Preparing for the future Learning Organizations and Managing Knowledge.

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  • Slide 1
  • Preparing for the future Learning Organizations and Managing Knowledge
  • Slide 2
  • "Ugatha Mana Shilpayamai Mathu Rekena" Learning leads to prospirity
  • Slide 3
  • "Vijja Uppaththan Setta" Among the all inborn, Knowledge is the supreme
  • Slide 4
  • Learning - By Confucius Without learning the wise become foolish By learning the foolish become wise Learn as if you could never have enough of learning, as if you might miss something
  • Slide 5
  • Learning - By Fidel Castro How Fidel Castro started to govern Cuba? What was his first request to the general public?
  • Slide 6
  • Learning The importance of learning was first put forward by the Chinese Philosopher, Confucius. He believed that every one could benefit from learning.
  • Slide 7
  • Learning 1.Learning is the relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of one's interactions with the environment. 2.It is not a quick change. It must be a sustainable change
  • Slide 8
  • Types of Learning 1.Level ILearning facts, knowledge, processes and procedures 2.Level IILearning new skills, that are transferable to other situations 3.Level IIILearning to adapt 4.Level IVLearning to Learn
  • Slide 9
  • Knowledge Knowledge give me opportunities. Open and close doors for me Be my light, show me the way Amazing knowledge If I possess the knowledge Nobody can destruct me
  • Slide 10
  • Knowledge Economies j;udkfha wm j;a jkafka f.da,ShlrKhg,lajQ kq wdl ;=< hs' kqu kQ;k wdlj, m%Odk;u ksYamdok idOlh hs' tfukau kqu ;r.ld jdis,ndfok uQ,slu M,odhS wdl im; njg wo m;aj ;sf' kQ;k f,dalfha cd;Ska w;r Wia my;a nj yd Okm;s nj fyda ksOk nj ;SrKh lrjk m%Odk idOlh jkafka o kqu hs' kq fiajlfhda kQ;k wdl md,kh lr;s' tjeks fiajlhkag kQ;k wdl ;=< we;af;a fkdkeish yels wmQj n,hls'
  • Slide 11
  • Knowledge Real learning gets to the heart of what it means to be human. Though learning we re - create ourselves. Through learning we become able to do something we never able to do. Though learning we re - perceive the world and our relationship to it. Though learning develop our capacity to create, to be the part of the generative process of it.
  • Slide 12
  • Learning Organization/s "An organization which facilitates the learning of all its members and continuous transform itself". (Pedler et al., 1988) Two elements in the definition: 1.Individual learning 2.Organizational learning and transformation
  • Slide 13
  • Learning Organization/s "Organizational learning is a process of detecting and correcting of errors". (Argyris, 1977) " in a learning organization people learn to see the whole (reality) togher". (Peter Senge)
  • Slide 14
  • Learning Organization/s 1.An organization that learns and encourages learning among its people. 2.It promotes exchange of information among employees to create a knowledgeable workforce. 3.People will accept and adapt to new ideas and changes through a shared vision.
  • Slide 15
  • Learning Organization/s 1.Adaptive to the external environment 2.Continually enhance the capacity to change/adapt 3.Develop individual as well as collective learning 4.use results of learning to enjoy better organizational results
  • Slide 16
  • Learning Organization/s Organization Environment Learning Adopt developing strategies Adopt developing strategies
  • Slide 17
  • Characteristics of a Learning Organization 1.Learning Culture 2.Processes 3.Tools and techniques 4.Skills and Motivation
  • Slide 18
  • Learning and Knowing. Why? 1.Organizations and employees must know how to change 2.To cope with rapid and unexpected changes where programmed responses are inadequate 3.Need flexibility 4.Front - line staff Customer
  • Slide 19
  • Characteristics of a Learning Organization "the learning organization depends absolutely on skills, approaches and commitment of individuals and their own learning" (Mumford, 1994)
  • Slide 20
  • How to compete in this knowledge economy? Organization is a learning, knowing and sense making organism Like humans, organizations make sense out of their environments Productivity based on the correctness and the appropriateness of its sense making judgments, and the ability to gather, create, store and distribute knowledge and information
  • Slide 21
  • How to compete in this knowledge economy? 1.Role of the manager is to use the sense making ability to define the problem, define solutions and to build the information and knowledge processing infrastructure of the organization. 2.Thus, Key role of the manager is to perceive the environment correctly.
