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The leadership skills and Emotional Intelligence of seven Roman emperors are evaluated while taking a virtual walking tour through ancient Rome. The complete 138 slide tour is available through RomanManagement@yahoo.com


  • 1. Mott L.L. GroomSeptember 2005 Annual Meeting INAARome

2. Today, we are going to take a walk around Rome and see what lessonsthe past has to offer. Because Romans live with one foot in the past ^ 3. And yesterday challenges are still challenges 2000 years later, Because In Rome^ 4. Via S. ChiaraPeople still live in the same buildings, like the 2000 year olbaths of Agrippa ^ 5. they park their vehicles next to the 2400 year old Servian Wall 6. they maneuver around ancientstructures on their way towork^AND 7. AND . . .they jog along the ancient aqueducts, Hollywood . . . 8. . . . likes to emphasize the bizarre, with Gladiator combats and orgies particularly by these two jokers. Palazzo Massimo But, Most amazing thing about ancient Rome and its people is not the bizarre,but the similarities with the presentSo today well talk about Rome, and some of its leadersin business terms, and for this I have borrowed an article . . . 9. Reprint, March/April 2000Daniel Goleman, Rutgers University In this article, the author Daniel Goleman says good leadership gets results and good leadership results from a persons use of his or her^ 10. the ability to manage ourselves andour relationships effectively.Emotional Intelligence consists of . . . 11. Self-Awareness: Social Awareness:Social Skill: Self-Management:A manager needs to know his strengths and weaknesses in each of these areas. Briefly they are . . . 12. Self-Awareness:Self-confidenceAccurate self -assessmentEmotional self-awareness Self Awareness is knowing yourself and your emotional situation 13. Self Awareness:Self-Management:Self-ControlAdaptabilityInitiativeTrustworthinessConscientiousnessSelf Management, is howyou act toward others 14. Self Awareness: Social Awareness:EmpathyOrganizational Self-Management:AwarenessService OrientationSocial Awareness, is how you perceive social situations and interactions 15. Self Awareness:Social Awareness: Self-Management:Social Skill:Visionary LeadershipInfluenceCommunication skill OrganizationConflict ManagementAnd Social Skill is how you motivate, organize and produce results. Then a manager selects a management style for given situation.there are six styles according to Goleman^ 16. 1. Coercive . . . forcing 17. 1. Coercive . . . forcing 2. Authoritative . . . leading, follow me 18. 1. Coercive . . . forcing 2. Authoritative . . . leading, follow me 3. Affiliative . . . People oriented Affiliatiative, which involves people motivating one another 19. 1. Coercive . . . forcing 2. Authoritative . . . leading, follow me 3. Affiliative . . . People oriented 4. Democratic . . . ConsensusDemocratic which builds consensus 20. 1. Coercive . . . forcing 2. Authoritative . . . leading, follow me 3. Affiliative . . . People oriented 4. Democratic . . . Consensus 5. Pacesetting . . . Goal setting and achieving Pacesetting which works against targets and goals 21. 1. Coercive . . . forcing 2. Authoritative . . . leading, follow me 3. Affiliative . . . People oriented 4. Democratic . . . Consensus 5. Pacesetting . . . Goal setting and achieving 6. Coaching . . . mentoring Today, Our survey will cover the period . . . 22. From Julius Caesar in 48 BC to Constantine in 337 AD, and well talk about 1 dictator and 7 emperors. Well look at a 20th century style leader like 23. Palazzo MassimoAugustus ^ and Romes first auditor Emperor . . . 24. and an Iraqi invader. . . Vatican Palazzo Massimo 25. and see how they succeeded or failed in their management challenges. These men didnt pass their days in orgies or feasting at the vomitorium, They spent full time managing an empire with techniquesand skills which arent very different than those practiced today. The Roman empire^ they built . . . 26. Imperial Forum Was a hugely successful organization that At its peak by 160 AD, spanned 3 continents, a land area approximately the size of the 48 United States.Today, we will take a virtual walk around Rome andlearn some lessons from the people who built and ran i. 27. Julius Caesar effectively ended the Republican period in 48 BC. As a Roman general he conquered Gaul and ended the running battles with Romes neighbors. 28. Imperial Forum He then took his legions beyond his authorized territory, crossed the Rubicon river and marched on Rome. Like any good takeover artist, he headed straight . . . 29. . . .for the cashthat hadbeen stashed as a reserveagainst aninvasion by Gaul, which was no longerneeded. ^ He thenheaded downthe Via Appia 30. To pursue the deposed leader Pompey who was fleeing to set up a government in exile.Caesar, always an innovator, understood how to use modern^ technology and hehad his engineers design machines^. 31. EURto attack Pompeys fleeing ships.But, like so often happens today, the technology failed him and he had to resortto traditional warfare to defeat Pompeys army Then, after traveling to Egypt and having a son with its queen Cleopatra,Caesar returned to Rome to manage his empire . . . 32. Palazzo Altemps and in the Inferno, Dante describes his management style as falcon eyed and fully armedBut like a lot of takeover artists, Caesar didnt have the disposition for management, First there was managing at headquarters rather than in the field ^ which meant that . . . 33. Skilled politicians like Cicero were able to promote their Capitoline own agenda and oppose Museum Caesars dictatorship.Caesar also surrounded Himself with sycophants, like Marc Antony who wanted him to declarehimself King. While Caesar did make some reforms in fundamental areassuch as . . . 34. Palazzo Massimo. . .a new solar calendar of 365 days. His ego kept getting in his way , he even named the 5th month July, after himself.Caesar was guilty of two classical management mistakes. He was vulnerable to flattery and henever appreciated thestrength and determination of his opposition. so on the ides^ of march . . . 35. E tu Brutus ? March 44 BC, he was slain at this point in the Pompey theatre by 23 knife wounds.Every year at the altar of the divine Julius in the Forum . . . 36. flowers are still placed on his tomb. So, How do we judge Caesar ? As a manager . . . 37. Marc Antony stood here and said I come to bury Caesar not to praise him, according to Shakespeare But instead of literature, well use Professor Golemans criteria. 38. Emotional Intelligence10 9987 6.57 66Julius Caesar5 44321Self Aware Self Mngt.SocialSocialAvg. Aware SkillsI give Caesar low scores in social awareness and social skills, He was a good talker but a lousy listener and as a result he didnt appreciate the strength and conviction of his opponentsand therefore didnt employ his social awareness and socialskills to win them over , he paid the price, he was assassinatedAnd he was certainly . . . 39. 1.Coercive . . . forcing 2.Authoritative . . . leading, follow me 3.Affiliative . . . People oriented 4.Democratic . . . Consensus 5.Pacesetting . . . Goal setting and achieving 6.Coaching . . . mentoring A coercive leader with his opposition and detractors, although avery authoritative leader with his troops and supporters who idolized him. 40. OctavianSo having dispatched Caesar, lets turned to his adoptedson and successor, Octavian. After Caesars assassinatio there was a long succession struggle, The 3 contenders 31 BC- 14 AD (MA, Octavian , Lepidus) agreed to power sharing, and divi