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    PREVENTING VENTILATOR- ASSOCIATED EVENTS >>>

    2017 UPDATE

    PREVENTING VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED EVENTS CHANGE PACKAGE

    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to recognize the contributions of the Health Research & Educational Trust (HRET) Hospital

    Innovation and Improvement Network (HIIN) team and Cynosure Health Solutions for

    their work in developing the content of this change package.

    Suggested Citation: Health Research & Educational Trust (2017, February).Ventilator-Associated Events (VAE) Change Package: 2016. Chicago, IL: Health Research & Educational Trust. Accessed at

    http://www.hret-hiin.org/

    Accessible at: http://www.hret-hiin.org/

    Contact: hiin@aha.org

    © 2017 Health Research & Educational Trust. All rights reserved. All materials contained in this publication are available to anyone for download on www.aha.org, www.hret.org or www.hpoe.org for personal, non-commercial use only. No part of this publication may be reproduced and distributed in any form without permission of the publication or in the case of third party materials, the owner of that content, except in the case of brief quotations followed by the above suggested citation. To request permission to reproduce any of these materials, please email hiin@aha.org.

    http://www.hret-hiin.org/ http://www.hret-hiin.org/

  • >>> TABLE OF CONTENTS PART 1: Adverse Event Area (AEA) Definition and Scope 2

    PART 2: Measurement 3

    PART 3: Approaching your AEA 4

    PART 4: Conclusion and Action Planning 20

    PART 5: Appendices 21

    PART 6: References 31

    How to Use this Change Package

    This change package is intended for hospitals participating in the Hospital Innovation and Improvement

    Network (HIIN) project led by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Partnership for

    Patients (PFP); it is meant to be a tool to help you make patient care safer and improve care transitions.

    This change package is a summary of themes from the successful practices of high performing health

    organizations across the country. It was developed through clinical practice sharing, organization site

    visits and subject matter expert contributions. This change package includes a menu of strategies, change

    concepts and specific actionable items that any hospital can choose to implement based on need. Hospitals

    may use it to begin testing for purposes of improving patient quality of life and care. This change package

    is intended to be complementary to literature reviews and other evidence-based tools and resources.

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    of Eligible Acute/CAH/ Children’s Hospital Reporting Data

    88% Weighted Percent Reduction from Baseline

    19% of “Exellent” or ”good” Responses to VAE Education Events

    $1,218,000 TOTAL PROJECT ESTIMATED COST SAVING

    10 states 40% REDUCTION GOAL

    “Chance The Information Will Improve My Effectiveness/Results”

    MEETING THE 58 VAEs PREVENTED

    94%

    WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?

    of Eligible Acute/CAH/ Children’s Hospital Reporting Data

    92% Reduction in VAE Measures

    18% Percent of participants that stated information provided will promote higher quality work

    91%

    WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?

    8 states

    MEETING THE 40% REDUCTION IN PREVENTABLE HARM GOAL

    $5,833,000 TOTAL PROJECT ESTIMATED COST SAVINGS

    278 VAE HARMS PREVENTED

    > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >

    PART 1: AEA DEFINITION AND SCOPE

    Mechanically ventilated patients are at high risk for complications such as ventilator-associated events

    (VAE) including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), peptic ulcer disease (PUD), gastrointestinal

    bleeding, aspiration, venous thromboembolic events (VTE) and problems with secretion management.

    Evidence-based interventions can reduce the risk and incidence of these complications. For example,

    implementation of the ventilator bundle has been shown to reduce VAP.1,2 The VAP prevention bundle

    includes: head-of-bed elevation to 30 to 45 degrees, oral care with chlorhexidine at 0.12 percent,

    peptic ulcer disease prophylaxis, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis and ABCDEF bundle

    elements (i.e., assess, prevent and manage pain — both spontaneous awakening trials and breathing

    trials, choice of analgesia and sedation, delirium assessment, prevention and management, exercise

    and early progressive mobility and family engagement and empowerment).3,4

    Magnitude of the Problem

    Over a quarter million patients in the United States receive mechanical ventilation annually, putting them at

    risk for acute lung injury, including mortality related to pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome,

    among other l

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