Presentation On Generations of Computer & Computer Networking

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To view this presentation, first, turn up your volume and second, launch the self-running slide show.1

PESENTED AND EDITED BY

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ASHISH SAHU

CLASS 9 B ROLL - 9NIKHIL KUMAR CLASS 9 B ROLL - 21You are not giving your presentation to have another meeting. You are there to covey meaning.2

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTThank You ...Wewould like to express my special thanks of gratitude to Punam mam as well as our principal sir who gave us the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic GENRATATION OF COMPUTER, which also helped us in doing a lot of Research and we came to know about so many new things. We are really thankful to them.Secondly we would also like to thank our parents and friends who helped us a lot in finalizing this project within the limited time frame.

3To view this presentation, first, turn up your volume and second, launch the self-running slide show.3

INTRODUCING COMPUTERSYSTEMTodays world is an information rich world and it has become a necessity for everyone to know about computers.

A computer is an electronic device which is used to perform variety of operations on the basis of a set of instructions called the programs. It takes the input from the users in the form of data or instruction. On receiving the instructions from the users, the computer processes the data and generates some output and displays it to the users 4

INPUT-USERS ARE NEED TO FEED THE DATA INTO A COMPUTER BY SOME CONVENIENT ACCESS.PROCESSING-THE DATA PROVIDED BY THE USER IS PROCESSED BY THE PROCESSING DEVICE.OUTPUT-THE PROCESSED DATA THAT WE GET AFTER PROCESSING ACCORDINGLY IN A DESIRED MANNER

WORKING PROCESS OF COMPUTERI-P-O CYCLE5

FEATURES AND DRAWBACKS FEATURESHigh speedDiligence VersatilityStorage capabilityAutomation Reduction in paper workReliability

DRAWBACKSNo I-QNo heuristics No feelings or emotions Dependency

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Computer generations. Generation in computer terminology is a change in technology a computer is/was being used. Initially, the generation term was used to distinguish between varying hardware technologies. But nowadays, generation includes both hardware and software, which together make up an entire computer system. There are totally five computer generations known till date. Each generation has been discussed in detail along with their time period, characteristics. We've used approximate dates against each generations which are normally accepted.7

GENERATIONS8

9For more than 20 years, Duarte has developed presentations9

FROM PAST10and propel10

THERE ARE11global causes.11

GENERATIONS OF COMPUTER5

12Along the way weve discovered12

1FIRST-GENERATATION COMPUTER(1946-59)

131five simple rules for creating world-changing presentations.13

The period of first generation was 1946-1959. First generation of computer started with using vacuum tubes as the basic components for memory and circuitry for CPU(Central Processing unit)

Features of first generation computers are-Vacuum tube technology Unreliable Supported Machine language only Very costly Generate lot of heat Slow Input/output device Some computer of this generation were: ENIAC EDVAC UNIVAC IBM-701

First Generation14The first rule is: Treat your audience as king.14

2SECOND-GENERATATION COMPUTER(1959-65)

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The period of second generation was 1959-1965. This generation using the transistor were cheaper, consumed less power, more compact in size, more reliable and faster than the first generation machines made of vacuum tubes. In this gen eration, magnetic cores were used as primary memory and magnetic tape and magnetic disks as secondary storage devices. In this generation assembly language and high level programming language like FORTRAN, COBOL were used

Main features are-Reliable as compared to First generation computers Smaller size as compared to First generation computersGenerate less heat as compared to First generation computersConsumed less electricity as compared to First generation computers

Some computer of this generation were: IBM 1620 IBM 7094 CDC 1604 CDC 3600 UNIVAC 1108

Second generation16

3THIRD-GENERATATION COMPUTER(1965-71)

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The period of third generation was 1965-1971. The third generation of computer is marked by the use of Integrated Circuits (IC's) in place of transistors.A single I.C has many transistors, resistors and capacitors along with the associated circuitry.The I.C was invented by Jack Kilby. This development made computers smaller in size, reliable and efficient. In this generation Remote processing, Time-sharing, Real-time, Multi-programming Operating System were used. High level language (FORTRAN-II TO IV, COBOL, PASCAL PL/1, BASIC, ALGOL-68 etc.) were used during this generation. Main features are-More reliable Smaller size Generate less heat Faster Lesser maintenance Some computer of this generation were: IBM-360 series Honeywell-6000 series PDP(Personal Data Processor) IBM-370/168 TDC-316

Third generation18and you will undoubtedly find favor with the king.18

4FOURTH-GENERATATION COMPUTER(1971-1980)

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The period of Fourth Generation was 1971-1980. The fourth generation of computers is marked by the use of Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) circuits.VLSI circuits having about 5000 transistors and other circuit elements and their associated circuits on a single chip made it possible to have microcomputers of fourth generation. Fourth Generation computers became more powerful, compact, reliable, and affordable. As a result, it gave rise to personal computer (PC) revolution.

Main features are: VLSI technology used Very cheap Portable and reliable Use of PC's Very small size Pipeline processing Some computer of this generation were:

DEC 10 STAR 1000 PDP 11 cRAY-1(Super Computer) CRAY-X-MP(Super Computer)

Fourth generation20

5FIFTH-GENERATATION COMPUTER(1980-BEYOND)

21Theyre there to see you. To be inspired by your message21

The period of Fifth Generation is 1980-beyond. In the fifth generation, the VLSI technology became ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) technology, resulting in the production of microprocessor chips having ten million electronic components. This generation is based on parallel processing hardware and AI (Artificial Intelligence) software. AI is an emerging branch in computer science, which interprets means and method of making computers think like human beings.The main features of Fifth Generation areULSI technology Development of true artificial intelligenceDevelopment of Natural language processingAdvancement in Parallel ProcessingAdvancement in Superconductor technology

Some computer types of this generation are: Desktop , Laptop , NoteBook , UltraBook , ChromeBook

Fifth generation22

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A.I IN HISTORYIN HISTORY IT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE THE TECHNOLOGY OF ARTIFFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

The Civilisation that is said to have A.IEgypt- TalosGreece- CreteLatin-Pygmalion'sGalatea24

CHARACTERISTICSIn Order for something to be considered an Artificial Intelligence there are some characteristics to be noted..

The ability to act intelligently as a human.The ability to behave following general intelligent action.The ability to artificially simulate the human brain.The ability to actively learn and adapt as a human.The ability to process language and symbols.25

A.I. HAVE AND WILL HAVE THINKING POWER AS A HUMAN26and witness the quality of your thought.262727

THANK YOU