present tense verbs

Download Present Tense Verbs

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Learn how to Conjugate Verbs in the Present Tense on Livemocha!

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Problem Speaking? Press and hold downthe CTRL key when speaking. Technical Help For additional help, visit the Group Tutoring Help Page:http://www.livemocha.com/premium_courses/group_tutoring_help Or email[email_address] 2. Present Tense Verbs

  • In this lesson, we will go over:
  • - Spanish verbs
  • - Introduction to regular conjugations
  • - Present tense
  • -3 types of verb endings
  • ar verbs
  • er verbs
  • ir verbs
  • - Rules of conjugating regular verbs
  • ar verbs
  • er verbs
  • ir verbs
  • -Practice!
  • If You Have Questions
  • Click on the Raise Hand button

3. Verb Conjugation Los verbos sonmuy importantes ! They are the action words of every sentence we speak. Just like in English, most Spanish verbs are spoken according toorganized rules . Conjugating a verb is changing it to agree with the appropriate pronouns (I, you, he/she, we, they): I walk, she walks, they walk, etc., becomes yo camino, ella camina, ellos caminan.Some verbs dont follow an organized pattern closely, so they are considered irregular.Irregular verbs require a bit more practice and repetitionthey will be covered more fully in another lesson. This lesson focuses on regular present tense conjugations. There are also other tenses, such as future tense and past tense; well go over those in later lessons. 4. Infinitive Verbs A verb by itself,totally unchanged , is called the infinitive. All verbs in their infinitive form willalwaysend with an ar , an er or ir . -ar verbs Some common -ar verbs in their infinitive form :Learn to be on the lookout for verbs in the infinitivethey are great clues to the context of conversation! to study estudiar to chat conversar to buy comprar to sing cantar to look for buscar to dance bailar English Infinitive Spanish Infinitive to work trabajar to take/to drink tomar to practice practicar to pay pagar to need necesitar to watch mirar English Infinitive Spanish Infinitive 5. A verb by itself,totally unchanged , is called the infinitive. All verbs in their infinitive, basic form willalwaysend with an ar , an er or ir . -er verbs Some common -er verbs in their infinitive form:Learn to be on the lookout for verbs in the infinitivethey are great clues to the context of conversation! Infinitive Verbs to read leer should deber + inf. to understand comprender to believe creer to drink beber to learn aprender English Infinitive Spanish Infinitive 6. A verb by itself,totally unchanged , is called the infinitive. All verbs in their infinitive, basic form willalwaysend with an ar , an er or ir . -ir verbs Some common -ir verbs in their infinitive form: Learn to be on the lookout for verbs in the infinitivethey are great clues to the context of conversation! Infinitive Verbs to describe describir to attend asistir a to live vivir to divide partir to receive recibir to write escribir English Infinitive Spanish Infinitive 7. Thefirst stepto conjugating a verb correctly is to find the verbs stem. You can find the stem by dropping either the ar , er or ir ending from the infinitive of each verb.Heres how: This is the first step. Verb Conjugation to buy compr compr ar to walk camin camin ar to study estudi estudi ar English Infinitive Stem Spanish Infinitive -ar ending to buy comprend comprend er to walk aprend aprend er to study le le er English Infinitive Stem Spanish Infinitive -er ending to live viv viv ir to climb sub sub ir to write escrib escrib ir English Infinitive Stem Spanish Infinitive -ir ending 8. What do you do once youve found the stem?You add the appropriate ending complimentary to the personal pronoun. Heres what the endings are: Once you have the ending put on the stem, you have the conjugated verb!Congratulations! Verb Conjugation y all study estudi is estudi -is vosotros (y all ) we study estudi amos estudi -amos nosotros (we) he/she studies you study estud i a estudi -a l, ella, usted (he, she, you) they (masc., fem.) study you all study estudi an estudi -an ellos, ellas, ustedes (they, you all) you study estudi as estudi -as t (you) I study estudi o estudi -oyo (I) English Conjugation: Spanish Conjugation: Stem: Ending : Pronoun: For-ar Verbs 9. What do you do once youve found the stem?You add the appropriate ending complimentary to the personal pronoun. Heres what the endings are: Once you have the ending put on the stem, you have the conjugated verb!Congratulations! Verb Conjugation y alllearn aprend is aprend - is vosotros (y all ) we learn aprend emos aprend -emos nosotros (we) he/she learns you learn aprend e aprend -e l, ella, usted (he, she, you) they (masc., fem.)learnyou alllearn aprend en aprend -en ellos, ellas, ustedes (they, you all) you learn aprend es aprend -es t (you) I learn aprend o aprend -oyo (I) English Conjugation: Spanish Conjugation: Stem: Ending : Pronoun: For-er Verbs 10. What do you do once youve found the stem?You add the appropriate ending complimentary to the personal pronoun. Heres what the endings are: Once you have the ending put on the stem, you have the conjugated verb!Congratulations! Verb Conjugation y alllive viv s viv - s vosotros (y all ) we live viv imos viv -imos nosotros (we) he/she lives you live viv e viv -e l, ella, usted (he, she, you) they (masc., fem.)liveyou alllive viv en viv -en ellos, ellas, ustedes (they, you all) you live viv es viv -es t (you) I live viv o viv -oyo (I) English Conjugation: Spanish Conjugation : Stem: Ending: Pronoun: For-ir Verbs 11. Practice How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun.I walk you sell we climb they walk -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -as -o -ar verbs ellos ellas ustedes vosotros nosotros lellausted t yo they(masc., fem) you all y all we hesheyou(formal) you I to walk to sell to climb caminar vender subir English Inifinitive: Spanish Inifinitive: 12. How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun.I walk you sell we climb they walk Practice -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -as -o -ar verbs ellos ellas ustedes vosotros nosotros lellausted t yo they(masc., fem) you all y all we hesheyou(formal) you I to walk to sell to climb caminar vender subir English Inifinitive: Spanish Inifinitive: 13. How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun.I walk yo camino you sell we climb they walk Practice -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -as -o -ar verbs ellos ellas ustedes vosotros nosotros lellausted t yo they(masc., fem) you all y all we hesheyou(formal) you I to walk to sell to climb caminar vender subir English Inifinitive: Spanish Inifinitive: 14. How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun. I walk yo camino you sell we climb they walk Practice -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -as -o -ar verbs ellos ellas ustedes vosotros nosotros lellausted t yo they(masc., fem) you all y all we hesheyou(formal) you I to walk to sell to climb caminar vender subir English Inifinitive: Spanish Inifinitive: 15. How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun. I walk yo camino you sell t vendes we climb they walk Practice -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -as -o -ar verbs ellos ellas ustedes vosotros nosotros lellausted t yo they(masc., fem) you all y all we hesheyou(formal) you I to walk to sell to climb caminar vender subir English Inifinitive: Spanish Inifinitive: 16. How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun. I walk yo camino you sell t vendes we climb they walk Practice -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -as -o -ar verbs ellos ellas ustedes vosotros nosotros lellausted t yo they(masc., fem) you all y all we hesheyou(formal) you I to walk to sell to climb caminar vender subir English Inifinitive: Spanish Inifinitive: 17. How do you say the highlighted phrase in Spanish? Quick endings reference: Take infinitive, drop the ending, replace with matching pronoun. I walk yo camino you sell t vendes we climb nosotros subimos they walk Practice -en -s -imos -e -es -o -irverbs -en -is -emos -e -es -o -er verbs -an -is -amos -a -a