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  • ,....

    Tow\ards Sustainable Developmentof tHe Coastal Resourcesof Llngayen Gulf, Philippines

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  • Towards Sustainable Development of the Coastal Resources

    of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines

  • k/ ?'wards Sustainable Development

    of the Coastal Resources of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines

    Proceedings of an ASEANIUS Coastal Resources Management Project Workshop

    Bauang, La Union, Philippines 25-27 May 1988

    Edited by Geronimo p e s t r e , Evangeline Miclat

    ahd Chua Thia-Eng

    Association of Southeast Asian NationsAJnited Sbtes Coastal Resources Management Project

    Conference Proceedings I

  • Towards Sustainable Development of the Coastal Resources of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines

    Proceedings of an A S E M S Coastal Resources Managanent Project Workshop Bauang, La Union. Philippines 25-27 May 1988

    EDITED BY GERONIMO SILVESTRE EVANGELINE MICLAT AND CHUA THIA-ENG

    Published by the: Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Develogment

    International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian NatiwsNnited States Coastal Resources Management Project

    Printed in Manila. Philippines.

    Silvestre, G.. E. Miclat and T.-E. Chua, editors. 1989. Towards ~ustainable development of the coastal resources of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 17,200 p. Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development, Los Baiios. Laguna, and International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Makati, Mvletro Manila, Philippines.

    Cover: An iUustration of a coastal zonation scheme for Lingayen Gulf, Philippines, where major sustainable emnanic activities are enwuraged (anwork by Aque).

    ISSN 01 15-4435 ISBN 971-1022-45-1

    ICLNZM Contribution No. 515

  • Annex III

    List of Participants

    Ms. Juliet Abunyawan Research Assistant Centre for the Development of Human Resources in Rural Asia

    2230 N m a St., United Paraiiaque I Subd. Patafiaque, Metro Manila

    Dir. Joseph Alabanza Director NEDA Region I Don Pedro Bldg., Pagdaraoan San Fernando, La Union

    Mr. Carlito Aiionuevo Study Leader Coastal Resources Management Project CSWCD, UP Diliman. Quezon City

    Ms. Victoria Baflez Marketing Analyst Provincial Development Staff Lingayen, Pangasinan

    Arch. Edwin Barcia Chief Community Development Division Office of Product Rcsearch and Development Department of Tourism Bldg. T.M. Kalaw St., Ermita, Manila

    Dr. Porfirio Basilio Dean College of Fisheries Pangasinan State University Binmaley, Pangasinan

    Dr. Viriginia Apricto Mr. Ernesto Baskinas Program Leader Trainor for Pastoral Workers Coastal Resources Management Project Diocese of Alaminos PCAMRD, Los Baiios, Laguna Pangasinan

    Mr. Nygiel Armada Atty. Ramon Binamira Project Leader General Manager Coastal Resources Management Project College of Fisheries Philippine Tourism Authority

    UP in the Visayas Department of Tourism Bldg.

    Miag-ao, Iloilo T.M. Kalaw St., Ermita, Manila

    Dean Remedios Baga College of Fisheries Don Mariano Marcos Memorial

    State University Balaoan, La Union

    Ms. Agnes Cargamento Senior Economic Developmcnl Specialist NEDA Region I Don Pedro Bldg., Pagdaraoan San Fernando, La Union

  • 198 Mr. Leon Dacanay, Jr. (Observer) Officer-in-Chargc INERA Division NEDA Region I Tan Yao Bldg., Pagdaraoan San Fernando, La Union

    Mr. Ernesto Datuin (Observer) Chicf and Economic Division Specialist NEDA Region I Don Pedro Bldg., Pagdaraoan San Fcmando, La Union

    Mr. Elmer Ferrer Project Leader Coasfal Resources Managcment Projcct CSWCD, UP Diliman, Quezon City

    Mr. Roberto Ferrer Provincial Board Member and Secretary-General

    Office of the Provincial Planning and Development Council

    Capitol. Lingaycn, Pangasinan

    Ms. Florence Gacad (Observer) Chief Economic Dcvelopment Spccialist Social Development Division NEDA Region I Tan Yao Bldg., Pagdaraoan San Fernando, La Union

    Ms. Susan Barbosa-Gaffud Assistant Mariculturist I1 Sea Farming Reswrch and Development Center

    Bonuan-Binloc, Dagupan City

    Mr. Roberto Galvcz Senior Research Assistant Coastal Resources Management Project CSWCD, UP Diliman, Quezon City

    Dr. Edgardo Gomez Director MSI, UP Diliman, Quezon City

    Ms. Flordeliz G uarin Project Specialist Coastal Resourccs Management Project ICLARM Bloomingdale Bldg., Salcedo St. Legaspi Village, Makati, Metro Manila

    Dr. Rafael Gucrrero 111 Executive Director PCAMRD Los Bafios, Laguna

    Mr. Joe de Guzman Penguin Agro Marine, Inc. 30 1 Mc Arthur Highway Tapuac, Dagupan City

    Mr. Alfredo Jacang Chicf Fishery Section Department of Agriculture-Region I Pangasinan

    Ms. Tercsita Lana (Observer) Senior Economic Development Specialist NEDA Rcgion I San Fernando, La Union