  • Slide 22
  • Two types of knowledge Tacit Knowledge Subjective and experimental knowledge that cannot be expressed in words, sentences, numbers and formulas Explicit Knowledge Objective and rational knowledge that can be expressed in words, sentences, numbers or using formulas
  • Slide 23
  • Knowledge based view of the firm.. 1.Knowledge base view emphasizes the collection, storage and use of knowledge and information 2.This perspective has implication for IT 3.Managers must use IT to increase the information and knowledge processing infrastructure of the firm
  • Slide 24
  • Knowledge based view of the firm.. 4.Knowledge is the central productive and strategic asset of the firm 5.Explicit knowledge is codified in books, manuals, pictures and videos and tacit knowledge is hidden know how, build over years of experience 6.To create value/s by organizations, they require different types of specialized knowledge
  • Slide 25
  • Knowledge Economies j;udkfha wm j;a jkafka f.da,ShlrKhg,lajQ kq wdl ;=< hs' kqu kQ;k wdlj, m%Odk;u ksYamdok idOlh hs' tfukau kqu ;r.ld jdis,ndfok uQ,slu M,odhS wdl im; njg wo m;aj ;sf' kQ;k f,dalfha cd;Ska w;r Wia my;a nj yd Okm;s nj fyda ksOk nj ;SrKh lrjk m%Odk idOlh jkafka o kqu hs' kq fiajlfhda kQ;k wdl md,kh lr;s' tjeks fiajlhkag kQ;k wdl ;=< we;af;a fkdkeish yels wmQj n,hls'
  • Slide 26
  • Competitive Advantages in the Knowledge Economy Economic Revolutions
  • Slide 27
  • 119 th Century Agrarian based economies 220 th Century industrial power 21 th Century Knowledge based economy
  • Slide 28
  • Industrial Revolution.. Steam Engine Division of Labor Scientific Management Time and Motion Studies Activity Scheduling Charts Moving Assembly Lines
  • Slide 29
  • Knowledge Based Economy Society today governs by knowledge workers who apply their knowledge to work. Knowledge society is a post - capitalist system The post capitalist system is neither capitalist nor socialist The controlling factor of production is neither capital, nor land, nor labor, but knowledge Classes are also due to the knowledge
  • Slide 30
  • Knowledge Based Economy Objective of acquiring knowledge is neither the mere production of intellectuals nor the material and processes, but the production of knowledge workers who are ready to directly apply their acquired knowledge to work.
  • Slide 31
  • Competitive Advantages in the Knowledge Economy Knowledge and Development
  • Slide 32
  • Key to economic progress and the vehicle that carries the solutions to poverty A nation's human capital formation is the critical factor in achieving socio economic development The modern trend is the shift from the resource based economy to the knowledge based economy
  • Slide 33
  • Knowledge and Development Knowledge has become the most influential factor in development Unlike physical resources, knowledge and technology are characterized by increasing returns, and these increasing returns drive the process of growth Now the production process become knowledge based
  • Slide 34
  • Knowledge and Development Knowledge is the critical factor required for employment A country's capacity to take competitive advantages in the knowledge economy depends on how quickly it can adjust its capacity to generate and share knowledge Knowledge can shape and re-shape the economy
  • Slide 35
  • Knowledge and Development Knowledge workers are vital for socio - economic development Education system basically produce new knowledge Research as a major source of creating and disseminating new knowledge The fast developing economies requires highly qualified and skilled human capital
  • Slide 36
  • Knowledge and Competitive Advantages Collective and shared experience accumulated, share across the organization Organizational knowledge has been highlighted as important due to; Organization become more complex and large, the need to share and pool what people know becomes a real challenge Then,
  • Slide 37
  • Knowledge and Competitive Advantages It is less likely that organizations achieve competitive advantages through physical resources and more likely that they will achieve advantages through intimate knowledge ICT and information systems altered the business and the way of doing businesses
  • Slide 38
  • Knowledge and Competitive Advantages In agricultural and industrial sectors of the economy require knowledge and skilled based employees in future When industries shifting towards the technological advancements (A country like Japan), knowledge is the essential input to reinforce the economy
  • Slide 39
  • Organizational Knowledge Creation - SECI Model 1 2 3 4
  • Slide 40
  • Knowledge and the Human Capital Human capital is the education, training and on the job learning embodied in the workforce It is the employees knowledge and the brain power Human Capital is more than Human Resource From resources we can gain products, but from human capital we can gain profits To create human capital tacit and explicit knowledge should get together
  • Slide 41
  • Knowledge and Competitive Advantages In a knowledge economy wealth creation is done by the knowledge (Like Japan) Without physical resources also a country can develop utilizing knowledge To give competitive advantages knowledge must have basic four features; Valuable Rare Imperfectly imitable Non substitutable
  • Slide 42
  • Knowledge and Knowledge Worker Organizational learning is the process by which organizations acquire tacit knowledge "Patent System" is a must to maintain a knowledge economy Knowledge worker apply the knowledge to the organization, but not the intellect.
  • Slide 43
  • Strategies to compete in a knowledge economy Link between science and technology Innovations Increase the importance of education and training; through the quality of it Attract, recruit, train and retain super performers Life long learning Greater investment in R & D
  • Slide 44
  • Thank You! Next Lesson: Analysis of the Environment