Present perfect simple & continuous

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1. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS Alessia Greppi Deanna Discacciati Anna Laura Monaci 2. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Good morning! Today Im going to tell you something about the Present Perfect Simple... 3. WHEN DO YOU HAVE TO USE IT? this tense is used to speak about actions begun in the past, but that have consequences on the present 4. HOW DO YOU FORM IT ? SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE Ex. I have broken my leg This thing happened in the past, but I still have a broken leg now 5. NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE FORM NEGATIVE ONE: subject + have/has not + past participle ex. I have not (havent) done my homework yet INTERROGATIVE ONE: have/has + subject + past participle ex. Have you done your homework yet? 6. FOR AND SINCE We use them to speak about the moment when an action, that has lasted some time, began FOR how much time SINCE when Ex. For We have lived in this house since 2002 Ex. Since I have studied French for many years 7. JUST, ALREADY, STILL AND YET we use them to say an action has finished not much time ago, or it is going on even now, or it has ended before we thought 8. JUST AND ALREADY You can use them in positive and interrogative sentences ex. Sally has just left university Sally ha appena lasciato luniversit This action has ended recently, and now Sally is a graduate (consequence on the present) ex. Have you already eaten? Avete gi mangiato? We use already when we want to underline the surprise about an action. In this case I thought youd have dinner later, so Im surprised. 9. STILL AND YET ex. I still havent found my keys Non ho ancora trovato le mie chiavi I havent asked him yet Non glielho ancora chiesto you can use them in negative and interrogative sentences YET must be in the end of the sentence STILL must be before havent or hasnt 10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Ill teach you about present perfect continuous 11. WHEN DO YOU HAVE TO USE IT? we use it to speak about actions that are still happening now, of which you have to specify the length 12. HOW DO YOU FORM IT ? SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + VERB in ING ex. I have been working very hard. Im exhausted! I have already finished to work, and its evident that I am tired 13. NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE FORM NEGATIVE ONE Subject+Have/Has+Not+Been+Verbo in ing ex. I have not (havent) been working INTERROGATIVE ONE Have/Has+Subject+Been+Verbo in ing ex Have you been working ? 14. EVER & NEVER Ever mai to use in: in the question with interrogative sentences. Never non...mai to use in: in the answers. with affermative verb for said that we never do a thing.