qed528 tg1 g4 educational psychology presentation

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  • 1. QED528 Educational Psychology Problem-based Learning Scenario 1
  • 2. Presentation Outline Introduction of scenario 1 (Kei)- Incorporating research questions Theories, analysis & proposed solutions- Psychosocial development- Parenting- Cognitive development- Motivation
  • 3. Description of scenario What is the role of the teacher in a students learning journey? Great, now I have more things to do on top of the never-ending homework I have. I shouldnt have asked him that question.
  • 4. Description of scenario How does the mismatch between expectations, abilities and skills affect Keis performance in school? Is this mismatch detrimental to learning, and to what extent? If not for my mother Ill be in Why cant you study Poly doing Mass Comm. harder, like your sister? Your mother and I have very high expectations for you!
  • 5. Description of scenario How does Keis identity and self-concept affect how she perceives other peoples words and actions towards her? And stop comparing me with jie. These formulas, they dont make any sense to me at all. I dont think my brain is huge enough to store all these weird symbols and numbers.
  • 6. Description of scenario What are the factors Do not let the school affecting Keis down. motivation to learn? Who affects Im sure your Physics her learning the most? teacher in secondary school must have taught you this right? Why do I need toDidnt you study for your know about nuclearPhysics? How could you have physics? I dontfailed your test? even use them in my daily life.
  • 7. Psychosocial development Identity An individuals sense of self, what their existence means, and what they want in life
  • 8. Psychosocial development - Theories1. Erik Erikson Relationships: affect our formation of personal identity 8 stages of development: confronted with a crisis at each stage2. James Marcia Identity crisis (i) identity diffusion (ii) identity foreclosure (iii) identity moratorium (iv) identity achievement
  • 9. Psychosocial development - Analysis How does this apply to Kei?- 5th stage: Identity vs. Role confusion- Identity crisis: Resolved through foreclosure and now suffering consequences Polytechnic Junior College Kei Kei (the individual) (who is like her sister)
  • 10. Psychosocial Development -Solutions Support experimentation- Parents and teacher: talk to Kei about different higher education options and career paths available- School: organise talks and pastoral care sessions to address these issues as well
  • 11. Psychosocial development Self-concept An individuals cognitive assessment of their physical, social and academic competence
  • 12. Psychosocial development - Theories Academic self-concept- Linked to school performance- Strongest correlation between specific academic self-concept and performance in that subject
  • 13. Psychosocial development - Analysis How does this apply to Kei? - Kei perceives herself as being weak in Physics and consequently performs poorly in the subject
  • 14. Psychosocial Development -Solutions Help Kei develop positive Physics academic self- concept- Teacher: Provide concrete help to her, e.g. one-on-one consultation Recognise effort and dont just look at performance Communicate belief in her ability to excel
  • 15. Parenting The Family: Social System A complex set of interacting relationships where bidirectional influences exist
  • 16. Parenting - Theories Factors differentiating effective parenting styles1. Acceptance of the child and involvement in the childs life emotional connection2. Control of the child maturity of child3. Autonomy-granting self-reliance of child
  • 17. Parenting - Theories Child-rearing stylesChild- Acceptance and Control Autonomy Grantingrearing InvolvementstyleAuthoritative Warm, responsive, Makes reasonable demands Permits child to make decisions in patient, sensitive to for maturity, consistently accordance with readiness childs needs enforces and explains them Encourages child to express thoughts, feelings and desires When parent and child disagree, engages in joint decision-making where possibleAuthoritarian Cold, rejecting, Makes many demands Makes decisions for the child frequently degrades coercively, using force and Rarely listens to the childs point child punishment of view Often engages in psychological control, withdrawing love and intruding on the childs individualityPermissive Is warm but Makes few or no demands Permits the child to make many overindulgent or decisions before the child is ready inattentive
  • 18. Parenting - Analysis How does this apply to Kei?- Makes decisions for the child Mother decides Kei should enter a JC- Rarely listens to the childs point of view Father jumps to conclusion and fails to listen
  • 19. Parenting - Theories Coregulation A form of supervision in which parents exercise general oversight while letting children take charge of moment-by-moment decision- making Consistent parental monitoring Cooperative relationship Adolescent willingly discloses information
  • 20. Parenting - Analysis How does this apply to Kei?- Lack of coregulation - Father is only concerned with results - Parents have no concrete strategies to guide Kei - Kei only voices concern upon prompting by her father
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