Primitive Accumulation

Download Primitive Accumulation

Post on 28-Dec-2015

77 views

Category:

Documents

6 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

abc

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>109</p><p>* **</p><p>: , , , , </p><p> 16 2555; 20 2555</p><p>* Reading Marx Nancy Fraser Cinzia Arruzza New School University 2554 ** New School University </p><p> 8 1 (..-.. 2555) 109-137.</p></li><li><p>110</p><p>The Critiques of Primitive Accumulation </p><p>Puangchon Unchanam</p><p>Abstract</p><p> This essay is aimed to examine Marxs notion of primi-</p><p>tive accumulation in Capital Vol I. Also, this essay is intended to </p><p>explore criticism of that notion from contemporary scholars like </p><p>David Harvey and Nancy Hartsock who reconstruct Marxs primi-</p><p>tive accumulation and propose the concept of accumulation by </p><p>dispossession and the feminization of primitive accumulation </p><p>respectively. In the end of this essay, I would like to propose an </p><p>alternative concept, accumulation by provision of public goods, </p><p>which is aimed to apply Marxs primitive accumulation to the </p><p>analysis of modern states in the contemporary context of global </p><p>capitalism.</p><p>Keywords: primitive accumulation, Karl Marx, Capital, Capital-</p><p>ism, violence</p></li><li><p>111</p><p> (Capital Vol I) (Karl Marx) </p><p> 1 (capi-tal) (surplus-value) </p><p> (the secret of primitive accumulation) (Adam Smith) </p><p>1 What I have to examine in this work is the capitalist mode of production and the relation of production and form of intercourse that corresponds to it. Karl Marx, Capital Volume I (New York: Penguin Groups, 1976), 90.</p></li><li><p>112</p><p>2 3 4 </p><p>5 </p><p>2 [Primitive accumulation is] written in the annals of mankind in the letter of blood and fire. Karl Marx, Capital Volume I, 875.3 Ibid.,, 8744 Ibid., 876.5 Ibid., 885.</p></li><li><p>113</p><p>6 Karl Marx, Capital Volume I, 931.7 David Harvey, A Companion to Marxs Capital (New York: Verso, 2010), 292-293.</p><p> 6 </p><p>7 </p></li><li><p>114</p><p>8 </p><p> 9 (David Harvey) </p><p> (Nancy Hartsock) </p><p>8 Karl Marx, Capital Volume I, 876.9 </p></li><li><p>115</p><p>10 [while money] comes into the world with a congenital blood-stain on one cheek, capital comes dripping from head to toe, from every pore, with blood and dirt. Karl Marx, Capital Volume I., 925-926.</p><p> 1. (What is primitive accumulation?) 10 </p></li><li><p>116</p><p> 11 </p><p> 12 (a systematic thief) 13 </p><p>11 Karl Marx, Capital Volume I., 875.12 [primitive accumulation is] nothing else than the historical process of divorcing the producer from the means of production. Karl Marx, Capital Volume I., 875.13 Ibid., 910.</p></li><li><p>117</p><p> (force and power) 14 </p><p> 15 </p><p> 16 (bloody laws) </p><p>17</p><p>14 Ibid., 899.15 Karl Marx, Capital Volume I, 922.16 Ibid., 900.17 Ibid., 896, 909.</p></li><li><p>118</p><p> 18 19 (the dawn of the era of capitalist production) </p><p>20</p><p> 2. (Accumulation by Dispossession) </p><p> 21 18 Ibid., 915.19 Ibid., 918.20 Ibid., 915, 938.21 David Harvey, A Companion to Marxs Capital, 305.</p></li><li><p>119</p><p>22 Ibid, 304.23 David Harvey, A Companion to Marxs Capital, 305.24 David Harvey, The New Imperialism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), 144.</p><p>22 </p><p>23 </p><p> 24 </p></li><li><p>120</p><p> 25</p><p> (primitive) (original) (accumulation by dispossession) 26</p><p> (the enclosure of the commons) 27 (privatization) </p><p>25 Ibid., 308.26 Ibid., 144.27 David Harvey, A Companion to Marxs Capital, 309 and The New Imperialism, 148.</p></li><li><p>121</p><p>28 David Harvey, The New Imperialism, 158-159.29 Ibid., 146.30 Ibid.31 David Harvey, A Companion to Marxs Capital, 308.</p><p> (public goods) (commodity) 28</p><p> 29 </p><p> 30 </p><p> 31 </p></li><li><p>122</p><p> (neo-liberalism)32 </p><p> 3. (The Feminization of Primitive Accumulation) </p><p> 33 </p><p>34 32 Ibid., 309-310.33 Nancy Hartsock, Globalization and Primitive Accumulation: The Contribution of David Harveys Dialectical Marxism in Noel Castree and Derek Gregory, eds, David Harvey: A Critical Reader (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006), 167.34 Ibid., 170.</p></li><li><p>123</p><p> 35 </p><p>36 </p><p>35 Nancy Hartsock, Globalization and Primitive Accumulation: The Contribution of David Harveys Dialectical Marxism,178.36 Ibid.</p></li><li><p>124</p><p>37 </p><p>38 </p><p> (The feminization of primitive accumulation) </p><p>37 Ibid., 170.38 Ibid.</p></li><li><p>125</p><p>39 Nancy Hartsock, Globalization and Primitive Accumulation: The Contribution of David Harveys Dialectical Marxism, 186.40 Ibid., 187.