reading a map
Post on 14-Feb-2017
Embed Size (px)
Reading a Map
Reading a Map
Maps and Globes
A map is a two dimensional representation of the world or a part of a geographical area of the Earths surface.
A person who creates maps is called a cartographer.
A collection of maps bound together in a book is called an atlas.
A key helps us to understand what the colours, symbols and signs used in a map stand for. It helps to identify easily the type of features shown in a particular area.
Types of mapsPolitical PhysicalTopographicThematic
Topographic MapPhysical features on a topographic map are shown through contours.
A globe is an exact man made model of the Earth. It gives an accurate picture of the Earths surface as it is a spherical representation of the Earth. It helps us to see the continents and oceans on the Earth.
Advantages of a globe
GlobesMapsA globe is a three dimensional man made model of the Earth. A map is a two dimensional representation of the world or a part of a geographical area of the Earths surface.
It is spherical in shape.It is drawn on a flat surface* We understand the movements of the earth-rotation and revolution -from a globeWe can make a detailed study of a particular area.A globe shows continents and oceans and their position.A map can show the details of a place or cross section with the help of colour, signs and symbols.
Uses of a globeHelps us to understand the earths movement, day and night, the seasons, the latitude and the longitude.Shows the direction of one part of the world from another.Shows the relation of the continents and oceansEmphasizes the physical unity of the world and shows how one part is related to the rest.