pronouncing –s endings and past tense endings

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    PRONOUNCING S ENDINGS

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    WE USE S (OR ES) IN FOURDIFFERENT WAYS:

    In plural nouns: Why have you got threephoneson your desk?

    In verbs: Shephoneshim every day.

    In possessives: Have you gotMariasphonenumber?In contractions of is and has: Thephonesringing. Thefilm sstarted.

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    When we add an s (or es) to a word, the number ofsyllables in the word sometimes stays the same.

    day-days But sometimes we add an extra syllable to thepronunciation

    match matches

    The rule is that we add an extra syllable if the lastsound in the word is one of these: [s, z, , , t, d]

    If the last sound is a vowel, or any other consonant,the number of syllables stays the same.

    NB! We dont contractisorhasafter [s, z, , , t, d]

    The foods good. The service is good.

    The games started. The match has started.

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    IT CAN BE PRONOUNCED IN THREEDIFFERENT WAYS:

    /s/ if the preceding sound is voiceless./z/ if the preceding sound is voiced./iz/ nouns ending in [s], [z], [ ], [t],[d] form the

    plural by adding es which is pronounced [iz].class classes

    bush- bushes

    garage- garages

    bridge- bridgesbench- benches

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    /S/ PRONUNCIATION

    When the word to which we add -(e)s/s ends in

    one of the following voiceless consonants sounds,[p, t, k, f, ], they are pronounced [-s].

    E.g.

    stop - stops [stps]

    paint - paints [pent s]

    cake - cakes [keks ]

    laugh - laughs [lfs ]

    myth - myths [ms] Beth Beths [bes]Pete Petes [pi:ts]

    Philip Philips [ 'flps ]

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    [-Z ] PRONUNCIATION

    When the word to which we are adding -(e)s/s endsin one of the voiced consonants sounds, [b, d, g, v,, m, n, , l, r] or any of the vowel sounds, they

    are pronounced [-z ]. Examples:bed - beds [bedz]

    dog - dogs [ dgz ]

    save - saves [seivz]

    bathe - bathes [bez ]feel - feels[[filz]

    sing - sings [s z]

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    [-IZ] PRONUNCIATION

    When the word to which we add -(e)s/s ends inone of the following sounds, [s, z,,, t, d ](sibilant sounds), they are pronounced [-iz].Examples:

    house - houses['hazz ]

    rose roses/ Roses ['rozz ]

    wash - washes [w iz ]

    watch - watches [w tiz ]Orange [rnd]

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    PRONOUNCING PAST TENSEENDINGS

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    HOWDOWEPRONOUNCETHE

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    HOW DO WE PRONOUNCE THE

    -ED?

    In 3 ways

    /Id/

    /t/

    /d/

    http://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/-ed_id.wavhttp://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/-ed_t.wavhttp://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/-ed_d.wavhttp://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/-ed_d.wavhttp://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/-ed_t.wavhttp://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/-ed_id.wav
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    EXCEPTIONS!!!

    The following -ed words usedas adjectivesarepronounced with /Id/:

    aged, blessed, crooked, dogged, learned, naked,ragged, wicked, wretched

    So we say:

    an aged man /Id/

    a blessed nuisance /Id/

    a dogged persistence /Id/a learned professor - the professor, who was trulylearned /Id/

    a wretched beggar - the beggar was wretched /Id/

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    BUT

    But when used as real verbs (past simple andpast participle), the normal rules apply and wesay:

    he aged quickly /d/

    he blessed me /t/

    they dogged him /d/

    he has learned well /d/ or /t/

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    WRITE THE PHONETIC SYMBOL FOREACH

    -ED VERB ENDINGstarted, needed, reached, regarded, decided, locked,realized,permitted, discovered, painted,examined, closed, renovated, looked, glanced

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    LETS TRY TO READ THIS!

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