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An Introduction to HP Quick Test Professional (QTP)

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QTP Software


  • An Introduction to HP Quick Test Professional (QTP)

  • Topics being Covered Introduction to Automation Introduction to QTP and its Salient Features Environment Supported Creating and Enhancing a test suite Integration of QTP with Winrunner and Test director

  • Why Testing tools? No TestingManual TestingTime consumingLow reliabilityHuman resourcesInconsistent- Speed- Repeatability- Programming capabilities- Coverage- Reliability- Reusability- Save Time

  • Which Test Cases to Automate?Tests that need to be run for every build of the application (sanity check, regression test)Tests that use multiple data values for the same actions (data driven tests)Stress/load testing.The more repeatable the test cases the most we prefer automation.Enhancement or further or screens on the application which cannot change in the short terms.

  • What test cases cant be automated?Usability or GUI test caseOne time testing project test cases.Complex scenario's which requires human interactionThird party objects on the application which are not reconigised by the tool.

  • Leading Available Automation Tools

  • QTP An IntroductionQuick Test Professional is the flagship functional testing tool from Mercury Interactive. It is an icon based tool, which automates the functional & regression testing of an application. QTP is easier to use and implement for both technical & non technical testers in comparison to other functional testing tools available.Latest Available versions is QTP 11.0Developed for web functionalityQTP supports both web applications & windows applicationsTest Script developed on VB ScriptQTP supported Technology.NET. J2EE, Main Frame, XML, Java, DelphiERP -> SAP, Seibel, People softQTP run on only windows platform not supporting UNIX, Linux etc

  • Life Cycle Of Automation- Analyze the Application

    Select The Tool Identify the session

    Design/ Record Test Scripts Run the test scriptsFinding & Reporting the defects

  • Creating TestsCreate a test script by recording a manual test scenario on the AUT (Application Under Test) using QTP. Quick Test Pro graphically displays each step users perform in the form of a collapsible, icon based tree view in QTPs Keyword View.Running Tests & Analyzing Test ResultsRunning Tests:Once the test scripts are recorded / created, next step is to execute themWhile running (executing) the tests Quick Test Pro connects to the web site or AUT and performs each operation in the test as performed manually while recording / creating tests (test scripts)Debugging Test : To identify and eliminate the defects in the test scripts. Analyzing Test Results: Once the test scripts are executed, test results and the summary can be viewed for result analysis.

  • Environments SupportedBasic Web TechnologiesHTMLDHTMLXMLBrowsersNetscapeInternet ExplorerAOLAdvanced Web TechnologiesJavaScriptJavaActiveXMultimedia TechnologiesFlashRealAudio/Real VideoMS Media PlayerERP SolutionsmySAP.comSiebel 2001OraclePeopleSoft.NETWin Forms Web FormsNET ControlWeb ServicesXMLWSDL

  • Environments Not Supported

    Custom C/S PowerBuilder Forte Delphi Centura Stingray SmallTalk ERP/CRMBaan PeopleSoft Windows Siebel 5, 6 GUI Clients Oracle GUI Forms

    By using Addin we can access some of these environments

  • The Main ScreenMenu BarFile toolbarTest toolbarTest paneObject Action Screen

  • Important ToolbarsTest toolbar: containing buttons to assist you in the testing process Debug toolbar: containing buttons to assist you in debugging your test Action toolbar: containing buttons and a list of actions, enabling you to view the details of an individual action or the entire test flow Test pane: containing two tabs to view your testthe Keyword View and the Expert View Test Details pane : containing the Active Screen Data Table: containing two or more tabs to assist you in parameterizing your testGlobal and one tab for each Action

  • RecordingThe test engineer generate the script by following two waysRecordingThrough scriptingRecording: In recording time the tool will recognized the application object along with the operation performing on that objects than generate the script(which can have the practical application information) stores the remaining required unique properties in object repository. In recording time QTP generate scripts file and object repository file.In recording time the QTP follows the test object model in run time the QTP follows the run time object model.

  • To Record a TestSteps to follow:1 Open Quick Test.

    2 Open a test:To create a new test, click on New To open an existing test, click on Open

    3 Click the Record button If you are recording for the first time the Record and Run Settings dialog box opens.

  • Record & Run Settings-

  • Run a Test and Save Results-

  • View Test Results-

  • PlaybackabcdeSprint\zXC

  • Keyword View1. Actions bring in modularity 2. Iteration can be controlled. 3. Actions can be reused. First name is the name of the edit box. Set is the method

  • Expert View

  • Test Object Model & Run Time ObjectTest Object model: When we record on the application using QTP the QTP performs a series of activates in the back ground:QTP identifies the class of all the objects in the hierarchy.It learns the property of each object so that it will be able to uniquely identify the project.It assigns a logical name to each object and store the information identified in object repository.It generate the QTP statement or script for the operation which they performed on the application.Properties identify the objectMethods perform and operation on the object.

  • Run time object model: In Test execution time QTP perform the following series of activates:Identify the objects on the application using the information in the object repository.Performs the operations on the object that identify in run time.

  • Test Object ModelQTP Test Object ModelingTest ObjectRun Time ObjectQuick Test Professional maps the Run Time Object to a Test Object already present in its repository. Once recognized it can repeat all our actions.

  • QTP Layered ArchitectureLayer1Layer2Layer3ApplicationPhysical Description

  • QTP Window Expert

  • ObjectsYou may have called your button as button1, but QTP recognizes itwith the name CalculateHTML Code for the button CALCULATE

  • Testing methodologies