presentation skills feb2012
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- 1. Presentation SkillsIsabelle PottingerEffective Learning AdviserEffective Learning Service
- 2. Think about... Why? What? Who? Where? How?
- 3. Giving a Presentation Who are the members of your audience? Clarify your task Be Positive!
- 4. Establish your Aim Decide on central theme Audience will only hear each point once Will remember 3 - 4 points, so Aim must be clear
- 5. Collect Ideas - Academic Web Text books Journals Lecture notes Lecturers and other staff
- 6. Collect Further Ideas Any further ideas? jot them down Props or visual aids you want to use? Lay out ideas in a logical order or a pattern.
- 7. Group under headings that reflect your aim .correspond to a theme or topic will help to sign-post your talk
- 8. Order/ reorder Get headings in a logical order Structure talk: Beginning Middle End Stick to Structure
- 9. Visual reinforcement - Why? Attention grabbing Bold Concise Dedicated Easy to read
- 10. Visual reinforcement - How? Dont clutter Words alone are not very visual Use bullet points Use keywords Stick to the theme Keep visuals simple Do you need each one? What will each one show? Any important ones missing? Ensure visuals are used effectively
- 11. Visual reinforcement - Types? Black/ white board and/ or flip chart? Magnetic or Velcro boards? Samples and/ or models? Slides, film and/ or video? PC with data projector? Overhead transparencies (OHTs) with overhead projector?
- 12. Using OHT/ PowerPoint The sequence of slides should tell a story Use appropriate typesize Use appropriate colour Special effects?
- 13. Using OHT/ PowerPoint Think about how to use the medium to its best advantage Dont talk to the OHT or screen Dont reveal the slide too soon Dont leave the slide still showing once you have moved on to your next point
- 14. Graphics in oral presentations Less time to absorb Simplify bold and clear Say if you will supply paper copy of graphics Think about how graphics fit within your presentation
- 15. Prepare final notes Dont create word-for-word notes Use prompt cards, not sheets Highlight key phrases Keep contact with your audience
- 16. Practice Rehearse Consider timing Consider where props may come in Ask a friend to listen Tape yourself?
- 17. Conclude Concisely Confidently Positively
- 18. And next...
- 19. Clothes You are a young professional-in-training. Dress accordingly. No offensively-sloganed tee-shirts No shorts or ripped jeans No low cut tops on women While there is no need for a suit, let your clothes reflect the effort you have put into preparing your presentation.
- 20. Voice Vary pitch Vary the speed Watch volume Speak clearly Dont try to hide your accent
- 21. Mannerisms Avoid annoying or distracting habits Think about your own mannerisms Review and control Body language Expressions Stance Movement Gestures
- 22. Humour Can backfire doesnt always go down well May actually upset people If you do not feel confident with it, you dont have to try
- 23. Confidence Everyone wants you to succeed Preparation will help You may become more effective as a result of a few nerves
- 24. Question technique Must allow audience questions Try to remain calm Thank/ Acknowledge Rephrase (if appropriate) Answer Check (by body language?)
- 25. Contact Details Isabelle Pottinger Effective Learning Adviser Effective Learning Service Ext: 3062 E-mail: I.Pottinger@hw.ac.uk
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