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<p>European Biogas workshop and study tour</p> <p>The Future of Biogas in Europe III14th -16th of June 2007University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9, 6700 Esbjerg</p> <p>Esbjerg - Denmark</p> <p>PROCEEDINGS</p> <p>The workshop is co-financed by the European Commission through the PROBIOGAS project (EIE/04/117/S07.38588)</p> <p>Project co-ordinator: University of Southern Denmark Bioenergy Department Esbjerg, Denmark</p> <p>1</p> <p>ColophonEuropean Biogas Workshop The Future of Biogas in Europe III</p> <p>Organised by University of Southern Denmark, Department of Bioenergy Editing M.Sc. Teodorita Al Seadi University of Southern Denmark, Department of Bioenergy Proof reading and layout Stud. cand. mag. Catrineda Al Seadi, stud. M.Sc. Eng. Sebastian Buch Antonsen, stud. M.Sc. Eng. Sidsel Nrrelykke Steffensen, M.Sc. Eng. Piotr Oleskowicz-Popiel, M.Sc. Kurt Hjort-Gregersen, M.Sc. Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen, and stud. M.Sc. Eng. Michael Madsen, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Bioenergy Cover made by Stud. M.Sc. Eng. Sebastian Buch Antonsen and stud. M.Sc. Eng. Sidsel Nrrelykke Steffensen, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Bioenergy All rights reserved. No part of this report may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the copyright holder and the publisher. The editor does not guarantee the correctness and/or the completeness of the information and the data included or described in this report. Date for completion of this report: the 27th of June 2007</p> <p>AcknowledgementsThis report was made as part of the activities of the PROBIOGAS project, co-financed by the EC, the Intelligent Energy Europe Agency. All the partners involved in this project as well as the speakers have our warmest gratitude for their contribution. We would also like to pay a special tribute to the team of workshop organizers, among these Kurt Hjort-Gregersen, Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen, Michael Madsen, Piotr Oleskowicz-Popiel, Catrineda Al Seadi, Sebastian Antonsen and Sidsel Nrrelykke Steffensen, who have worked hard with all the preparations in top of their daily workload. Thank you all for a great team work. Teodorita Al Seadi, Editor and Coordinator of the PROBIOGAS project.</p> <p>2</p> <p>WORKSHOP PROGRAMMEThursday, 14 June 2007: 12:00-13:00 Registration and quick lunch</p> <p>Biogas from anaerobic digestion in a European perspective 13:00-13:10 Welcome and opening address By Teodorita Al Seadi - PROBIOGAS coordinator University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark Biogas, an important player within the European renewable energy strategy Outlook for European and Danish policy framework for biogas and bioenergy By Kim Mortensen, member of the Danish Parliament</p> <p>13:10-13:30</p> <p>Implementing biogas from centralised co-digestion in Europe: Assessment results from the PROBIOGAS project 13:30-13:50 If you cant find a way, make a way- The concept and objectives of PROBIOGAS By Teodorita Al Seadi, University of Southern Denmark, Bioenergy Department, Esbjerg, Denmark Economic effects, barriers, and incentives of biogas from centralised co-digestion By Kurt Hjort-Gregersen, University of Copenhagen, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, Copenhagen, Denmark Environmental externalities of centralised co-digestion By Sven G. Sommer, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Horsens, Denmark Socio-economic aspects of centralised co-digestion By Lars Henrik Nielsen, Risoe National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark Coffee break</p> <p>13:50-14:20</p> <p>14:20-14:50 14:50-15:20 15:20-15:50</p> <p>Biogas in Europe: Best-practice examples of non-technical barriers break down 15:50 -16:20 The impact of national policies and economic frames for the development of biogas in Germany By Gepa Porsche and Claudius da Costa Gomes, German Biogas Association, Freising, Germany Efficiency of energy crop digestion - evaluation of 41 full scale plants in Austria By Rudolf Braun, Institut fr Umweltbiotechnologie, Interuniversitres Department fr Agrarbiotechnologie - IFA Tulln Universtt fr Bodenkultur Tulln, Austria Biogas upgrading and utilisation as vehicle fuel By Margareta Persson, Swedish Gas Center, Malm, Sweden AD on the move United Kingdom 2007 By Clare Lukehurst, United Kingdom A farmers experience as a member of a centralized co-digestion plant By Henrik Heg, Danish Biogas Association Panel discussions Workshop Dinner</p> <p>16:20 -16:50</p> <p>16:50 -17:20 17:20-17:50 17:50-18:15 18:15-18:45 19:15 -</p> <p>3</p> <p>Friday, 15 June 2007: Biogas in Europe: Technologies, trends, visions 09:00- 09:30 Innovative AD technologies for solving the farmers problem of excess manure. Example and results from the Pig-man project in Denmark By Rena Angelidaki, Technical University of Denmark, Inst. of Environment and Resources, Lyngby, Denmark Current state and new biogas initiatives in Bulgaria By Ivan Simeonov, Institute of Microbiology-Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria Veterinary safety in relation to handling of manure and animal by products and