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Diapositiva 1

PREHISTORY

PALEOLITHIC

PREHISTORYWHAT IS PREHISTORY?WHAT IS HOMINIZATION?WHAT ARE THE PERIODS OF PREHISTORY?LIFE IN THE PALEOLITHICTOOLS

5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAWHAT IS PREHISTORY? Prehistory refers to the period before writing was invented.It began in Africa about 5 million years ago.

Archaeologists are the people who study and interpret the remains that they find in archaeological excavations:

FOSSILS (remains of living things such as plants, animals or people)ARTIFACTS (remains of things that were made from wood, stones or bones.)

Who study Prehistory? And How?

LA PREHISTORIATHE PERIODS OF PREHISTORY

5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago PALEOLITHICNEOLITHICMETAL AGE

5 Millions years ago 10000 years ago7000 years agoFirst human fossils were foundAgriculture and farming inventionFirst tools made out of metal

First writings

5000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAPROCESS OF HOMINIZATION.Darwin in the 19TH century was the first scientist to talk about human evolution

5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAPROCESS OF HOMINIZATION.There are three key points to understand this process:

BIPEDALISMOld primates could walk upright on two feet. So hands free and they could see furtherOPPOSING THUMBSo hands could hold objects and make tools. Stronger and greater accuracyBIGGER BRAINThe bigger the brain the more complex and creative so. The think more, they used language to communicate

5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAPROCESS OF HOMINIZATION.IT is a very long and complex process of evolution. Here you can meet some of the most important species:

ARDIPITHECUS4,4 millions years agoHerbivoreBipedal350 cm3 small brainAUSTRALOPITHECUS4 millions years agoBipedal1,5 m tall450 cm3 small brain still5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAPROCESS OF HOMINIZATION.

HOMO HABILIS2,5 millions years agoBipedal600cm3 bigger brainFirst hominids to make tools

HOMO ERECTUS1,5 m. a.1,5 m tall900 cm3 bigger brainThey travelled away from AfricaDiscovered how to make fire and may be laguage

5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAPROCESS OF HOMINIZATION.

HOMO SAPIENS195.000 years agoCreated art and languageWe all belong to that specie

HOMO ANTECESSOR800.000 years ago1000 cm3 big brain Fossils and artefacts were found in Atapuerca, BurgosNEANDERTAL 200.000 years ago1500cm3 big brainFirst to bury their dead

5 millions years ago 5.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAHOW WAS LIFE IN THE PALEOLITHIC?.

This is the first and longest period in Prehistory.

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAHOW WAS LIFE IN THE PALEOLITHIC?.

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

THE DISCOVERY OF HOW TO SET FIRE CHANGED EVERYTHING: COOK FOOD HEAT THEIR SHELTERSPROTECT THEM FROM WILD ANIMALSLIGTH CAVES IT IMPROVED THEIR LIFES!!!!

LA PREHISTORIA

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago HUMANS WERE NOMADS

THEY LIVED IN CAVES AND ROCK SHELTERS

THEY LOOKED FOR PLACES NEAR FOOD AND WATER, LIKE RIVERS

THEY MADE TOOLS FROM STONES, BONE , HORNS AND WOOD

THEY PROBABLY LIVED IN TRIBES OR 20 OR 40 PEOPLE. SEVERAL TRIBES FORMED A CLAN.

HOW WAS LIFE IN THE PALEOLITHIC?.

LA PREHISTORIAHOW TO MAKE TOOLS?.

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIATOOLS:

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIATOOLS:Cantos rodados PEBBLESLascasFLAKESPuntas de flechaARROWHEADSBifacesHAND AXE OR BIFACEBurilesGRAVERRaederasSCRAPERArponesSPEARAgujasNEEDLE

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIATOOLS:

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

ARROWHEADS AND SCRAPERSHAND AXE OR BIFACENEEDLES AND SPEARS

LA PREHISTORIAEACH TOOL HAS ITS OWN PURPOUSE:

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

FISHHUNTSEWTAN LEATHERSCUTBUILD OTHER TOOLS

LA PREHISTORIAHOW IMPORTANT WERE TOOLS?.

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS

Neandertal people were the first one to buried their dead

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFSEl homo sapiens began to decorate caves 40000 years ago.Durante el Paleoltico se desarrollan 2 tipos de arte:

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

CAVE ART. Animals (deer, horses, mammoths). Realistic : they were given volume by the surface reflief of the cave. Polychrome: several colours (mineral mixed with eggs and oil)Probably a religious purpose. But who knows?

SMALL STATUES. Venus made of stone, ivory or bones. Probably fertility symbols.

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS . Caves art work. Altamira

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS. Cave art work. Lascaux

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS . Venus of Willendorf (Austria 22000 millions years ago) Steatopygia

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago

LA PREHISTORIAART AND BELIEFS. SMALL STATUES

5 millions years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE 10.000 years ago Venus of Laussel

Bison, Madeleine cave (Francia)

Deer drawn in a horn, El Castillo cave (Spain)