quote paraphrase summarize 972003

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    Quoting, Paraphrasing, &

    Summarizing

    Objective:

    Students will be able to identify thedifferences between quotation,

    paraphrase, and summary.

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    Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing are

    writing techniques that allow you to use another

    authors work in your research.

    Citing others works adds credibility to your work

    and provides support for your ideas.

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    To get started, lets read the following short

    article found in the April 2006 issue of USAToday Magazineon page 10.

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    Now lets go through a few examples..

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    Using Quotations

    You must use quotation marks if you are taking

    something directly (word for word) from the

    information source. Quotations must be attributed to

    the original author.

    From the article, you like the sentence that says

    However, body art is going mainstream and growingin popularity, particularly among young people.

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    So in your paper, you will incorporate that sentence.

    The first paragraph of your research paper says:

    Tattoos and body piercings are becoming more and morecommonplace. In fact, if you are standing on a city corner inany city in the United States, you are likely to see a lot of

    tattoos and body piercings on people walking by. Accordingto an article found in the USA Today Magazine, body art isgoing mainstream and growing in popularity, especiallyamong young people. (USA Today Magazine, April 2006,

    page 10).

    Notice that quotation marks are used around the sentencethat was directly borrowed from the article and the readerwas told where the quote was found.

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    Using Paraphrasing

    Paraphrasing means putting information from a source

    into your own words. A paraphrase is generally the

    same length or slightly shorter than the original source.

    For this example, lets try paraphrasing the followingsection.

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    Our Paraphrase

    Just 10 years ago, people in charge of hiring wouldhave placed resumes of people with visible tattoosand body piercings in the discard pile. Today, that

    policy has changed. A significant percentage ofyounger generation employees have tattoos or otherbody marks. (USA Today, April 2006, page 10)

    Notice that youve put the thoughts from the originalsnippet into your own words. Using the same wordsand phrases and just rearranging them is plagiarismand a serious offense.

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    Direct Plagiarism

    Ten years ago, mostjob search authorities would have saidthat tattoos would have eliminated you from possiblecontention for a position. Times have changed. More thanone-third of the younger generation now sport tattoos.

    This is direct plagiarism. The text in red has been takendirectly from the article.

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    Summarizing

    Summarizing means to restate the main points of a

    source in your own words. Again, you must cite the

    source. When you summarize you condense theinformation source into a few sentences.

    For this example, lets try summarizing the entire

    article. Lets look at it again.

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    Our Summary

    This article quotes John A. Challenger, a chief executive officerfor an outsourcing firm, on his views about tattoos and otherbody art. He believes that times have changed and that

    companies will have to become more accepting of body art ifthey want to hire young people. However, he recommendsthat job seekers find out about a future employersacceptance of body art when interviewing for a position. (USAToday, April 2006, page 10)

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    Summing Up

    Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing are all

    important skills to use when writing research papers.

    Using other peoples information provides support

    and credibility to your research.

    Use quotation marks if you are copying word for word.

    Use paraphrasing to put the thoughts of the author into

    your own words.

    Use a summary to describe the main points of an

    information source.