    Ms. Rizalina Legasto Study Lcadcr Coastal Resourccs Management Project BFAR Marcelo Bldg., Quezon Ave., Quezon City

    Mr. Jaime Lucas Provincial Director Department of Tradc and Induslry Pangasinan Provincial Officc Pua Bldg., Rizal St., Dagupan City

    Ms. Mary Ann Leah Maaliw Senior Rescarch Assistant Coastal Resourccs Management Project MSI, UP Diliman, Quezon City

    Dr. Liana McManus Project Leader Coastal Resources Management Project MSI, UP Diliman, Quczon City

  • Contents

    List of Acronyms vii

    Foreword ix

    Preface xi

    Introduction xiii

    Acknowledgements xvi

    Session 1: Coastal Resources Utilization Preliminary R e s u l ~ of a Study of the Municipal Fisheries in Lingayen Gulf. A. Calud, G. Rodriguez, R. Aruelo, G. Aguilar, E. Cinco, N. Armada and G. Silvestre 3 Preliminary Results of a Study of the Commercial Trawl Fisheries in Lingaycn Gulf. D. Ochavillo, H. Hernandez, S. Resrna and G. Silvestre 31 Sociocultural Dynamics of Blast Fishing and Sodium Cyanide Fishing in Two Fishing Villages in the Lingayen Gulf Arca. R. Galvez, T.G. Hingco, C. Bautisra and M.T. Tungpalan 43 Status of Coralline Resources in Lingayen Gulf. L. McManus and L.A. Meiiez 63 Patterns and Levels of Aquaculturc Practices in the Coastal Municipalities Adjoining Lingayen Gulf. A. Palma 71 Prclirninaq Results of a Water Quality Baseline Study of Lingayen Gulf. M.A.L. Mualiw, N. Bermm, R. Mercado and F. Guarin 83 Land Use Patterns and Physical Characteristics of the Provinces and Municipalities Bordering Lingayen Gulf. J. Alabanza, 1;. Quitos and A. Cargumento 93

    Session 2: Habitat RestoratiodEnhancement and Alternative Livelihood Artificial Reefs: a Fisheries Management Tool for Lingayen Gulf. R. Miclat and E. Miclat 109 The Marine Conservation and Development Program of Silliman University as an Example for Lingayen Gulf. A. White 119 Mariculture as an Alternative Source of Livelihood for Sustenance Fishermen in Lingayen Gulf. A. Palma, R. Legasto and J. Paw 125 Mariculture Potential of Giant Clams and Sca Urchins in the Lingayen Gulf Area. M. J. Trinidad-Roa 133

  • Session 3: Socioeconomic, Cultural and Legal/Institutional Framework The Economics of Municipal Fisheries: the Case of Lingayen Gulf. C. Aiionuevo 141 Prospects for Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries in the Lingayen Gulf Area. E. Ferrer 157 Overview of the Development Targets and Concerns for the Province of Pangasinan (1987-1992). Ilocos Regional Development Council-National Economic Development Authority (Region 1) 163 Overview of the Development Plan for the Province of La Union (1987-1992). Ilocos Regional Development Council-National Economic Development Authority (Region I) 167

    Working Group Reports on Issues and Recommendations Group I: Resources Management Issues 180 Group XI: Sociocconomic and Cultural Issues in Relation to Alternative Management Oplions and Solutions 181 Group 111: Legal and Inslilutional Arrangements for CRM Implcmcnlation 181 Group IV: CRM Planning 186

    Summary of Plenary Session Discussions 189

    Annexes I. Program of Activities 191 11. Opening and Closing Rcmarks 193 111. List of Participants 197

  • List of Acronyms

    ARDP ASEAN-US CRMP

    BFAR COSAC CPUE CRM CVRP DA DECS DENR DOST EPA FAD FA0 FIB A GT hp I AD ICLARM IRDC JOCV LO1 MCDP MHS NEDA NGOs NPCC PAGASA

    PC PCG PCAMRD

    PD PPt RDC

    Artificial Reef Development Project Association of Southea~t Asian Nations-United States Coastal Resources Management Project Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resourccs Constabulary Offshore Anti-Crime Unit Catch per unit effort Coastal Resourccs Management Central Visayas Rural Project Depmmenl of Agriculture Department of Education, Culture and Sports Dcparunent of Environment and Natural Resources Department of Science and Technology Environmental Protection Agcncy Fish aggregating device Food and Agriculture Organization Fiber Industry Development Authority Gross ton(s) Horsepower Integrated Area Development International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management Ilocos Regional Development Council Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers Letter of Instruction Marine Conservation and Development Program Ministry of Human Settlements National Economic Development Authority Nongovernmental organizations National Pollution Control Commission Philippine Astronomical, Geophysical and Atmospheric Sciences Administration Philippine Constabulary Philippine Coast Guard Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development Presidential Decree Parts per thousand Regional Develypment Council

    vii

  • TURF UP UP-CSWCD UPV US AID US AID-CRSP

    Territorial use rights in fishcrics Universily of the Philippines UP-College of Social Work and Community Developmen1 UP in the Visayas Unitcd States Agency for Inlernational Developmcnt US AID-Collab