultural exchange of experiences and ideas.

    The accepted papers of these conferences are published in this Book that will be sent to international indexes. They will be also available in the E-Library of the WSEAS. Extended versions of the best papers will be promoted to many Journals for further evaluation.

    Conferences such as these can only succeed as a team effort, so the Editors want to thank the International Scientific Committee and the Reviewers for their excellent work in reviewing the papers as well as their invaluable input and advice.

    The Editors

  • Table of Contents

    Plenary Lecture 1: Modelling and Simulation of Particle-Laden Flows in Engineering Applications

    12

    Konstantin Volkov Plenary Lecture 2: PIV Measurement of Flow around an Arbitrarily Moving Body 13Hyung Jin Sung Plenary Lecture 3: 3D Holographic PTV Measurements of Micro-Scale Flows 14Sang Joon Lee Plenary Lecture 4: Tomographic PTV 15Deog Hee Doh Plenary Lecture 5: Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics and Fluid-Structure Interaction to Simulate the Cardiovascular System

    16

    Daniel M. Espino Plenary Lecture 6: Modeling for Refrigerant Characteristics in Non-Adiabatic Capillary Tube and Application to Vapor Compression Refrigeration Cycle Analysis

    17

    Ji Hwan Jeong A Study on Representing Irregular Boundaries by the Lattice Boltzmann Method 19E. Aslan, A. Nahavandi, I. Taymaz, A. C. Benim Characteristics of Adiabatic Air-Water Flow through Smooth Contraction 27Emrah Deniz, Nurdil Eskin Viscous Free Surface Numerical Simulations of Oscillating SWATH Ship Sections 33Luca Bonfiglio, Stefano Brizzolara, Chryssostomos Chryssostomidis A Note on the Shoaling of AcousticGravity Waves 39Usama Kadri, Michael Stiassnie Numerical Simulation of the Oscillating Flow around a Droplet 46Tadashi Watanabe On Convergence of the Homotopy Perturbation Method for a Particle Transport Problem in Absorbing Medium

    52

    Nikos Mastorakis, Olga Martin Motion and Combustion of Non-Spherical Metal Particle in Channel Flow Induced by Wall Injection

    59

    Konstantin Volkov, Irina Kurova Unsteady Two-Phase Flows in Combustion Chambers of Solid Rocket Motors 70Konstantin Volkov

    Recent Researches in Mechanical Engineering

    ISBN: 978-1-61804-153-1 9

  • Numerical Simulation of Laser-Induced Detonation in Multi-Phase Mixtures 76Konstantin Volkov, Vladislav Emelyanov Numerical Investigation of Two Phase Flow in Micro-Sized Circular Tube 84Y. S. Lim, S. C. M. Yu Structural Design of a Main Starting Air Valve 89Byung-Hyun Jang, Ji-In Heo, Kwon-Hee Lee Prediction of the Flow Characteristics of Relief Valve 94Tae-Sung Bae, Seul Lee, Joon Hong Park, Kwon-Hee Lee MathCAD Solutions for Problem of Laminar Boundary-Layer Flow 97Daniela Crstea Reduced Order Modeling for Supersonic Cavity Flows 107Ibrahim Yilmaz, Ece Ayli, Selin Aradag Application of Fluid-Structure Interaction to Investigate a Malformed Biological Heart Valve: A Three Dimensional Study of the Bicuspid Aortic Valve

    113

    M. Y. S. Kuan, N. C. Green, D. M. Espino Measurement of In-Plane Capillary Water Flow of Fabrics by Thermocouples 116Chunhong Zhu, Masayuki Takatera PIV Measurement of Flow around an Arbitrarily Moving Body 121Hyung Jin Sung 3D Holographic PTV Measurements of Micro-Scale Flows 126Sang Joon Lee, Kyung Won Seo Advances in Micro Fluid Dynamics Modelling 132Dorothea Kasiteropoulou, Dimitris Drikakis Building and Calibrating an Open Circuit Wind Tunnel with Visualization and Measuring Turbulent Characteristic of Flow and Their Dependence on Screens and Honey Comb

    138

    Kamyar Mansour, Ali Kargar Application of Incompressible Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Method for 3D Fluid Solid Interaction Problem

    144

    Fanfan Sun, Mingyi Tan, Jing Tang Xing Tomographic PTV 150Deog Hee Doh, Gyeong Rae Cho The Influence of the Solar Shading Devices on the Energy Consumed for the Office Buildings Cooling Process

    155

    Marius Adam Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flows in Combustion Chamber 161Askarova Aliya, Bolegenova Symbat, Bekmukhamet Aidyn, Maximov Valery, Beketayeva Meruyert

    Recent Researches in Mechanical Engineering

    ISBN: 978-1-61804-153-1 10

  • Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer Enhancement and Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger Tube Fitted with Dual Twisted Tape Elements

    167

    Dogan Erdemir, Sibel Gunes, Veysel Ozceyhan, Necdet Altuntop Modeling of Sodium Chloride Transport in the Hides and Its Application in the Desalting of Fleshings

    173

    Karel Kolomaznik, Jiri Pecha, Michaela Barinova, Vladimir Vasek, Petr Halamka Mathematical Model of the Transport of Reacting Components in Gelatin Production 178Jaroslav Solc, Michaela Barinova, Hana Charvatova, Karel Kolomaznik Vibration of Gold Nano-Beam with Variable Thermal Conductivity Subjected to Sinusoidal Heating

    182

    H. M. Youssef, K. A. Elsibai, A. A. El-Bary Authors Index 191

    Recent Researches in Mechanical Engineering

    ISBN: 978-1-61804-153-1 11

  • Plenary Lecture 1

    Modelling and Simulation of Particle-Laden Flows in Engineering Applications

    Professor Konstantin Volkov Kingston University

    Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing London, United Kingdom

    E-mail: k.volkov@kingston.ac.uk Abstract: Industrial activity of modern society is often concerned with suspensions of solid or liquid particles in gas or fluid flows. The role of particles and droplets in environmental and engineering applications is two-fold. On the one hand, particles and droplets may pose potential hazard for human activity (erosion of surface and deposition of aerosols in human lungs). On the other hand, particles or droplet can be successfully used in engineering solutions (to induce working processes in energy systems and to suppress acoustic instabilities of thermal processes). Processes that control transport and combustion of particles and droplets in turbulent flows remain unresolved, and introduce significant uncertainties into modeling and simulation. Modeling of particles dynamics within the existing CFD models suffer from lack of currently available knowledge in particle microphysics. This lecture is aimed to quantify and to monitor particle/droplet motion in turbulent flows, and to create

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