prehistory paleolithic

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  1. 1. PALEOLITHIC
  2. 2. Neanderthals
  3. 3. WHAT? OLD STONE WHEN? 5.000.000 B.C. to 7.000 B.C. WHAT WAS CLIMATE LIKE? Some very cold periods in which the Earth was totally covered with ice, some milder periods.
  4. 4. Predators. (Hunting and fishing) Gathered fruits, honey, eggs
  5. 5. In caves or shelters They were nomads: moved to find food.
  6. 6. Hierarchical: the wisest, the strongest, the witch doctor were the most important people. Hordes: groups of 20 to 30 people, sometimes they formed a tribe. They shared the tasks
  7. 7. Tended the fire. Caught little animals. Prepared animal skins. Took care of the children.
  8. 8. They hunted, fished, made tools, protected the tribe:
  9. 9. They had religious beliefs: Buried the dead Believed in the forces of nature.
  10. 10. CAVE PAINTINGS BATONS VENUS STATUES
  11. 11. WHERE? ON ROCKS, CEILLINGS AND WALLS OF THE CAVES. WHY? TO CATCH THE ANIMALS MAGICALLY TO EXPRESS THEMSELVES TO EXPRESS WHAT THEY HAD SEEN.
  12. 12. How? Animals standing alone or in groups. Very realistic. Polychrome: red, black, ochre. Sometimes in protruding parts of the rock to give an impression of relief. Paint was applied with the fingers, brushes or spatulas.
  13. 13. Small carved pieces of bone and horn in the shape of the head of a horse or a deer.
  14. 14. MATERIALS: ivory, stone,bone. Fertility symbols: feminine physical features very exaggerated.