the use of biogas technologies By Dorthe L. Baggesen, Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark Coffee break Digested manure is a valuable fertiliser By Torkild Birkmose, Danish Agricultural Advisory Service, Skejby / Aarhus N, Denmark Further technical development and economic sustainability of co-digestion By Johannes Christensen, University of Copenhagen, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, Copenhagen, Denmark The future of biogas in Europe: Visions and targets until 2020 By Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen Centre of Ind. Biotechnology and Bioenergy Aalborg University &amp; University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark Lunch</p> <p>09:30 -10:00</p> <p>10:00 - 10:30</p> <p>10:30-11:00 11:00- 11:30</p> <p>11:30-12:00</p> <p>12:00 -12:30</p> <p>12:30-14:00</p> <p>Incentives vs. barriers and how to move further: Outcomes of the PROBIOGAS case study assessments 14:00-14:30 14:30-15:00 Future for large scale digestion in the Netherlands? By Bert Van Asselt, SenterNovem, Utrecht, the Netherlands Analysis of the needs and opportunities for the setting up of a centralised co-digestion plant in the grazing area of the Province of Lige By Fabienne Rabier &amp; Galle Warnant, Agric. Research Centre, Agric. Eng. Dep. &amp; ValBiom asbl, Chausse de Namur, Belgium Overview of centralised biogas plants projects in France. Will the new economic incentives By Christian Couturier, Association SOLAGRO, Toulouse, France Coffee break Achieving environmental and agricultural benefits from centralised co-digestion in Ireland By Vicky Heslop, Methanogen Ltd., Tooracuragh, Ireland Barriers and incentives of centralised co-digestion in Spain. Case study of Pla dUrgell, Catalonia By Joan Mata-lvarez, University of Barcelone, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Barcelona, Spain</p> <p>15:00-15:30</p> <p>15:30-16:00 16:00-16:30</p> <p>16:30-17:00</p> <p>4</p> <p>17:00-17:30</p> <p>Biogas in Greece: Current situation and perspectives By Christos Zafiris, Center for Renewable Energy Sources, Pikermi, Greece</p> <p>17:30 18:00 Panel discussions 18:00 -18:15 18:15 Closing address Teodorita Al Seadi, SDU-Denmark End of the workshop and the afternoon at your disposition</p> <p>Saturday, 16 June 2007: Guided study tour to biogas sites in Jutland, Denmark 8:30 8:30-10:30 10:30-11:45 11:45-13:30 13:30-14:30 14: 30- 16:00 Departure by bus from SDU, Esbjerg Bus travel and guided tour to Blaabjerg centralised co-digestion plant, in the southwestern part of Jutland Bus travel and guided tour to Hegndal farm scale biogas plant and post-separation facilities, in the south-western part of Jutland Bus travel and lunch in Filskov town, situated in the central part of Jutland Guided tour to Filskov Energy Company Bus travel to Esbjerg</p> <p>NB: Driving back to Esbjerg we will stop at Billund Airport, around 14: 45 and at Esbjerg Airport, around 15:45 16:00 Back to SDU, Esbjerg</p> <p>5</p> <p>ContentsWorkshop programme Proceedings Welcome and opening address By Teodorita Al Seadi - PROBIOGAS coordinator, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark If you cant find a way, make a way- The concept and objectives of PROBIOGAS By Teodorita Al Seadi, University of Southern Denmark, Bioenergy Department, Esbjerg, Denmark Economic effects, barriers, and incentives of biogas from centralised co-digestion By Kurt Hjort-Gregersen, University of Copenhagen, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, Copenhagen, Denmark Environmental externalities of centralised co-digestion By Sven G. Sommer, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Horsens, Denmark Socio-economic aspects of centralised co-digestion By Lars Henrik Nielsen, Risoe National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark The impact of national policies and economic frames for the development of biogas in Germany By Gepa Porsche and Claudius da Costa Gomes, German Biogas Association, Freising, Germany Efficiency of energy crop digestion - evaluation of 41 full scale plants in Austria By Rudolf Braun, Institut fr Umweltbiotechnologie, Interuniversitres Department fr Agrarbiotechnologie - IFA Tulln Universtt fr Bodenkultur Tulln, Austria Biogas upgrading and utilisation as vehicle fuel By Margareta Persson, Swedish Gas Center, Malm, Sweden AD on the move United Kingdom 2007 By Clare Lukehurst, United Kingdom Innovative AD technologies for solving the farmers problem of excess manure. Example and results from the Pig-man project in Denmark By Rena Angelidaki, Technical University of Denmark, Inst. of Environment and Resources, Lyngby, Denmark Current state and new biogas initiatives in Bulgaria By Ivan Simeonov, Institute of Microbiology-Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria 8 3</p> <p>9</p> <p>20</p> <p>31</p> <p>37</p> <p>44</p> <p>51</p> <p>59 65</p> <p>72</p> <p>78</p> <p>6</p> <p>Veterinary safety in relation to handling of manure and animal by products and the use of biogas technologies By Dorthe L. Baggesen, Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark Digested manure is a valuable fertilizer By Torkild Birkmose, Danish Agricultural Advisory Service, Skejby/ Aarhus N, Denmark Further technical