queer theory

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Presentation for A2 Media Studies class on queer theory

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  • 1. Queer Theory Another way to see representations

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H2 zikCUPPxw 3. Are you queer? Queer is by definition whatever is at odds with the normal, the legitimate, the dominant. There is nothing in particular to which it necessarily refers. It is an identity without an essence. 4. Dominant ideology and hegemony Normalising gender roles White, male, heterosexual as the norm Institutionalised politics, church, education, the traditional family etc. 5. However, if youre different then http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uO mS3sb9oxE 6. Queer Theory Queer Theory rejects conventional or mainstream behaviour, including sexual identity, but also a range of identities including race, disability and gender. It rejects the essentialist nature of theories of identity based on binary oppositions like male/female, gay/straight and argues there is another space outside which is queer. 7. It explores and challenges the way in which heterosexuality is constructed as normal... And the way in which the media has limited the representations of gay men and women. Suggests sexual identity is more fluid What media celebrity examples can you think of? 8. Judith Butler 9. Judith Butler Suggests gender is not the result of nature, but is socially constructed. Male and female behaviour roles are not the result of biology but are constructed and reinforced by society through media and culture. Sees gender as a PERFORMANCE. She argues that there are a number ofexaggerated representations of masculinity and femininity which causegender trouble. (Any behaviour or representation that disrupts culturally accepted notions of gender.) 10. Who is? 11. Gregg Araki a gay movie? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=by _4IDH5h1U 12. A heterosexual movie? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ag RzpnS_FGw 13. Gender Trouble Inher most influential book, Gender Trouble (1990), Butler argued that feminism had made a mistake by trying to assert that 'women' were a group with common characteristics and interests That approach, Butler said, performed 'anunwitting regulation and reification of gender relations' - reinforcing a binary view of genderrelations (men and women) She argued that, rather than opening up possibilities for a person to form and choose their own individual identity, feminism had closed the options down 14. There is no gender identity behind the expressions of gender; ... identity is performatively constituted by the very "expressions" that are said to be its results. (Butler) 15. Queer Readings: This.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAf bp3YX9F0 16. Or this? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfb jUmG8zGk 17. Of course Top Gun isnt a gay movie but its clearly, flagrantly not a straight one either. (Mark Simpson) How does this work? 18. Queer theory suggests there are different ways of interpreting contemporary media texts 19. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick Sedgwick describes Queer Theory as: the open mesh of possibilities, gaps, overlaps, dissonance, and resources, lapses and excesses of meaning when the constituent elements of anyone's gender, of anyone's sexuality aren't made (or can't be made) to signify monolithically (1993) What does that mean? 20. Fluidity Thisimplication of fluidity allows us to consider concepts such as transgenderism (moving between genders), transsexualism (physically changing gender), intersex (both sexes present, affects 1 in 2000 babies), pansexual (sexual attraction not based on gender) and trigender (a gender outside of male or female) amongst others At its most radical, it implies all currently accepted definitions of sex, gender and sexuality are questionable, if not redundant 21. Its influence http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1 l7JZA5LQc 22. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W YIOnm_HFc 23. And how it challenges From this http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KEl UaDumoOY 24. To this http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bvI NLBeRPQM 25. And this http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pG Nwu-O7rJ8 26. Is this progress? http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football /25661228 27. Finally Where does all of this leave representation and collective identity?