</p><p>39</p><p> (part-time) (making the workers into not real workers) (feminization) (housewifization) </p><p>40 </p></li><li><p>126</p><p> 4. (Accumulation by Provision of Public Goods) 41 </p><p> 42 </p><p> (raison dtat) </p><p>41 </p><p> original sin Karl Marx, Capital Volume I, 873-87442 Section 3: the State as an Instrument for the exploitation of the oppressed class, in The State and Revolution, Essential Works of Lenin: What is to be done?And Other Writings (New York: Dover Publications, 1987), 277-280. </p></li><li><p>127</p><p> (the enclosure of the commons) </p></li><li><p>128</p><p> (Accumulation by Provi-sion of Public Goods) </p><p> (James Scott ) (Seeing like a State)43 </p><p>43 James C. Scott, Seeing like a State (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998)</p></li><li><p>129</p><p> 44 (development policy) </p><p> 44 Ibid., 2.</p></li><li><p>130</p><p> 45</p><p>46 (infrastructure) </p><p>45 James C. Scott, Seeing like a State, 2.46 James C. Scott, Seeing like a State, 7-8.</p></li><li><p>131</p></li><li><p>132</p><p> : (What has to be done?) </p><p> (anti-capitalist movement) </p></li><li><p>133</p><p>47 David Harvey, The New Imperialism, 170-171.48 David Harvey, The New Imperialism, 178-179.</p><p> 47 </p><p>48</p><p> (feminization) </p><p> (feminized workers) </p></li><li><p>134</p><p> 49 </p><p>49 Nancy Hartsock, Globalization and Primitive Accumulation: The Contribution of David Harveys Dialectical Marxism, 187-188.</p></li><li><p>135</p><p>50 Joanna Walters, Occupy America: protests against Wall Street and inequality hit 70 cities, The Observer, October 11, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/08/ occupy-america-protests-financial-crisis (accessed December 20, 2011) and Derek Thompson, Occupy the World: The 99 Percent Movement Goes Global, The Atlantic, October15, 2011. http://www. theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/10/ occupy-the-world-the-99-percent-movement-goes-global/246757/(accessed December 20, 2011).</p><p> 600 95 82 (Occupy Wall Street) .. 255450 </p></li><li><p>136</p></li><li><p>137</p><p>Hartsock, Nancy. Globalization and Primitive Accumulation: </p><p> The Contribution of David Harveys Dialectical </p><p> Marxism in Noel Castree and Derek Gregory, eds,. </p><p> David Harvey: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell </p><p> Publishing, 2006.</p><p>Harvey, David. The New Imperialism. New York: Oxford Uni </p><p> versity Press, 2003.</p><p> . A Companion to Marxs Capital. New York: Verso, 2010.</p><p>Lenin, V. I., The State and Revolution, Essential Works of </p><p> Lenin: What is to be done?And Other Writings. </p><p> New York: Dover Publications, 1987. </p><p>Marx, Karl. Capital Volume I. New York: Penguin Groups, 1976.</p><p>Scott, James C. Seeing like a State. New Haven: Yale </p><p> University Press, 1998.</p><p>Thompson, Derek. Occupy the World: The 99 Percent </p><p> Movement Goes Global, The Atlantic, October15, 2011. </p><p> http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/10/ </p><p> occupy-the-world-the-99-percent-movement-goes- </p><p> global/246757/ (accessed December 20, 2011).</p><p>Walters, Joanna. Occupy America: protests against Wall Street </p><p> and inequality hit 70 cities, The Observer, October 11, </p><p> 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/</p><p> 2011/oct/08/ occupy-america-protests-financial-crisis </p><p> (accessed December 20, 2011).</p><p> /ColorImageDict &gt; /JPEG2000ColorACSImageDict &gt; /JPEG2000ColorImageDict &gt; /AntiAliasGrayImages false /CropGrayImages true /GrayImageMinResolution 150 /GrayImageMinResolutionPolicy /OK /DownsampleGrayImages true /GrayImageDownsampleType /Bicubic /GrayImageResolution 1200 /GrayImageDepth -1 /GrayImageMinDownsampleDepth 2 /GrayImageDownsampleThreshold 1.50000 /EncodeGrayImages true /GrayImageFilter /DCTEncode /AutoFilterGrayImages true /GrayImageAutoFilterStrategy /JPEG /GrayACSImageDict &gt; /GrayImageDict &gt; /JPEG2000GrayACSImageDict &gt; /JPEG2000GrayImageDict &gt; /AntiAliasMonoImages false /CropMonoImages true /MonoImageMinResolution 1200 /MonoImageMinResolutionPolicy /OK /DownsampleMonoImages true /MonoImageDownsampleType /Bicubic /MonoImageResolution 2400 /MonoImageDepth -1 /MonoImageDownsampleThreshold 1.50000 /EncodeMonoImages true /MonoImageFilter /CCITTFaxEncode /MonoImageDict &gt; /AllowPSXObjects false /CheckCompliance [ /None ] /PDFX1aCheck false /PDFX3Check false /PDFXCompliantPDFOnly false /PDFXNoTrimBoxError true /PDFXTrimBoxToMediaBoxOffset [ 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ] /PDFXSetBleedBoxToMediaBox true /PDFXBleedBoxToTrimBoxOffset [ 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ] /PDFXOutputIntentProfile (None) /PDFXOutputConditionIdentifier () /PDFXOutputCondition () /PDFXRegistryName (http://www.color.org) /PDFXTrapped /Unknown</p><p> /CreateJDFFile false /Description &gt;&gt;&gt; setdistillerparams&gt; setpagedevice</p></li></ul>