development and economic sustainability of co-digestion By Johannes Christensen, University of Copenhagen, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, Copenhagen, Denmark The future of biogas in Europe: Visions and targets until 2020 By Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen Centre of Ind. Biotechnology and Bioenergy Aalborg University &amp; University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark The Dutch case stimulating co-digestion in the Netherlands By Bert Van Asselt, SenterNovem, Utrecht, the Netherlands Analysis of the needs and opportunities for the setting up of a centralised co-digestion plant in the grazing area of the Province of Lige By Fabienne Rabier &amp; Galle Warnant, Agric. Research Centre, Agric. Eng. Dep. &amp; ValBiom asbl, Chausse de Namur, Belgium Overview of centralised biogas plants projects in France. Will the new economic incentives overcome the non technical barriers? By Christian Couturier, Association SOLAGRO, Toulouse, France Achieving environmental and agricultural benefits from centralised co-digestion in Ireland By Vicky Heslop, Methanogen Ltd., Tooracuragh, Ireland Barriers and incentives of centralised co-digestion in Spain. Case study of Pla dUrgell, Catalonia By Joan Mata-lvarez, University of Barcelona, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Barcelona, Spain Biogas in Greece: Current situation and perspectives By Christos Zafiris, Center for Renewable Energy Sources, Pikermi, Greece Alphabetical list of participants</p> <p>85</p> <p>89</p> <p>95</p> <p>101</p> <p>109</p> <p>113</p> <p>123</p> <p>128</p> <p>137</p> <p>143</p> <p>150</p> <p>7</p> <p>Opening addressBy Teodorita Al Seadi- PROBIOGAS coordinator University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark Ladies and gentlemen, dear colleagues and friends, on behalf of the organisers of the European Biogas WorkshopThe Future of Biogas in Europe III, I wish you all a warm welcome. As the title reveals, this is the third in a series of European workshops organised by the University of Southern Denmark, in collaboration with partners from all over Europe. The workshop is co-financed by the European Commission, the Intelligent Energy Europe Agency through the PROBIOGAS project. For this reason a part of the workshop sessions is dedicated to communicating the results of this project. Large scale development of sustainable systems for production of renewable energy, to replace the fossil fuels, is one of the greatest challenges of our time, in the battle of preventing further environmental deterioration and climate change, which we have no other choice but to win. Renewable energy can be produced from a variety of renewable sources and by a multitude of concepts and technologies. It is up to us today to integrate, further optimise and adapt them to local conditions, resources and necessities. The summit of the G8 countries, recently taking place in Germany, ended with the conclusion that the CO2 emissions must be reduced by 50% by year 2050, but no mandatory agreements were made in this direction. The new chance for it will occur in 2009, when the climate summit in Copenhagen hopefully will bring along the long expected agreements. The more aware the large public becomes, the higher their expectations are for the politicians to take proper action. It is therefore important that scientists make their knowledge public and accessible to the large public. There is no doubt that biomass, in its many forms, is one of the most important renewable resources of our planet. A resource that contains clean solar energy, captured throughout the ingenious process of photosynthesis. The accomplishment of the goals of the Kyoto protocol and the EU strategy for increasing the share of renewable energy in the total energy consumption, give biogas from co-digestion of animal manure and digestible bio-wastes an important role, as one of the key technologies within the large family of biomass based energy. Biogas is a source of renewable energy and vehicle fuel, providing benefits for the environment, the farmers and the society as a whole. It improves nutrient management and veterinary safety and it is a cheap tool in controlling greenhouse gas emissions. The aim of the workshop is to provide an up-date of the existing knowledge, know how and expertise in the area of biogas from anaerobic digestion, to show successful examples of barriers breakdown and to look upon further strategies for the development of biogas technologies in Europe. I wish you all an inspiring and fruitful workshop and an enjoyable stay in Esbjerg.</p> <p>8</p> <p>If you cant find a way, make a way- The concept and objectives of PROBIOGASBy 1) T. Al Seadi, 2) K. Hjort-Gregersen, J. Christensen, H.B. Moller , S.G. Sommer 3), T. S. Birkmose 4), L.H. Nielsen 5), B. v Asselt 6), F. Rabier, G. Warnant 7), C. Couturier 8), J.M. Alvarez 9), C. Zafiris 10), V. Heslop 11) 1: University of Southern Denmark, 2: Institute of Food and Ressource Economics, University of Copenhagen, 3: Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, rhus University, 4: Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre, 5:...</p>

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