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Reactors - Antiresonance Harmonic Filter

GeneralThe increasing use of modern power electronic apparatus (drives, uninterruptible power supplies, etc.)produces nonlinear current andthus influences and loads the network with harmonics (line pollution).

The power factor correction or capacitance of the power capacitorforms a resonant circuit in conjunction with the feeding transformer. Experienceshows that the self-resonantfrequency of this circuit is typically between 250 and 500 Hz, i.e. in the region of the 5th and 7th harmonics.

Such a resonance although can leadto the following undesirable effects: overloading of capacitors, overloading of transformers and transmission equipment, interference with metering and control systems, computers and electrical gear, resonance elevation, i.e. amplification of harmonics, voltage distortion.

These resonance phenomena canbe avoided by connecting capacitorsin series with filter reactors inthe PFC system. These so calleddetuned PFC systems are scaledin a way that the self-resonant

frequency is below the lowest line harmonic. The detuned PFC system is purely inductive seen by harmonics above this frequency. For the base line frequency (50 or 60 Hz usually), the detuned system on the other hand acts purely capacitive, thus correcting the reactive power.

Applications Avoidance of resonance conditions Tuned and detuned harmonic filters Reduction of harmonic distortion (network clearing) Reduction of power losses

Features High harmonic loading capability Very low losses High linearity to avoid choke tilt Low noise Convenient mounting Long expected life time Temperature protection (NC contact)

* According to DIN ENV VV61000-2-2

Type tested at CPRI H Class insulation Thermal Micro Switch Linearity 173%

55

Technical data and limit values

Filter reactors

Harmonics* V = 0.5% V (duty cycle = 100%)3 R

V = 6.0% V (duty cycle = 100%)5 R

V = 5.0% V (duty cycle = 100%)7 R

V = 3.5% V (duty cycle = 100%)11 R

V = 3.0% V (duty cycle = 100%)13 R22 2

Effective current Irms = (I +I ... I )1 3 13

Fundamental current I = 1.06 I (50 Hz or 60 Hz current of capacitor)1 R

Temperature protection microswitch (NC)

Dimensional drawings and terminals see page 62 and 63

Three-phase filter reactors to EN 60289

Frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz

Voltage 400 #, 415, 440, 690*

Output 5 100 KVAr

Detuning 5.67%, 7%, 14%

Cooling natural

Ambient temperature 40 C

Class of insulation H

Enclosure IP00

# Other voltage ratings on request

KVAr Material Code Rated Current (A) I rms (A) Inductance (mH) Terminations

5 B44066D7005K440N1 6.6 7.45 9.28 CU. 6/6 Sq. mm

10 B44066D7010K440N1 13.2 14.9 4.65 CU. 6/6 Sq. mm

12.5 B44066D7012K440N1 16.5 18.7 3.71 CU. 6/6 Sq. mm

15 B44066D7015K440N1 19.65 22.35 3.1 AL. 8/35 Sq. mm

20 B44066D7020K440N1 26.24 29.78 2.32 AL. 8/35 Sq. mm

25 B44066D7025K440N1 32.8 37.2 1.86 AL. 8/35 Sq. mm

30 B44066D7030K440N1 39.36 44.7 1.55 AL. 8/50 Sq. mm

40 B44066D7040K440N1 52.49 59.6 1.16 AL. 8/50 Sq. mm

50 B44066D7050K440N1 65.61 74.5 0.93 AL. 8/50 Sq. mm

75 B44066D7075E440N1 98.41 111.68 0.62 20X3 CU BUSBAR

100 B44066D7100E440N1 131.22 148.91 0.46 25X3 CU BUSBAR

Rated voltage - 440 V 7% aluminum wound reactors

Rated voltage - 415 V 7% aluminum wound reactors

Electrical Parameters and Terminations

Electrical Parameters and Terminations

KVAr Material Code Rated Current (A) I rms (A) Inductance (mH) Terminations

5 B44066D7005K415N1 6.96 7.89 8.257 CU. 6/6 Sq. mm

10 B44066D7010K415N1 13.91 15.79 4.128 CU. 6/6 Sq. mm

12.5 B44066D7012K415N1 17.39 19.73 3.303 CU. 6/6 Sq. mm

15 B44066D7015K415N1 20.87 23.68 2.752 AL. 8/35 Sq. mm

20 B44066D7020K415N1 27.82 31.58 2.064 AL. 8/35 Sq. mm

25 B44066D7025K415N1 34.78 39.47 1.651 AL. 8/35 Sq. mm

30 B44066D7030K415N1 41.74 47.36 1.376 AL. 8/50 Sq. mm

40 B44066D7040K415N1 55.65 63.15 1.032 AL. 8/50 Sq. mm

50 B44066D7050K415N1 69.56 78.94 0.826 AL. 8/50 Sq. mm

75 B44066D7075E415N1 104.34 118.41 0.55 20x3 CU BUSBAR

100 B44066D7100E415N1 139.12 157.88 0.413 25x3 CU BUSBAR

Reactors - Antiresonance Harmonic Filter

56

Reactor dimensional details

L W

e

n2 d2

b

R. H. SIDE VIEWELEVATION

1

n1A 7

open slotd1 x d2 - 4 Nos.

WAGO TERMINALL TYPE

2.5 mm sq/500 V.

l2

d1

H

Type tested at CPRI H Class insulation Thermal Micro Switch Linearity 173%

Type tested at CPRI H Class insulation Thermal Micro Switch Linearity 173%

57

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